Papers by Keyword: Fault Weld

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Authors: Reenal Ritesh Chand, Ill Soo Kim, Ji Hye Lee, Jong Pyo Lee, Ji Yeon Shim, Young Su Kim
Abstract: In robotic GMA (Gas Metal Arc) welding process, heat and mass inputs are coupled and transferred by the weld arc and molten base material to the weld pool. The amount and distribution of the input energy are basically controlled by the obvious and careful choices of welding process parameters in order to accomplish the optimal bead geometry and the desired mechanical properties of the quality weldment. To make effective use of automated and robotic GMA welding, it is imperative to predict online faults for bead geometry and welding quality with respect to welding parameters, applicable to all welding positions and covering a wide range of material thickness. To successfully accomplish this objective, two sets of experiment were performed with different welding parameters; the welded samples from SM 490A steel flats adopting the bead-on-plate technique were employed in the experiment. The experimental results of current and voltage waveforms were used to predict the magnitude of bead geometry and welding quality, and to establish the relationships between weld process parameters and online welding faults. MD (Mahalanobis Distance) technique is employed for investigating and modeling of GMA welding process and significance test techniques were applied for the interpretation of the experimental data. Statistical models developed from experimental results which can be used to control the welding process parameters in order to achieve the desired bead geometry based on weld quality criteria.
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Authors: Reenal Ritesh Chand, Il Soo Kim, Ji Hye Lee, Ji Sun Kim
Abstract: The welding quality in multi-pass welding is mainly dependent on the pre-heating from pervious pass or root-pass welding. In this study, a Mahalanobis Distance and normal distribution method is illustrated and employed to determine whether welding faults have occurred after each pass welding and also to quantify welding quality percentage. To successfully accomplish this objective, sets of multi-pass welding experiment were performed with different welding parameters in each pass; the welded samples of SS400 steel flats adopting the bead-on-plate technique were employed in the experiment. The result of current and voltage for each pass is obtained through the real time mentoring systems. In order to verify the effect of the performance and weld quality of the different weld-pass, Mahalanobis distances for voltage and current values were calculated and used for qualitative and quantitative analysis with comparison to values obtained from the root-pass as reference welds. The results of the experiment and statistical analysis have demonstrated that the weld faults after each weld pass is feasible.
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