Papers by Keyword: Fiber Volume Fraction

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Authors: Hai Jun Zhang, Chu Wei Zhou
Abstract: This paper represented a new unit cell of 3D four directional braided composite for mechanical properties calculation. There are three disadvantages of unit cells in most previous works such as the fiber volume fraction hard to touch the reality despite the packing factor is maximum 1, the yarns are curved subjectively which is far away from realistic geometry structure, a quantity of connected surfaces are neglected as the yarns are not match the real appearance. A new unit cell established based on the real manufacturing process and structure could improve these aspects in this work. The yarn in the unit cell was similar to the real one which was constructed by photos. The details at the conjoined position were also expressed thoroughly. The result of finite element simulation was in good agreement with the available experimental data.
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Authors: J.D. Parks, Jai Sug Hawong, Jae Do Kwon, S.H. Choi
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Authors: Hong Gun Kim
Abstract: A stress analysis has been performed to evaluate the thermally induced elastic stresses which can develop in a short fiber composite due to coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) mismatch. An axisymmetric finite element model with the constraint between cells has implemented to find the magnitude of thermoelastic stresses in the fiber and the matrix as a function of volume fraction, CTE ratio, modulus ratio, and fiber aspect ratio. It was found that the matrix end regions fall under significant thermal stresses that have the same sign as that of the fibers themselves. Furthermore, it was found that the stresses vary along the fiber and fiber end gap in the same manner as that obtained in a shear-lag model during non-thermal mechanical loading.
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Authors: Kai Chen, Lian Chun Long
Abstract: Bamboo is a fiber-reinforced bio-composite with superior structural behavior. For the purpose of analyzing the correlations between the mechanical properties of bamboo and fiber volume fraction, tensile tests were performed on bamboo test specimen, and the corresponding volume fractions of fiber and parenchymatous ground tissue were measured. Linear and curvilinear regressions were done from tested data of elastic modulus, tensile strength and volume fractions of fiber. The results display that there is an obvious correlation between bamboo tensile properties and fiber volume fraction. In order to analyze the effects of fiber gradient distribution on bamboo structural behavior, models composed of fiber and parenchymatous tissue were built based on different fiber distribution for comparative analysis. The analysis results show that the maximum deformation of 4 layers model is 3.86% less than 1 layer model, and the maximum deformation of 8 layers model is 8.87% less than 4 layers model. In the part of maximum axial stress, the maximum axial stress of 4 layers model is 3.27% less than 1 layer model, and the maximum axial stress of 8 layers model is 8.90% less than 4 layers model. Conclusion can be drawn from the comparison that the strength and stiffness of the model appear to be growing with the degree of fiber gradient distribution deepening from 1 layer model to 4 layers model, and 4 layers model to 8 layers model.It can be concluded that the mechanical properties of bamboo structure are significantly improved because of fiber gradient distribution.
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Authors: Hong Gun Kim
Abstract: An elastopalstic analysis of the micromechanical approach is performed to investigate the stress transfer mechanism in a short fiber reinforced composites. The model is based on the New Shear Lag Theory (NSLT) which was developed by considering the stress concentration effects that exist in the matrix region near fiber ends. The unit cell model is selected as the Representative Volume Element (RVE) for the investigation of longitudinal elastoplastic behavior in discontinuous composites. Thus far, it is focused on the detailed description to predict fiber stresses in case of the behavior of elastoplastic matrix as well as elastic matrix. Slip mechanisms between fiber and matrix which normally take place at the interface are considered for the accurate prediction of fiber stresses. Consequently, onset of Slip points is determined analytically and it showed a moving direction to the fiber center region from the fiber tip as the applied load increases. It is found that the proposed model gives the more reasonable prediction compared with the results of the conventional model (SLT).
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Authors: Eva Kormanikova, Kamila Kotrasova
Abstract: The hygrothermal effect is introduced by using empirical relations for degrading the material stiffness properties of the matrix. A parametric study is conducted by varying the fiber volume fraction and the fiber orientation of the angle plies in the laminate. It is possible to minimize the environmental effect by judiciously selecting the laminate configuration.
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Authors: Hong Gun Kim
Abstract: A micromechanical model based on continuum analysis has been investigated by using finite element analysis (FEA) in discontinuous metal matrix composites (DMMC). To assess the tensile and compressive constitutive responses, a cyclic stress-strain behavior has been performed. For analysis procedure, the elastoplastic FEA and the regularly aligned axisymmetric single fiber model have been implemented to evaluate the internal field quantities. Accordingly, the fiber and matrix internal stresses were investigated for the constrained representative volume element (RVE). Further, the local plasticity in the matrix were described during loading and unloading precesses, which can predict the damage mechanisms as well as strengthening mechanisms. On the other hand, a thermoelasto- plastic analysis has been performed using FEA for the application to the continuum behavior in a discontinuous metal matrix composite. The internal field quantities of composite as well as overall composite behavior and an experiment was demonstrated to compare with the numerical simulation. As the procedure, the reasonably optimized FE mesh generations, the appropriate imposition of boundary conditions, and the relevant postprocessing such as elasto-plastic thermo-mechanical analysis were taken into account. For micromechanical model, the temperature dependent material properties and precipitation hardening effects have been employed to investigate field quantities. It was found that the residual stresses are induced substantially by the temperature drop during heat treatment and that the FEA results give a good agreement with experimental data.
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Authors: Kyung Lim Ahn, Seok Joon Jang, Yeon Jun Yun, Dae Geun Yu, Hyun Do Yun
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to investigate the compressive and flexural properties of high-strength steel fiber reinforced concrete (SFRC). For this purpose, a total of 5 mixture whose variable is fiber volume fraction, were made and tested in a range of high strength with 70MPa. In case of normal and ultra-high strength, experimental results were collected from existing literatures on the tests conducted in South Korea. Flexural behavior of SFRC is enhanced according to the fiber volume fraction and compressive strength. Experimental and collected data were applied to existing equations, so it was found that the distinctions occurred between experimental or collected data and calculated values. Thus, more efforts are required to predict the flexural behavior of SFRC manufactured in South Korea with respect to the fiber volume fraction.
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Authors: Wen Liu, Shi Lang Xu, Qing Hua Li
Abstract: Fatigue flexural fracture test is taken out in this paper, to study the fatigue crack propagation rate of ultra-high toughness cementitious composites (UHTCC), as well as the effect of fiber volume fraction on fatigue crack propagation rate. Three fiber volume fractions are adopted: 1.5%, 2.0% and 2.5%. Similar to Paris law, a fatigue crack propagation equation of UHTCC is introduced, as dA/dN=C(△J)m, with the two parameters A and △J are defined as the covering area of multiple fatigue cracks and the fatigue amplitude of J integral. Through experiment and analysis, the fatigue crack propagation rate slows down with the increase of PVA fiber fraction. Furthermore, the influence of PVA fiber on the propagation rate was found to become obvious with the increase of J integral.
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