Papers by Keyword: Grain Boundary Diffusion

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Authors: Evgeny I. Gershman, Sergei Zhevnenko
Abstract: Grain boundary and free surface tension for pure copper and copper-tin alloys are measured. On the base of these data isothermes of grain boundary tension, free surface tension and isothermes of adsorption are constructed in assumption of a dilute solution. Grain boundary diffusion coefficients of copper were calculated by using the relation of Borisov et. al. for copper and copper-tin alloys.
Authors: N.S. Raghavan, A.H. King
Abstract: Fisher’s model for grain boundary diffusion considers the lattice and the grain boundary on the same basis by presuming the validity of Fick’s second law for both cases, despite the significant structural differences between them. Recent studies [1-3] have, however, shown that grain boundary diffusion is profoundly different from lattice diffusion. We propose an alternative mathematical formulation that incorporates these structural differences and consequently models grain boundary diffusion phenomena more accurately than Fisher’s model. This is achieved by considering possible deviations from the classical random walk for solute atoms diffusing through grain boundaries. This formalism can also be applied to surface diffusion and triple junction diffusion.
Authors: D. Prokoshkina, A.O. Rodin, V. Esin
Abstract: The temperature dependence of the bulk diffusion coefficient of Fe in Cu is determined by EDX in the temperature range from 923 to 1273 K, , m2/s. These results are different from that obtained earlier by radiotracer technique: activation energy is less by 30 kJ/mol and pre-exponential factor is 50 times smaller. Deviations from ideality of investigated solutions do not explain the differences; consequently, the thermodynamical factor would not responsible for such an effect. Fast grain boundary diffusion of Fe in Cu was not observed in the temperature range from 823 to 1073 K.
Authors: Byung Nam Kim, Keijiro Hiraga, Koji Morita, Hidehiro Yoshida
Abstract: For steady-state deformation caused by grain-boundary diffusion and viscous grain-boundary sliding, the creep rate of regular polyhedral grains is analyzed by the energy-balance method. For the microstructure, the grain-grain interaction increases the degree of symmetry of diffusional field, resulting in a decrease of the effective diffusion distance. Meanwhile, the viscous grain-boundary sliding is found to decrease the creep rate. The present analysis reveals that the grain-size exponent is dependent on the grain size and the grain-boundary viscosity: the exponent becomes unity for small grain sizes and/or high viscosity, while it is three for large grain sizes and/or low viscosity.
Authors: I.V. Belova, Graeme E. Murch
Abstract: It is generally well recognized that in the course of a grain boundary (GB) diffusion experiment the diffusion of solute atoms in grain boundaries must exhibit a strong time-dependent segregation. But there has been no clear understanding of exactly how this time dependence develops. In this chapter, we review and analyse transient solute GB diffusion by means of the computer simulation technique of Lattice Monte Carlo (LMC). This technique has been successfully used on numerous occasions for the purposes of systematically studying the GB transition regimes that occur between the principal well-defined Harrison GB kinetics regimes (A, B and C-Types). Recently, the analysis using LMC has been extended to the case of solute GB diffusion when the segregation factor is independent of time. In the present paper, we analyse two cases of solute segregation in GB diffusion: first, where the solute atoms are homogeneously distributed along the tracer source plane but their mobility is not high at this plane; and the second, where the mobility of the solute atoms along the tracer source plane is comparable to their mobility along the GB. It is shown that the time dependence of the segregation can contribute significantly into the resulting values of the triple-product that is usually obtained experimentally in the Harrison Type-B kinetics regime.
Authors: Vladimir V. Popov
Abstract: The possibilities of Fisher’s model development and generalization are considered, as this model in its classical form contradicts some experimental results. Particularly, it does not explain such a phenomenon, observed in Mössbauer studies, as the transfer of grain-boundary diffusing atoms into near-boundary crystallite areas at temperatures when the volume diffusion is admittedly frozen. Different models explaining this phenomenon are briefly reviewed, the greatest attention being paid to a model accounting for the presence of equilibrium-composition near-boundary layers. It is demonstrated that based on the results of grain boundaries investigations one can conclude that at relatively low temperatures (< 0.35 – 0.40 Tm) the diffusant pumping from a grain boundary proceeds much faster than volume diffusion, and possible reasons for that are considered.
Authors: Gabriel A. López, Paweł Zięba, W. Sigle, Eric J. Mittemeijer
Authors: Irina V. Belova, Graeme E. Murch
Authors: Irina V. Belova, Graeme E. Murch
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