Papers by Keyword: Heavy Metal

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Authors: Sofia P. Lezhava, Alexandra G. Pershina, Darya Kokova, Ekaterina A. Perina, Ilya P. Kaminskii, Alexey E. Sazonov, Ludmila M. Ogorodova
Abstract: Nowadays, the question about the negative impacts of liver fluke on the host organism and mechanisms of this damage is open. The bio-concentration of some heavy and toxic metals in tissue of adult forms of Opisthorchis felineus and its accumulation in liver tissue and cardiac muscle in the Syrian Golden Hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) model was analyzed. It is outlined, that Opisthorchis felineus infection leads to accumulating aluminum in a liver tissue of the host. It was also found, that adult fluke bio-concentrates iron and aluminum in their tissue. The shortage of such essential elements as Mn, Zn and Сu in infected organism is discussed.
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Authors: Yi Yang Zhao, Jia Li Shen Tu, Kun Bai Chen
Abstract: Enrichment capacity and transfer capability of R. acetosa were studied in situ at the different growth stages, and the soil was polluted by the two levels (T1: Cd 0.70 mg/kg+Cu 114.37 mg/kg+Pb 138.94 mg/kg; T2: Cd 1.34 mg/kg+Cu 164.90 mg/kg+Pb 176.19 mg/kg) of combined heavy metals. The results showed that the content of Cd, Cu and Pb in roots increased first, then decreased and increased again as R. acetosa growing in each test area. And the content of Cd, Cu and Pb in shoots showed the same trend as roots. The enrichment capacity of R. acetosa to Cu and Pb was improved as the level of heavy metal pollution increased at the different growth stages, while the Cd was in inverse proportion to the concentration. But its enrichment capacity and transfer capability of Cd to be significantly higher than Cu and Pb. R. acetosa application on the bioremediation of soil polluted by combined heavy metals of Cd, Cu and Pb showed great potential.
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Authors: Qiang Hao
Abstract: Remediation of heavy metal contaminated sites is the important part in environmental governance. In this paper, based on the study of heavy metal pollution situation and soil characteristics in Shanxi Province, we analyse various typical technology of heavy metal contaminated site remediation. Put forward the suitable method for heavy metal remediation, mainly include: Solidification / stabilization, nanozero valent iron-situ remediation technologies, leaching, chemical extraction, low temperature thermal desorption, high temperature thermal desorption, phytoremediation.
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Authors: Xing Xing Huang, Hong Bing Ji, Cai Li, Fei Qin, Qian Li, Yong Li Liang
Abstract: In order to have a comparative investigation of the pollution and speciation characteristics of heavy metals between the gold and iron mine tailings of the upstream areas of Miyun Reservoir, the tailing samples from the typical gold and iron mines were analyzed. The total metal concentration is determined by acid digestion and the chemical fractionation of metal by the Tessier sequential extraction method. It is found that compared to background values of Beijing, the heavy metal in both gold and iron mine tailings is higher, while the heavy metal in gold mine tailings is higher than that of iron mine tailings, with Mn as an exception. Mercury is the most serious pollution element in gold mine tailings. Results of the sequential extraction suggest that the exchangeable of Cd exhibits the highest percentage of total metal in gold and iron mine tailings(15% and 6.5% of the total metal, respectively) among Cd, Mn, Zn, Cu, Pb, Cr. In the majority of iron mine tailing samples collected, large amounts of Cu were mainly associated with the organic form. The percentage of the bioavailable metals in both gold and iron mine tailing samples follows the order: Cd>Mn>Zn>Cu>Pb>Cr.
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Authors: Ye Qing Li, Huan Zhong Wang, Jiang Zhang, Song Bai Yu, Wen Juan Miao
Abstract: The national general survey manifests that the Chinese soil is suffering from serious contamination, mainly arising from heavy metals (HM). Due to the large amount of heavy metal waste, many researchers have performed the feasibility studies on co-processing this kind of waste in cement kilns. In this paper, we review these results from the perspectives of national standards, the crystal structure of clinker, and the volatility of metals in cement kiln system. The crystal structure of clinker mineral offers physical possibility for the solidification of HM atoms. The volatility studies also indicate that most of the metals will not emit from the kiln system. For the incorporated metals in clinker, their release ratio is very low, and the leaching HM atoms can be immediately enclosed by the cement hydration products. Based on these theoretical results, we measured the HM in the raw materials and in the cement product for 1 year in a cement plant. The bag filter dust contained high level of Tl with an average of 219.30 ppm. The other metals were almost solidified by the clinker. With the vaporization of Tl in the raw materials, the circulation pattern causes the accumulation and buildup of Tl in the system. The incorporation capacity of clinker on HM is predicted in this paper, but the incorporation ratio of HM from contaminated soil, the circulation pattern of HM in cement kiln system, and the emission of HM is currently not clear and further work is in progress.
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Authors: Sang An Ha, Dong Kyun Kim, Dong Won Lee, Byong Ho Jung, Jong Moon Lee, Jei Pil Wang
Abstract: The present study is aimed at deriving study factors appropriate for removal of heavy metals in a region with combined contamination of non-biodegradable organics or heavy metal ions in soil or underground water contamination or a region with underground water contamination using a composite alternating current electromagnetic field with combined modulation of an electric and a magnetic field. In addition, it is directed at deriving fundamental experiment, design factors that can be utilized in removing organic contaminants or metal-organic complexes having polarity of an electric charge. The continuous-type apparatus for fusion process in a composite alternating current electric field employed in the present study was designed to process a maximum of 260 L. Each configuration is provided with electrolytic decomposition apparatus, Magnetic Equipment, Power supply and Electrode plates with an adjustable distance between electrodes. By measuring oxidation and reduction processes of ions appearing in chemical reaction processes, electric potentials produced by injection of a negative reactivity electrode into an aqueous solution in a reversible redox equilibrium condition were measured.
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Authors: Jun Jun Du, Sheng Ping Jin, Qiong Li, She Sheng Zhang
Abstract: Consider heavy metal pollution of topsoil in the city of world today is a hot science research project. A fuzzy clustering algorithm l is constructed ed by analyzing the propagation characteristics of heavy metal pollutants. Considering topography, areas, factories, roads, , irredentist, etc. we calculate a evaluation on comprehensive pollution, and the degree of heavy metals pollution, by using fuzzy clustering and fuzzy AHP. The results show that the index of the comprehensive pollution of heavy metals on the region, and the weight of pollution of each category.
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Authors: Xin Yun Liu, Guang Wu, She Sheng Zhang
Abstract: By analyzing the propagation characteristics of heavy metal pollutants, a fuzzy clustering model is established. Based on the topography, residential areas, factories, roads, etc. as well as the index Muller, we get the degree of heavy metals pollution and a evaluation on comprehensive pollution, and we found that the weight of pollution of each category and the index of the comprehensive pollution of heavy metals on the region by using fuzzy clustering and fuzzy AHP
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Authors: Shen Zhao, Xue Yi You
Abstract: A complex mass-balanced model of marine ecosystem was developed, including nineteen state variables. In this model, benthos sub-model and improved heavy metal sub-model were coupled with the nutrient cycling.
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Authors: Elza Bontempi, Annalisa Zacco, Laura Borgese, Alessandra Gianoncelli, Rosario Ardesi, Laura E. Depero
Abstract: In the last years several projects have been developed for treatment of fly ash with the aim of their reuse. A final target of these researches is to evaluate the real performance of the new materials obtained by the treatment and the actual and, if the case, potential markets for the foreseen products. Indeed, the use of a recycled inert would reduce the consumption of natural resources and this is one of the main environmental EU target. Examples are clinkering, road asphaltation and some construction work where specific performances are requested. Moreover, the reuse of inerted fly ash will obtain a reduction of carbon dioxide produced by the necessary treatments of primary materials, as limestone in concrete production. At the University of Brescia (Italy) a new process, based on colloidal silica medium, has been developed to inertise fly ashes, containing heavy metals. This approach appears to be quite promising for industrial application in view of the easiness that can be foreseen in applying it to existing plants treating industrial fly ash. The obtained inert product is a powder, that can be employed as a filler in several application. In this work we present first results about characterization of this new powder material, that can be applied as a filler.
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