Papers by Keyword: Impact Toughness

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Authors: David Hui, Maksim Kireitseu, Geoffrey R. Tomlinson, Vladimir Kompis
Abstract: Nanoparticles and carbon nanotubes-containing composites were deposited on a metal substrate by a micro-arc oxidizing technique. The nanocomposites were developed for their applied researches in fuel tanks and containers of space shuttles. Carbon-nanotube-reinforced composite materials are relatively new class of materials that require extensive investigations in emerging applications at low (cryogenic) and high temperature environments. Two types of nanoparticlereinforced polymeric composites were studied at flexural tests and thermal cycling between 200°C and -80°C temperature with no visual cracks for two and half times more than a matrix. The polymer type and the curing process control the thermal cycle response and ultimate durability of the composites in extreme temperature environments. To validate the use of the simplified twodimensional models, a comparison is made with three-dimensional calculations.
Authors: Laino Sebastián, Jorge Antonio Sikora, Ricardo C. Dommarco
Abstract: Carbidic ADI (CADI) is a new type of Austempered Ductile Iron containing free carbides in the microstructure, providing a particular combination of wear resistance and impact toughness. In this work, four CADI variants were evaluated, in which carbides were promoted by alloying with chromium. Tests performed under the low stress abrasion condition imposed by the ASTM G65 standard show that CADI can increase the wear resistance up to 100 % when compared with conventional ADI austempered at the same temperature. The carbide content must be higher than 10 % to promote a considerable reinforcing effect. However, at this carbide content level, the impact toughness varies between 7 and 11 J/cm2 for unnotched samples. These values are much lower than those of conventional ADI, but higher than those of other abrasion resistant materials, like white irons. Some CADI variants were also evaluated in field tests, producing abrasion under either low stress or high stress conditions. For this purpose, two CADI prototype parts were studied: screw segments for animal food extruders (low stress abrasion) and wheel loader bucket edges (high stress abrasion). The results gathered showed that CADI behaves satisfactorily under low stress abrasion, but the performance is not so good under high stress conditions. To analyze the differences in the abrasion response, scratch tests were performed in order to evaluate the interaction between the abrasive tip and the microstructure.
Authors: Li Jun Yan, Yu Zhuo Li, Peng Zhu, Jia Shi, Jin Sheng Liu, Long Zhang
Abstract: Test bends of L415M hot induction bend of 508 mm OD×14.3 mm WT used in –45°C areas were conducted. The bending and tempering process parameters were designed, the influences of bending and tempering process parameters on impact toughness at –45°C and microstructure of tangent weld and bend weld were investigated. Hot induction bend was produced by the process of local induction heating+fast water quenching. After tempering treatment, the weld contained martensite-austenite (M-A) islands, carbide precipitations, welded column crystal structure and little pearlite (P), and the brittle fracture surface contained S segregation, the temper brittleness of the weld occurred, which lead to impact energy of bend weld to be lower than 40 J at –45°C. Without post-bending tempering treatment, the microstructures of bend weld was a composite of polygonal ferrite (PF) and granular bainite (GB) with small size and uniform distribution, the coarse column structure and acicular ferrite (AF) disappeared in the weld, so the impact energy of bend weld was higher than 70 J at –45°C, but the impact energy of tangent weld was very poor. It suggests that the process of overall induction of heating + fast water quenching + no tempering treatment is more reasonable, the process ensures that the impact toughness at –45°C, strength and other properties of bend meet the requirements of CDP-S-OGP-PL-016-2011-2.
Authors: Hatem Alamri, It Meng Low
Abstract: In this paper, epoxy eco-composites reinforced with recycled cellulose fiber (RCF) and nano-fillers such as nano-clay platelets (30B) and halloysite nanotubes (HNTs), have been fabricated and investigated. The influences of RCF/nano-filler dispersion on the microstructure, physical and mechanical characteristics have been characterized. Results indicate that flexural strength decreased for the majority of study samples due to the poor dispersion of nano-fillers and the existence of voids within the samples. In contrast, impact toughness and fracture toughness were improved for all reinforced samples. The effect of water absorption was positive in terms of enhancing the impact toughness of the composites. Addition of nanoclay was found to increase the porosities of all nanocomposites.
Authors: Julitte Huez, Christophe Buirette, Eric Andrieu, Simon Perusin, Sylvain Audion
Abstract: The fusion zone of an electron beam welded Ti-6Al-4V alloy presents a ' martensitic structure which leads to a change of mechanical properties. Starting from two manufacturing processing routes for the alloy (1) a  processing followed by the weld (the reference microstructure), (2) an  processing followed by welding and a post weld heat treatment (PWHT), the microstructure can be adjusted to avoid local difference of strength, fatigue properties and impact toughness. This results from the optimisation of the process and of the PWHT. The present work investigates the mechanical behaviour and the damage mechanism of both base metal and fusion zone in regards to the microstructure and to the heat treatment parameters.
Authors: Min You, Jing Rong Hu, Xiao Ling Zheng, Ai Ping He, Cun Jun Chen
Abstract: The effect of the adhesive thickness on the impact toughness of the adhesively bonded steel joint under impact loading is studied using the experimental method. The results obtained show that the impact toughness increases when the adhesive thickness increased then it decrease as the adhesive thickness increase. When the curing time is set as a constant, the higher the curing temperature is, the lower the impact toughness of the joint. The optimum thickness of the adhesive layer for the specimen of impact toughness test cured at 60 C for 1 h is 0.6 mm and it is 0.4 mm to 0.6 mm for the specimen cured 1 h at temperature of 90 C or higher than it. It is recommended using the notched specimen to decrease the testing deviation.
Authors: Min You, Chun Zhi Mei, Wen Jun Liu, Jing Rong Hu, Ling Wu
Abstract: The effect of the temperature and immersed time of the alkali solution on the impact toughness of the adhesively bonded steel single lap joint under impact loading is studied using the experimental method. The results obtained show that the impact toughness of the specimen increased when the immersed time increased then it decreased as it beyond 3 days. When the immersed time is longer than 72 h, the higher the temperature is, the lower the impact toughness of the joint. The moisture absorption of the adhesive layer with the immersed time was also investigated and it was found that there is a relationship to the impact toughness of the adhesively bonded single lap joint. The epoxy adhesive layer was analyzed with FT-IR and it was found that the hydroxyl enhanced and bonding strength may increase after 72 h immersed in alkali solution.
Authors: Ji Lin Chen, Shi Peng Ruan, Li Jun Wang, Jin Po Zhai, Chao Liu
Abstract: The effects of austenite grain size on hardenability and impact toughness were investigated. The results show that: Since the beginning of the two-phase region with quenching temperature, the austenite grain size from the initial 4+6 mixed crystal at 740°C, and gradually increased to 10 at 860°C; Austenite grain size and hardenability was directly proportional to the austenite grain size increased from 8μm to 36μm, the biggest change is the hardness 10HRC; Austenite grain size and impact toughness is linear, with the decrease of grain size, the impact energy increases linearly, and the austenite grain size and impact toughness curve fitting. Comprehensive analysis for ensuring the hardenability of cold heading steels should be considered optimal matching of material strength and plasticity.
Authors: Nadezhda Dudova, Rustam Kaibyshev
Abstract: It was shown that in a 10% Cr martensitic steel enriched by boron this element tends to segregate within M23C6 carbides having the film-like shape and precipitated on the boundaries of prior austenite grains (PAG), mainly. It leads to a low value of Charpy V-notch impact toughness of 6 J/cm2. These carbides are highly resistant against the spheroidizing. Only the tempering at 770°C leads to the final formation of M23C6 carbides having the equiaxed shape. Concurrently, this tempering strongly decreases boron segregation. As a result, the 10% Cr martensitic steel exhibits a high value of Charpy V-notch impact toughness of 260 J/cm2.
Authors: Wei Ting Lin, Ta Yuan Han, Yuan Cheih Wu, Chin Cheng Huang
Abstract: This study is aimed to evaluate the impact performance of cement-based composites which comprise steel fibers and silica fume in the mixes. Material variables include water-cementitious ratio, dosage of silica fume, steel fiber length and dosage. Test results indicate that the impact resistance increase with increasing fiber content and water-cementitious ratio, and with decreasing silica fume content. For a given volume fraction, short fiber performs better than its long counterpart in improving the impact performance. In addition, the combination of silica fume and fibers enhances better impact behavior than individual constituents of silica fume, due to reduced the crack formation and offer the toughness of cement-based composites under impact loadings.
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