Papers by Keyword: Incremental Dynamic Analysis (IDA)

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Authors: Hyung Suk So, Yeong Seok Yoo, Andreas Schaeffer
Abstract: To develop the extraction media for Cd and Ni from aqueous solutions, magnetic beads containing IDA group with strong attraction to heavy metals were produced using the activating agents Epichlorhydrin (Ep) and 1,4-Butanedioldiglycidylether (Bu), respectively. Then the beads were agitated at a pH of 6 after being added to Cd and Ni aqueous solutions of various concentrations. It was confirmed that the heavy metals combined with the magnetic beads within a short time through the process. After the process, the magnetic beads were collected with a magnet, and then dissolved in acid for the analysis of heavy metal concentration. The analysis of heavy metals in the acid solution could be analyzed with an AAS (atomic absorption spectrometer). The results showed that the heavy metal extraction efficiency of Bu was relatively higher than that of the Ep. It supported the hypothesis that the relatively longer length of Bu’s spacer made more free positioning possible when the IDA group combined with the heavy metal.
187
Authors: Yong Sheng Qi, Feng Hua Zhao, Jun Wen Zhou
Abstract: Non-convergence often occurs in the solution of highly nonlinear problem by conventional implicit finite element method. As another choice, explicit method is sometimes used by researchers. Through 2 typical static and dynamic examples this paper verifies that explicit finite element method can provide the same exactness of calculation as the implicit method even in the situation that the duration of action exceeds the natural period of structure greatly. At the same time, compared with implicit method, explicit method possesses higher speed, more robust algorithm, and stronger nonlinear capability, so that explicit method can be applied in static and dynamic analysis of structures, especially in large deformation and highly nonlinear problem.
1498
Authors: Saber Moradi, M. Shahria Alam
Abstract: Incremental Dynamic Analysis (IDA) is a technique to determine the overall seismic performance of structures under varied intensities of earthquakes. In this paper, the seismic performance of four-story steel braced frames equipped with superelastic Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) braces is assessed by performing IDA. The seismic response of SMA-braced frames was compared to that of corresponding Buckling-Restrained Braced Frames (BRBFs). Based on the results of this comparative study, the SMA-braced frames were generally effective in reducing maximum interstory drifts and permanent roof deformations. In addition, the SMA-braced frames demonstrated more uniform drift distribution over the height of the building. As the intensity of earthquake excitation increases, a higher response reduction can be expected for SMA-braced frames.
263
Authors: Zhi Qian Dong, Gang Li, Hong Nan Li
Abstract: Steel concentrically-braced frames (CBFs) as a lateral force resisting system are widely used in moderate seismic regions. The collapse capacity of CBF is uncertain in prior study so that an appropriate analysis method is hard to hunt. Incremental Dynamic Analysis (IDA) is an efficient method to evaluate the dynamic instability of structure. The IDA is incorporated in evaluation of collapse capacity of CBFs systems and IDA-based collapse ductility spectra of CBFs are concluded in this study. Variable periods range of CBFs systems considering reserve capacity are determined based on the IDA.
223
Authors: Wen Xia Yang, Qiang Gu, Zhen Sen Song
Abstract: In current seismic design procedure, structural base shear is calculated according to the linear elastic response spectra divided by response modification factor R. The response modification factor is important to the reliability and economy of building seismic design. In this paper, the response modification factors of Twelve Y-eccentric braced steel frames with various stories and spans lengths were evaluated by capacity spectrum method based on the global capacity envelops obtained from an improved pushover analysis and incremental dynamic analysis. According to the results, an appropriate formula of the response modification factor for the Y-eccentric braced steel frames was suggested.
2285
Authors: Shan Suo Zheng, Wen Bo Li, Qian Li, Fan Wang
Abstract: With the rapid development and extensive application of SRC (steel reinforced concrete) frame structures, the study on seismic fragility of SRC structure under earthquakes seems rather important. The seismic fragility of the SRC frame structures is studied by the method of Incremental Dynamic Analysis (IDA) in this paper. IDA method is conducted on 9 storey SRC frame structure to obtain the IDA curves of this model. Meanwhile, the seismic fragility of the model is analyzed to get the fragility curve. The result shows that IDA can describe the quantitative relationship between the exceeding probability of different states and damage degree of the target.
2042
Authors: Xiao Hong Long, Bei Lei Chen, Jian Jun Li
Abstract: Because the fragility analysis methods used in recent years have some disadvantages to some extent, and there is no relative research report on the seismic fragility of structures based on SVM algorithm, nonparametric analytical method is used in the probabilistic seismic demand analysis, and fragility curves of RC isolated continuous bridge are obtained based on SVM Method. It turns out that the analytical results of SVM Method and Cloud Method are different in the longitudinal direction, matched in the lateral direction, and the results of the former method are greater than the latter one. It is a new and meaningful research that is more efficient than IDA method and also reliable.
229
Authors: Ding Ma, Li Ning Wang, Wen Ying Chen
Abstract: At a time of increased international concern and negotiation for GHG emissions reduction, country studies on the underlying effects of GHG growth gain importance. China experienced continuous, rapid economic growth over the past. At the same time, energy consumption and CO2 emissions increased rapidly while the energy intensity and carbon intensity showed a downward trend at country level. What factors were driving this change? What measures can be adopted to ensure the continual decrease of energy intensity and carbon intensity? The refined IDA method is employed in this paper to identify the impact of each factor. A year-by-year decomposition is carried out at sector level, and various interesting results on the underlying effects are found. The results yield important hints for the planning of energy and climate policy.
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