Papers by Keyword: Interface Diffusion

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Authors: D.E. Luzzi, D. Imamura, Haruyuki Inui, E.P. George, L. Heatherly, Hiroyuki Y. Yasuda, H. Mori, Masaharu Yamaguchi
Authors: Eugen Rabkin, Leonid M. Klinger
Abstract: We considered the flattening of perturbed surface of a thin stress-free polycrystalline film with columnar microstructure deposited on rigid substrate. We show that the mass transport along the film/substrate interface and along the grain boundaries significantly contributes to the overall rate of surface flattening of the film. The diffusion along the film/substrate interface and along the grain boundaries is driven by the capillary stresses in the film. Using the approximation of small surface slopes, we calculated the distribution of capillary stresses in the film, and derived an explicit expression for the temporal behavior of the film topography. The initial distribution of the capillary stresses rapidly relaxes to the steady-state one that does not allow the accumulation of bending strain in the film. For the films with passivated or contaminated surfaces exhibiting reduced surface diffusivity the interfacial and grain boundary diffusion play a leading role in kinetics of surface flattening. The flattening process can be accelerated in this case by several orders of magnitude. The results of our work can be helpful in design of thin films and coatings with enhanced selfhealing capabilities.
Authors: Leonid M. Klinger, Yves Bréchet, Gary R. Purdy
Authors: Leonid M. Klinger, L. Levin, David J. Srolovitz
Authors: Hideaki Tsukamoto, Andrei G. Kotousov
Abstract: This paper aims to investigate high temperature behavior of ZrO2 particle-dispersed Ni composites. The tension-compression tests under constant stress rates as well as creep tests including stress-dip tests were performed using a high-temperature material testing set up, which consists of an electric-hydraulic fatigue testing machine, electric furnace and extensometer with a laser sensor. ZrO2 particle-dispersed Ni composites were fabricated by using the powder metallurgical methods. The results obtained from the experimental study show that ZrO2 particles remarkably strengthen the composite and there exists a reasonable correlation between the tensioncompression stress-strain relation and the creep behavior. In addition, the creep behavior has been examined based on the micromechanical concept, which takes into account the diffusional mass flow at the interface between the particles and matrix. Some numerical analysis based on this concept demonstrates that even a little amount of ZrO2 particles can effectively increase the creep resistance of the composites
Authors: Jun Tao Zou, Yan Feng Liu, Lu Pei, Xian Hui Wang, Shu Hua Liang
Abstract: The copper alloy/30CrMnSi steel bi-metal composite materials were prepared by the interface diffusion bonding method. The diffusion of elements close to the bonding interface was studied and the formation and growth mechanism of dissolution layer were discussed as well. The results showed that a diffusion transition layer could be formed with the different widths for copper alloy/30CrMnSi steel integrated material. A diffusion transition layer was formed close to 30CrMnSi steel side due to the inter-diffusion of the alloy elements. The microstructure characterization showed that no harmful brittle phase presented around the interface, and two heterogeneous materials had a good metallurgical bonding.
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