Papers by Keyword: Iron

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Authors: Siti Nor Qurratu Aini Abd Aziz, Swee Yong Pung, Zainovia Lockman, Nur Atiqah Hamzah, Yim Leng Chan
Abstract: An ultraviolet (UV) shielding agent based on Fe-doped zinc oxide nanorods (ZnONRs) was synthesized by ex-situdoping using spray pyrolysis technique. These Fe-doped ZnO NRs could reduce the inherent photocatalytic activity of zinc oxide while still maintaining their ultraviolet filtering capability. In this work, the effect of doping duration by spray pyrolysis technique on the optical property and photocatalytic efficiency of ZnO NRs was studied. The room temperature photoluminescence (PL) analysis on the Fe-doped ZnO NRs indicates the red-shift of violet emission peak, i.e. from 378.97 nm (undoped) to 381.86 nm (60 mins.doping). Besides, the reduction of IUV/Vis ratio of PL reveals that the ex-situ Fe doping deteriorated the crystal quality of ZnO NRs. The photocatalytic study shows that the rate constant of Fe-doped ZnO NRs was smaller than the undoped ZnO NRs. It means that the Fe-doped ZnO NRs were less effective in degrading the RhB solution.
Authors: Iveta Štyriaková, Katarína Jablonovská, A. Mockovčiaková
Abstract: Quartz sands contain various iron and clay minerals which coat silicate grains or are impregnated in silicate matrix. Treatment by basin water bioleaching in combination with electromagnetic separation can substantially improve the quality of quartz sands. The purpose of this in-situ study was to evaluate the feasibility of using a biological basin treatment process to improve the quality of quartz sands. The environmental conditions involved the changes of climate temperature, using fresh surface water without disinfection, inhibition of algae and fungi, and promoting bacteria. Analyses of the solution phase were used to monitor the dissolution of iron during the bioleaching of the quartz sands and to optimize the in-situ conditions for the bacterial activity. The rate of iron dissolution varied with environmental conditions, with the addition of nitriloacetic acid (NTA)/l and organic feedstock in the form of molasses. Bacterial removal of clay and iron minerals can be used to expose the white surfaces of quartz grains. The quartz sands from the Šaštín deposit (Slovakia) were used in glass industry after decreasing the Fe content.
Authors: Deni Noviana, Sri Estuningsih, Devi Paramitha, Mokhammad Fakhrul Ulum, Hendra Hermawan
Abstract: A foreign body is any object originating outside the body. It may migrate from its entry site and cause pain, inflammation and infection. This study aims to examine in vitro cytotoxicity and in vivo tissue response at different implantation sites of two iron-based foreign body (FeFB) specimens: pure Fe wire, Cr-coated Fe wire, and SS316L wire as control. In vitro cytotoxicity was assessed towards rat smooth muscle cells with direct method of methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay. In vivo tissue response was examined using mice animal model until day 14 after surgical implantation in subcutaneous nape area and intramuscular right femoral muscle. Cell viability, surface morphology and Fe ion release were examined. Implant density and tissue response were examined by using radiographic imaging and histology, respectively. Results showed that both FeFB specimens exhibited similar cell viability with SS316L. Iron ion concentration was higher in both FeFB medium compared to that of SS316L and with oxide layer formation on their surface. Radiographic analysis showed that the density of both FeFB implants end-side was increased. Meanwhile, histological tissue response at intramuscular sites for FeFB specimens showed a prominent inflammatory response compared to SS316L. Detailed analysis on cell and tissue-material interactions of the iron-based foreign body specimens is discussed further in this article.
Authors: Xing Ke Shang, Zhuo Yue Lan, Qi Fu Zhang, Ting Ting Li
Abstract: With the depletion of mineral resources, more attention is paid on the secondary resources to recover valuable metals. In this paper, a research is carried out to recover copper and iron from copper smelting slag by flotation and magnetic separation. The influence of grinding fineness and collectors on flotation of copper are investigated. A copper concentrate is obtained by flotation and an iron concentrate is obtained by magnetic separation in the closed circuit flowsheet. The copper concentrate contains 18.86% Cu with a recovery of 72.36%, and the iron concentrate contains 52.24% Fe with a recovery of 70.87%.
Authors: Jie Deng, Guang Xiao Kou, Jia Quan Wu
Abstract: Through designing orthogonal tests, the influence mechanism of iron to the growth of fresh water algae was studied. The results indicated that the initial Fe concentration of 0.3mg/L or above can lead to high algae relative growth rate while the initial Fe concentration under 0.3mg/L can only generate low algae relative growth rate. The consumption of iron in Group LNLP under low initial Fe concentration and Group HNHP under high initial Fe concentration was in synchronism with the consumption of nitrogen and phosphorus. However, in Group HNHP under low initial Fe concentration and Group LNLP under high initial Fe concentration the concentration of iron decreased with the increase of algal biomass before reaching the peak value of algal biomass and it increased after reaching the peak value in contrary. Among all those 25 groups the order of the peak value of algal biomass from big to small is as follows:All-rich Group>Nitrogen-lacked Group>Phosphorus-lacked Group>Iron-lacked Group>All-lacked Group. The lack of Fe content will restrain the growth of algae. In certain concentration rage algal biomass increased with the increasing of Fe content while Fe content will restrain the growth of algae in contrary if beyond the concentration rage.
Authors: Glenn E. Beltz, Margherita Chang, Anna Machová
Authors: Jia Hai Ye, Zheng Hua Wang, Jian Liu
Abstract: A novel fluorescence probe was obtained by click reaction based on the materials of etraphenylethylene (TPE) and 8-hydroxyquinoline, which were used as fluorescent group and accepter group respectively. It displays high selectivity and sensitivity towards Ag+ and Fe3+ in THF-H2O(2:3, v/v) as they can form stable 2:1 metal-ligand complexes.
Authors: I.I. Parfenova, E.I. Yuryeva, Sergey A. Reshanov, V.P. Rastegaev, A.L. Ivanovskii
Authors: Zhe Zhang, Gang Yan, Le Ruan
Abstract: The Self-Assembled (SA) films of glutamic acid derivatives were prepared on the iron surface. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and polarization techniques were used to investigate the protection abilities of these films against iron corrosion in 0.1 M H2SO4 solution. The results of EIS and polarization curves indicated that films of the glutamic acid derivatives were able to protect iron from corrosion effectively.
Authors: D. Prokoshkina, A.O. Rodin, V. Esin
Abstract: The temperature dependence of the bulk diffusion coefficient of Fe in Cu is determined by EDX in the temperature range from 923 to 1273 K, , m2/s. These results are different from that obtained earlier by radiotracer technique: activation energy is less by 30 kJ/mol and pre-exponential factor is 50 times smaller. Deviations from ideality of investigated solutions do not explain the differences; consequently, the thermodynamical factor would not responsible for such an effect. Fast grain boundary diffusion of Fe in Cu was not observed in the temperature range from 823 to 1073 K.
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