Papers by Keyword: Kink Bands

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Authors: Xu Yue Yang, Hiromi Miura, Taku Sakai
515
Authors: Xu Yue Yang, Masayoshi Sanada, Hiromi Miura, Taku Sakai
Abstract: Hot deformation and associated structural changes were studied in compression of a magnesium alloy AZ31 with initial grain sizes (D0) of 22 µm and 90 µm at a temperature of 573K. D0 influences significantly the flow curve and the kinetics of grain refinement during hot deformation. For D0 = 22 µm, grain fragmentation takes place due to frequent formation of kink bands initially at corrugated grain boundaries and then in grain interiors in low strain, followed by full development of new fine grains in high strain. For D0 = 90 µm, in contrast, twinning takes place in coarser original grains, and then kink bands and new fine grains are formed mainly in finer ones at low strains. Then new grains are formed in necklace along the boundaries of coarse original grains, followed by their development into the grain interiors. Grain refinement in the Mg alloy can be concluded to result from a series of deformation-induced continuous reactions, they are essentially similar to continuous dynamic recrystallization (cDRX).
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Authors: Xu Yue Yang, Hiromi Miura, Taku Sakai
Abstract: The deformation behavior and structure changes of magnesium alloy AZ31 were studied in compression at temperatures ranging from 523K to 673K and at a strain rate of 3 x 10-3 s-1. They depend sensitively on deformation temperature. At high temperatures, grain fragmentation takes place due to frequent formation of kink bands initially at corrugated grain boundaries and then in grain interiors, followed by full development of new grains in high strain. At lower temperatures, in contrast, twinning takes place in rather coarse grains and kink bands are formed mainly in finer original ones in low strain. It is concluded that new grain evolution can be controlled by a deformation-induced continuous reaction resulting in grain fragmentation by kink bands, i.e. continuous dynamic recrystallization (cDRX). The latter is discussed comparing with conventional, i.e. discontinuous, DRX.
531
Authors: Xu Yue Yang, Hiromi Miura, Taku Sakai
611
Authors: Xu Yue Yang, Jie Xing, Hiromi Miura, Taku Sakai
Abstract: Strain-induced grain refinement in a magnesium alloy AZ31 was studied in multi-directional forging (MDF) at a temperature range from 423K to 623K and at a strain rate of 3x10-3s-1. MDF with a pass strain of 0.8 was carried out to high cumulative strains of around 5 with changing of the loading direction during decreasing temperature from pass to pass. The structural changes can be characterized by the evolution of many mutually crossing kink bands at low strains followed by increase in their number and misorientation, finally resulting in a fully developed fine-grains at high strains. MDF with decreasing temperature can accelerate the evolution of much finer grains and the improvement of plastic workability. An average grain size of 0.3 μm is formed at an accumulative strain of 4.8 and at 423K. It is concluded that grain refinement under MDF conditions occurs by a series of deformation-induced continuous reactions; that is essentially similar to continuous dynamic recrystallization (cDRX).
521
Authors: Janis Andersons, E. Spārniņš
Abstract: Natural fibers of plant origin are finding non-traditional applications as reinforcement of composite materials. The mechanical properties of fibers exhibit considerable scatter, being affected by the natural variability in plant as well as the damage accumulated during processing. For bast fibers, the primary damage mode is kink bands – zones of misaligned cellulose microfibrils extending across the fiber and oriented roughly perpendicularly to its axis. Another feature typical for natural fibers and contributing to the scatter of fiber strength is the variability of diameter along a fiber length and among the fibers. An analytical expression for the distribution of the longitudinal tensile strength of bast fibers has been derived, accounting for the strength variability of intact fibers and the effect of kink bands. Upon determining the relevant parameters from fiber damage and geometry characteristics by means of optical microscopy, the theoretical strength distribution function has been found to agree reasonably well with the test results of elementary flax fibers.
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