Papers by Keyword: Laser Peening

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Authors: Zi Wen Cao, Shui Li Gong, Yu Gao
Abstract: Laser shock peening (LSP) is widely known as a cold-worked surface treatment, and this technology has been to greatly improve the fatigue life of many metallic components. Our works focused on laser shock peening with Nd: glass laser system (pulse duration 30ns) and square laser spot size of 4mm×4mm for TC17 titanium alloy. Surface morphology, residual stresses and fatigue performance had been studied for TC17 alloy specimens and blades processed by LSP treatment. The results show that plastic strains in shocked dents become more homogeneous than ones produced by original circle spot with gaussian energy distribution. Surface residual stresses which measured using x-ray diffraction method showed different characteristic as varying specimen thickness, and LSP with overlapping ratio of 8% provided uniform residual stresses on peened surface. Low fluence peening which was implemented at borderline of peened surface was effective to diminish the stress gradient. Compared with mechanical shot peening, LSP attained smoother surface, lower microhardness and better fatigue performance. In a word, Square-spot LSP is an excellent way to improve fatigue life of titanium blade.
2378
Authors: Cheng Wang, Zhi Lin Lai, Dong Sun, Liu Cheng Zhou, Zhi Bin An
Abstract: The mechanical properties of 1Cr11Ni2W2MoV stainless steel after laser peening (LP) and ultrasonic shot peening (USP) were examined and compared. The stainless steel specimens were treated with the two different surface processing techniques. X-ray diffractometry (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), microhardness tester were used to investigate microstructure and mechanical properties. Vibration fatigue tests of untreated, LPed and USPed samples were also conducted. The results indicated that LP treatment can improved the fatigue life of 1Cr11Ni2W2MoV stainless steel more effectively. The increases of the compressive residual stress depth and microhardness in surface layer after LP were greater than that of USP. The SEM studies showed that USP treatment had an advantage in microstructure refinement. The compressive residual stresses make great contributions to the superiority of LP in the improvement of fatigue life of 1Cr11Ni2W2MoV stainless steel to USP.
2107
Authors: Koichi Akita, Hirotomo Tanaka, Yuji Sano, Shin Ichi Ohya
Abstract: Microscopic residual stress distribution on laser-irradiated materials was measured using a synchrotron radiation source. Intense laser pulses were irradiated in water to high tensile strength steel and austenitic stainless steel without any surface coating. Residual stress was measured in a laser-irradiated spot (0D), line (1D) and area (2D) on the materials in order to clarify the evolution process of residual stress. Tensile residual stresses were observed in the laser single pulse irradiated spot (0D). In the line (1D) and area (2D) irradiation, however, the tensile residual stress gradually changed into compressive side as the density of irradiated laser pulses increased. In case of laser irradiation in water, resulting residual stress is considered to be the sum of a tensile stress component by thermal effect and a compressive one by plastic deformation due to shock wave. The tensile stress component remains constant even if the laser pulse density increases, because the thermal effect may be reset every pulse, whereas the compressive stress component increases with laser pulse density, until the saturation of plastic deformation. As a result, the surface residual stress changes into compression with increasing the laser pulse density.
370
Authors: Koichi Akita, Masatoshi Kuroda, Philip J. Withers
Abstract: Residual stress induced by laser single pulse irradiation was analyzed using a dynamic finite element code, ABAQUS/Explicit. The effects of the magnitude and length of a surface pressure pulse having a circular top-hat shape on the final residual stress in Ti-6Al-4V were investigated. A high peak pressure and/or a long pulse duration was effective in generating large compressive residual stress deep beneath the surface. However, large tensile residual stress features occurred near the centre and edge of the laser spot on the surface for high pressure and/or long pulse durations due to a radial focusing effect. Use of shorter pulse durations avoided this. The peak pressure (3GPa) required to induce a surface compressive residual stress across the whole area of the spot was slightly higher than the threshold pressure needed to plastically deform the surface.
135
Authors: Hong Chao Qiao, Ji Bin Zhao, Yi Xiang Zhao, Lun Li
Abstract: Laser peening offers potential advantages over conventional peen technologies in terms of the depth of the residual stresses that can be induced, and improvements in surface micro-hardness. The present study was undertaken to understand the effect of laser penning on the properties of titanium alloy, a TC4 titanium alloy work-piece was processed with ND: YAG laser with the wavelength of 1064 nm, pulse energy of 0-10J and pulse width of 12ns, and micro-hardness and residual stress for different laser peening parameters were examined and analyzed by micro-hardness tester and X-ray diffraction. Results are presented and discussed of the residual stress profiles and the micro-hardness profiles, The experimental results show that the satisfying laser peening appearance can be achieved when the pulse energy was 6J, water tamping layer thickness was 1.8mm and ablative layer thickness was 100μm, surface micro-hardness increased by up to 33% and the compressive residual stress on the surface of laser shocked area reached up to-327.8MPa, laser peening improved hardness and residual stress of titanium alloy significantly. The experiment results show that the effect of laser peening was evidently.
208
Authors: Hong Chao Qiao, Ji Bin Zhao, Yi Xiang Zhao, Lun Li
Abstract: Laser peening offers potential advantages over conventional peen technologies in terms of the depth of the residual stresses that can be induced, and improvements in surface micro-hardness. The present study was undertaken to understand the effect of laser penning on the properties of titanium alloy, a TC4 titanium alloy work-piece was processed with ND: YAG laser with the wavelength of 1064 nm, pulse energy of 0-10J and pulse width of 12ns, and micro-hardness and residual stress for different laser peening parameters were examined and analyzed by micro-hardness tester and X-ray diffraction. Results are presented and discussed of the residual stress profiles and the micro-hardness profiles, The experimental results show that the satisfying laser peening appearance can be achieved when the pulse energy was 6J, water tamping layer thickness was 1.8mm and ablative layer thickness was 100μm, surface micro-hardness increased by up to 33% and the compressive residual stress on the surface of laser shocked area reached up to-327.8MPa, laser peening improved hardness and residual stress of titanium alloy significantly. The experiment results show that the effect of laser peening was evidently.
246
Authors: Omar Hatamleh, Lloyd Hackel, Scott Forth
Abstract: The influence of laser peening on the fatigue crack growth behavior of friction stir welded (FSW) Aluminum Alloy (AA) 7075-T7351 sheets was investigated. The surface modification resulting from the peening process on the fatigue crack growth of FSW was assessed for two different R ratios. The investigation indicated a significant decrease in fatigue crack growth rates resulting from using laser shock peening compared with unpeened, welded and unwelded specimens. The slower fatigue crack growth rate was attributed to the compressive residual stresses induced by the peening.
675
Authors: Yasuo Ochi, Kiyotaka Masaki, Takashi Matsumura, Yuji Sano, Koichi Akita, Kentaro Kajiwara
Abstract: In order to investigate effects of low energy laser peening (LP) without protective coating on surface fatigue crack growth behavior, rotating bending fatigue tests were carried out on cast Al-Si-Mg aluminum alloy with a pre-cracked round bar type specimens. As the results, the fatigue crack growth was restrained by the compressive residual stress induced by laser peening treatment. And also, the three dimensional (3D) image of surface fatigue cracks was reconstructed by using a micro computed tomography (μCT) with phase contrast technique. It was also shown that the surface crack growth was restrained for the laser peened materials.
255
Authors: Yuji Sano, T. Adachi, Koichi Akita, I. Altenberger, M.A. Cherif, Berthold Scholtes, Kiyotaka Masaki, Yasuo Ochi, Tatsuo Inoue
Abstract: Laser peening without protective coating (LPwC) has been applied to metallic materials using low energy pulses of a Q-switched and frequency-doubled Nd:YAG laser. Compressive residual stresses of several hundred megapascals were imparted on the surface of the materials. Redistribution of the residual stress in the top surface due to thermal loading was evaluated non-destructively by synchrotron radiation of SPring-8. Accelerating stress corrosion cracking (SCC) tests showed that LPwC prohibited SCC of sensitized materials. LPwC largely prolonged the fatigue lives of titanium alloys, aluminum alloys and austenitic stainless steels.
1589
Authors: R.H. Shen, J.Z. Lu, J.W. Zhong, L. Zhang, Kai Yu Luo, Y.K. Zhang
Abstract: Laser shock processing (LSP, also known as Laser shock peening) is applied by using a high energy pulsed laser to create a high amplitude stress wave or shock wave on the surface to be treated. LSP is proved to be superior to conventional treatments such as shot peening in many engineering products. This paper focuses on Laser shock processing and its effects on mechanical properties of material AISI 8620 alloys steel. Experiment results indicated that compared with base material, the surface hardness increased by 13.8%, and compressive residual stress increased by 521%. Statistical method was introduced to analyze hardness and residual stress change before and after the LSP.
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