Papers by Keyword: Lead-Free Piezoelectric

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Authors: Kiyotaka Tanaka, Kenichi Kakimoto, Hitoshi Ohsato
Abstract: The development of lead-free piezoelectric materials has been required from the viewpoint of environmental preservation. We focused the lead-free KNbO3-based systems, and used a chemical solution deposition (CSD) process to obtain their precursor. (Na1-xKx)NbO3 precursor solutions were prepared from metal alkoxides and solvents such as absolute ethanol and 2-methoxyethanol. Crystallization behavior of the precursor gels obtained from the above solutions was investigated by the thermogravimetry differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA) measurement.
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Authors: Satoshi Wada, Koichi Yako, Tomomitsu Muraishi, Hirofumi Kakemoto, Takaaki Tsurumi
Abstract: For the [111] oriented barium titanate (BaTiO3) single crystals, the patterning electrode was applied to induce the finer engineered domain configurations with domain size of 3 2m. The poling treatment was performed at 134 °C under electric fields below 6 kV/cm to inhibit the burning of the patterning electrode with photoresist. As the results, the gradient domain sizes from 3 to 8-9 2m were induced into the 31 resonator. The d31 was measured at -243.2 pC/N, and this value was almost 70 % of the expected d31 of –337.7 pC/N for the resonator with domain size of 3 2m. This difference was originated from lower applied electric field below 6 kV/cm. However, this study was revealed that the patterning electrode was very powerful tool to induce much finer domain sizes below 5 2m.
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Authors: Chun Huy Wang
Abstract: Extending the investigations on (Na0.5K0.5)NbO3-based solid solution for lead-free piezoelectric ceramics, this paper consider the complex solid-solution system (Na0.5K0.5)NbO3–Bi0.5(Na0.85K0.15)0.5TiO3 [NKN-BNKT]. (Na0.5K0.5)NbO3 with 2 ~ 6 mol% Bi0.5(Na0.85K0.15)0.5TiO3 has been prepared following the conventional mixed oxide process. A morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) between orthorhombic (O) and hexagonal (H) was found at the composition 0.96NKN-0.04BNKT with correspondingly enhanced dielectric and piezoelectric properties. The electromechanical coupling factor and dielectric constant are higher for compositions near the MPB. The dielectric constant (KT33), planar coupling coefficient (kp) and thickness coupling coefficient (kt)of 0.96NKN-0.04BNKT ceramics were 1273, 34% and 38%, respectively.
152
Authors: Chun Huy Wang
Abstract: In this paper, the effects of Bi2O3 addition on the electrical and physical properties of 0.98(Na0.5K0.5)NbO3-0.02(Na0.5Bi0.5)TiO3 were investigated. The 0.98(Na0.5K0.5)NbO3 -0.02(Na0.5Bi0.5)TiO3 [0.98NKN-0.02NBT] ceramics with the addition of 0~0.5 wt% Bi2O3 have been prepared following the conventional mixed oxide process. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that, during sintering, all of the (Na0.5Bi0.5)TiO3 diffuse into the lattice of ((Na0.5Bi0.5))NbO3 to form a solid solution, in which a orthorhombic phase with a perovskite structure was found. For 0.98NKN-0.02NBT ceramics by doping 0.1 wt% Bi2O3, the poled dielectric constant (K33T) and the electromechanical coupling coefficients of the planar mode kp reach 684 and 0.38, respectively, after sintering at 1100 °C for 3 h. Our results show that 0.98NKN-0.02NBT with the addition of 0.1 wt% Bi2O3 is a good lead-free piezoelectric ceramic.
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Authors: Chun Huy Wang
Abstract: In this paper, the effects of Bi2O3 addition on the electrical and physical properties of 0.98(Na0.5K0.5)NbO3-0.02(Na0.5Bi0.5)TiO3 were investigated. The 0.98(Na0.5K0.5)NbO3 -0.02(Na0.5Bi0.5)TiO3 [0.98NKN-0.02NBT] ceramics with the addition of 0~0.5 wt% Bi2O3 have been prepared following the conventional mixed oxide process. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that, during sintering, all of the (Na0.5Bi0.5)TiO3 diffuse into the lattice of (Na0.5K0.5)NbO3 to form a solid solution, in which a orthorhombic phase with a perovskite structure was found. For 0.98NKN-0.02NBT ceramics by doping 0.1 wt% Bi2O3, the poled dielectric constant (K33T) and the electromechanical coupling coefficients of the planar mode kp reach 684 and 0.38, respectively, after sintering at 1100 °C for 3 h. Our results show that 0.98NKN-0.02NBT with the addition of 0.1 wt% Bi2O3 is a good lead-free piezoelectric ceramic.
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Authors: Vijayeta Pal, R.K. Dwivedi
Abstract: Piezoelectric materials have wide applications in today’s advanced technologies. However, most commercially used piezoelectric material PZT (PbZr1-xTixO3) is now strictly restricted worldwide due to hazardous nature of Pb. Research for the development of new lead free materials with properties comparable to that of PZT is in progress in recent years. In the present work, an effort has been made to synthesize low amount of rare earth gadolinium modified (Bi1-xGdx)0.5Na0.5TiO3 (BGNT) with compositions (x) = 0, 0.02, 0.03 and 0.04 by a novel Semi–Wet Technique. The structural, microstructure, phase transition and dielectric properties have been investigated. The XRD patterns have shown single phase formation for all the samples with a rhombohedral symmetry at RT. Gd3+ doping has shown a significant effect on the grain growth. The dielectric measurement has been carried out over the temperature range from RT to 400 oC at 1, 10 and 100 kHz frequency. It has been observed from the εr vs T plots that two phase transitions (i) ferroelectric to anti-ferroelectric and (ii) anti ferroelectric to paraelectric occur in all the samples. The composition with x = 0.02 has shown significantly high value of dielectric constant (εr ~ 1567) and low value of dielectric loss (Tan δ ~ 0.043) at room temperature.
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Authors: Thanapong Sareein, Muangjai Unruan, Athipong Ngamjarurojana, Supon Ananta, Rattikorn Yimnirun
Abstract: Lead-free, bismuth sodium titanate-potassium sodium niobate piezoelectric ceramics (Bi1/2Na1/2)TiO3-(K1/2Na1/2)NbO3 have been prepared by a conventional mixed-oxide method via vibro-milling technique. The (K1/2Na1/2)NbO3 (KNN)-based compositions with a morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) have shown greater advantages over another typical lead-free piezoelectric candidate material system, (Bi1/2Na1/2)TiO3 (BNT)-based MPB materials. More importantly, when used this type of material is often subjected to self-induced or external stress. It is, therefore, of interest to investigate influence of stress on properties of the ceramics. In this study, the influences of compressive stress on the dielectric properties of BNT-KNN ceramics were investigated. The dielectric properties were determined under compressive stress applied parallel to electric field. The results indicate significant changes of both properties with the imposed compressive stress. The results were explained in terms of non-180˚ domain switching and de-aging of the dielectric properties under the influence of the applied stress.
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Authors: Y.-J. Son, Y.G. Choi, Joon Chul Kwon, K.W. Cho, Young Moon Kim, Soon Young Kweon, Tae Whan Hong, Young Geun Lee, Sung Lim Ryu, Man Soon Yoon, Soon Chul Ur
Abstract: In an approach to acclimate ourselves to the recent ecological consciousness trends, a lead free piezoelectric material, bismuth sodium barium titanate (Bi0.5Na0.5)0.94Ba0.06TiO3 (BNBT), was considered as an environment-friendly alternative to the PZT system. A perovskite BNBT was synthesized by the conventional bulk ceramic processing technique.La2O3 as a dopant was incorporated into the BNBT system up to 0.025 mol, and the doping effects on subsequent piezoelectric and dielectric properties were systematically investigated. In the case of La2O3 addition, the formation of grain boundary coherency was remarkably increased, and the sintered density was increased with increasing La2O3 contents. Piezoelectric and dielectric properties were shown to have the maximum value at 0.02 mol of La2O3 addition. La3+ ions were believed to act as a softener in the BNBT system and to enhance dielectric and piezoelectric properties in this study.
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Authors: Pin Yi Chen, Cheng Sao Chen, Chen Chia Chou, Tseung Yuen Tseng, Haydn Chen
Abstract: Second phase and defect formation mechanism of (Bi0.5(Na1-xKx)0.5)TiO3 (BNKT100x) ceramics were investigated using electron microscopy, x-ray photoelectron spectroscope (XPS) and electrical properties measurements. Experimental results indicated that second phase formation induces Bi-rich regions and compositional inhomogeneity within matrix due to thermodynamic stability of potassium titanate. Ti valence transition for BNKT ceramics sintered in air might be ascribed to formation of the secondary phase, rather than simply attributed to volatilization of bismuth. Li substitution at A-site in BNKT ceramics suppresses formation of the second phase and Ti valence transition. Appropriate Li doped BNKT ceramics suppress oxygen vacancies and titanium valence transition, and therefore decrease the leakage current.
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Authors: Yu Hua Zhen, Dai Shan Wei, Cui Ping Jia, Zhi De Ha
Abstract: 5wt%B2O3-doped (Li,K,Na)NbO3 (abbreviated as LKNN-B5)-based lead-free piezoelectric ceramics were prepared via solid state synthesis. The electrical humidity sensitive properties of LKNN-B5 ceramics were examined and compared with pure LKNN ceramics. The results revealed thatB2O3 doping enhanced electrical stability of LKNN-based ceramics in relative humidity (RH) range of 33-95%. The capacitance change was suppressed from 105% down to 43% when doped with B2O3. The average absorption time was reduced from 5.5 min to 1.5 min, and desorption time decreased from 8.5 min to 2.0 min. The enhanced electrical stability of LKNN-B5 series was attributed to the dense structure induced by liquid phase sintering.
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