Papers by Keyword: Lethargy Coefficient

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Authors: Joon Hyuk Song, Hyu Sun Yu, Hee Yong Kang, Sung Mo Yang
Abstract: Resistance spot welding is used extensively to fasten sheet for automotive applications. In many components, these welds should maintain their integrity under severe loading conditions. However fatigue strength of the spot welded joint is considerably lower than base metal due to stress concentration at the nugget edge, and is influenced by its geometrical and mechanical factors such as welding condition and etc. In this paper, it is estimated that effect of strain rate variation on fatigue life of spot welded joint. The analytical method proposed to overcome above difficult using lethargy coefficient concept for evaluating the fatigue life cycle of spot welded joint. The reliability of the life cycle is completed by comparing with the life cycle obtained by fatigue test for the specimen with the welding current. And the above procedure is numerically extended to get the life of dynamic strain rate region.
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Authors: Su Rok Sin, Sung Mo Yang, Hyo Sun Yu, Chai Won Kim, Hee Yong Kang
Abstract: The welding quality of spot weldment is an important factor that significantly affects the strength, stiffness, safety, and other performance characteristics of vehicles. Therefore, quality control and fatigue life evaluation of spot weldment are necessary processes. This paper presents a method for determining the fatigue life of multi-lap spot weldment of a high strength steel sheet. In this method, the fatigue life is estimated by using the lethargy coefficient, which is the total defect coefficient according to rupture stress and time obtained by the quasi static tensile-shear test. Also, in this study, we modified the lethargy coefficient by using the welding current. And, we define a specific lapping constant, which is a characteristic constant of 2 or 3 lap weldments. The fatigue life obtained by the fatigue estimate equation, which contains a specific lapping constant was compared and verified with an experimental value. And we analyzed the relation of lap number, welding current and fatigue life. This method can save processing time and cost for predicting the life cycle of a structure.
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Authors: Seung Chul Shin, Sung Mo Yang, Hyo Sun Yu, Hee Yong Kang, Chae Won Kim
Abstract: This paper shows how the number of lap of spot welded joints in automotive steel sheets changes the life -cycle transform of itself. There has been significant developments in the life extension of automotive steel sheets, as well as in passenger safety. We verified the validity of the S-N curve of materials by QSTS test. Moreover, we used EZNCEN and HS40R, which are commonly used as automotive steel sheets because of their excellence in increasing fuel efficiency. The purpose of research was to compare the fatigue life of multi - lap of spot welded joints to there. In addition s, we used the two different kinds of sheets together in the same welding under the same condition. Through this whole process, the hypothesis on the life cycle of lethargy coefficients was found to be in good agreement with the result of the experiment. That is, when using sheets of the same materials in one welding, the fatigue life of two laps of a spot welded joint was found to be much superior by EZNCEN 5~14%, HS40R 17~30%,and when using each sheet of different materials, we found the decrease in fatigue life by 6~16%. Finally, the best value from the data was chosen based on the experiment for the analysis of the fatigue life of each layer.
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