Papers by Keyword: Life Prediction

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Authors: Phani C.R. Sree, Daniel Kujawski
Abstract: The Smith-Watson-Topper (SWT) parameter was originally suggested and is still widely used to account for mean stress effects in fatigue life analysis. It is well recognized however, that the SWT parameter might be non-conservative for cyclic loads that involve relatively large compressive mean stresses. Such large compressive mean stresses can develop in notches after overloads. An energy interpretation of the SWT parameter is presented first. Based on analogy with the Neuber’s rule a new deviatoric formulation of the SWTD parameter is proposed. It is found that for positive mean stresses and moderate negative mean stresses the original SWT parameter and the proposed deviatoric SWTD parameter yield similar results. At large compressive mean stresses and non-proportional biaxial fatigue, the deviatoric SWTD parameter demonstrates a fairly good correlation to test data while the original SWT parameter results in wide scatter.
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Authors: De Zhong Huang, Ji Hua Wu, Guo Yong Xu, Feng Ruan, Xiao Bao Zhao, Guo Hua Wang
Abstract: The photometric, electrical, thermal and life features of LEDs are highly dependent on each other. All these factors should be considered together in order to optimize the operating point of LEDs. A thermal life theory about LEDs is developed. This theory shows the inner inks among photometric thermal and 1ife features of a LED. A life prediction model of LEDs and the relationship between output luminous flux and lifetime was found out by this theory. The life of LEDs can be predicted and find the proper operating point, at which the LED will generate the maximum amount of luminous flux in its total life cycle.
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Authors: Peng Yue, Qiang Lei, Cheng Lin Zhang, Shun Peng Zhu, Hong Zhong Huang
Abstract: To evaluate the fatigue damage accumulation and predict the residual life of components at different stress levels, this paper proposed a modified cumulative damage model based on the strain energy density parameter. Noting that mean stress and load interaction under uniaxial fatigue loading exhibit significant effects on fatigue damage accumulation and life prediction. According to this, a new model based on damaged stress model which considers the effects of mean stress and load interaction was presented in this paper. The proposed model was verified by using four experimental data sets of aluminium alloys and steels. The experimental results are compared with those of the Miner’s rule, damaged stress model (DSM) and damaged energy model (DEM). Results show that the proposed model agrees better with the experimental observations than others.
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Authors: Vincent Velay, Denis Delagnes, Gérard Bernhart
Abstract: Cyclic behavior and life prediction of two tempered martensitic steels (AISI H11 and L6) are investigated under thermo-mechanical loading conditions. Two non isothermal constitutive models developed in the same framework of the thermodynamics of irreversible processes are introduced. The first one, in relation with the tempering state, considers the fatigue-ageing phenomena whereas the second one is intended to take into account more complex loading paths. This last non unified approach allows to define different strain mechanisms which can be related to microstructural considerations. The strain-stress parameters provided by both approaches can be introduced into a lifetime model which is based on continuum damage mechanics.
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Authors: Yu Han, Ke Sheng Wang
Abstract: With the purpose of long-cycle safe operation of cold stretched austenitic stainless steel pressure vessels so as to achieve unification of economy and safety, prediction of fatigue life of S31603 austenitic stainless steel at high temperature is systematic studied. Based on the Hull-Rimmer cavity theory, a fatigue life prediction model applicable to stress controlled is developed. Fatigue test is carried out on the solution annealed and cold stretched S31603 steel at high temperature and corresponding test data is obtained. The fatigue life of the solution annealed and cold stretched materials is predicted by the model and the prediction results are in good agreement with the experimental results. On this basis, the life prediction model coupled with the strain level of cold stretching is further established. Compared with the test data, the prediction results is found to be very satisfactory with an error band less than ±1.5 times. The fatigue life prediction model suitable for stress control at high temperature is simple in form and has a clear and obvious physical significance which points out a new way to predict fatigue life of metal materials.
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Authors: Xi Jia Wu
Abstract: This paper presents an integrated creep-fatigue (ICF) theory to describe the non-linear creep-fatigue interaction during thermomechanical loading. The ICF theory recognizes the damage evolution as a holistic process consisting of nucleation and propagation of surface or subsurface cracks in coalescence with internally distributed damage, leading to final fracture. In a polycrystalline material under combined cyclic and dwell loading, crack nucleation and propagation occurs by fatigue or oxidation mechanisms, whereas internally distributed damage often occurs in the form of grain boundary cavities or microcracks due to creep or dwell effects, particularly at high temperatures. Based on the above mechanism, a damage evolution equation is mathematically derived, and the generality of the above physical mechanisms warrants the applicability of the ICF theory over a wide range of stresses and temperatures. This paper uses Mar-M 509, a cobalt base superalloy, as an example to illustrate how the ICF theory describes creep and low cycle fatigue (LCF).
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Authors: Xiao Chuang Tao, Chen Lu
Abstract: Along with the constantly updated aircraft structure design, higher performance and reliability design indexes as well as usage of a large portion of new materials especially lightweight composite materials put forward higher requirements for aircraft structure safety. The damage detection, diagnosis, forecast and management become an important part of aircraft Prognostics and Health Management(PHM).In order to better build the Structural Prognostics and Health Management system of a new generation aircraft for the improvement of security, task reliability and economy, this paper introduced the development situation of aircraft composite structural health monitoring and life prediction technologies, classified the existing technologies, and then discussed the principle, quality point, applicability and application situation, finally, pointed out several critical issues which still need further study.
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Authors: Toshihiko Hoshide, Yasunori Sata
Abstract: Cracking behavior in low cycle fatigue regime depends on the level and the multiaxiality of the applied stress and also on the microstructure. Such a complex cracking behavior affects failure life significantly. More realistic assessments of failure life and integrity require a new appropriate procedure to analyze the crack growth process in multiaxial fatigue. A model of the fatigue process has been proposed to describe the cracking behavior in biaxial stress state. There is, however, no adequate model to present features of material microstructure. In this work, simulations of crack initiation and propagation based on a previous model were carried out in microstructure modeled by using Voronoi-polygon. In a crack initiation analysis, slip-band crack was modeled for the slip system given randomly in each grain composing the modeled microstructure. In modeling crack growth, a competition model between the coalescence growth and the propagation as a single crack was applied. Simulated cracking morphology and failure life were compared with experimental results observed in biaxial fatigue using circumferentially notched specimens of a pure copper, and the applicability of the proposed model was discussed.
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Authors: Masaaki Igarashi, Koji Moriguchi, Seiichi Muneki, Fujio Abe, Yasuharu Shirai
Abstract: Creep deformation mechanism of the steels with a different matrix, α (ferrite), α’ (martensite) and γ (austenite), and precipitates such as MX and M23C6 has been analyzed using positron annihilation lifetime measurement. The positron annihilation lifetime has been found to be a very useful tool for evaluating the characteristic creep damage of the steels with different microstructure and the corresponding microstructural evolution during creep deformation. The creep deformation process of the α steel is heterogeneous, while the α’+M23C6 steel exhibits gradual changes in the creep rate in both transient and acceleration creep regions with the largest off-set strain, implying the homogeneous creep deformation. The α’+M23C6+ MX steel is in between the α and α’+M23C6 steels. The homogeneous creep deformation takes place in the γ steel.
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Authors: Zhi Ping Ding, Ming Li, Teng Fei Wang, Rong Hua Yang
Abstract: Based on micro structure of Ni-based single crystal superalloy, a γ/γ’ two-phase unit cell finite element model was established, and its cyclic stress-strain was simulated under tension/torsion cyclic loading. A low cycle fatigue (LCF) life prediction model of single crystal superalloy was proposed by using cyclic plasticity strain energy as a parameter based on energy dissipation theory. Calculation results of macro finite element model and γ/γ’ two-phase unit cell micro finite element model, and multiaxial LCF test data of CMSX-2 Ni-based single crystal superalloy along [001] orientation were applied to fit the LCF life model by multiple linear regression. The results show that the unit cell model not only reflects the microstructure characteristics of single crystal Ni-based superalloy, but also is better than the macro model in accuracy of analysis, and greatly improve the accuracy of fatigue life prediction. Almost test data fall into the factor of 2.0 scatter band.
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