Papers by Keyword: Longitudinal Crack

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Authors: Hui Min Hu, Yong Yao Tong, Wang Li Zhang
Abstract: Large stone porous asphalt mixes have well drainage ability, as well as higher modulus and durability when used as base course. Large stone porous asphalt mixes have good effect on repairing the semi-rigid base course which have longitudinal cracks. It not only can delay the reflection of cracks, but also plays the role of excluding water in structural layer owing to relatively large porosity. Deflection value of upper base's top surface decreases and deflection difference between left and right wheel track reduces after paving large-stone asphalt mixes upper base. When there are longitudinal cracks in lower base course, top surface tensile stress of upper base(large-stone asphalt mixes flexible upper base course)has significantly reduced compared with semi-rigid base course upper base. And maximum shear stress declined slightly. It can play a very well crack resistance effect when using large-stone asphalt mixes to repair broken cement stability upper base.
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Authors: A Li Mu Jiang Yiming, Re Zi Wan Maimaiti
Abstract: This paper presented a method of building the view image for Driving Simulator based on various road profiles and crack information by considering the damage road such as roughness road and crack. The main property of this method is that we can obtain the data profile only from several photographs of the road. Therefore, it is flexible and efficient.
747
Authors: T. Dirgantara, I.S. Putra, A.A. Sucipto, A. Jusuf
Abstract: The presence of cracks or similar imperfections can considerably reduce the buckling load of a shell structure. In this paper, buckling analysis of cylindrical shells with a longitudinal crack is presented. Numerical buckling analyses of cylindrical shells were performed using FEM, and verified by experiment. The numerical analyses and experiments were conducted for several crack lengths and radius of curvature, and two different boundary conditions were applied, i.e. simply support and clamp in all sides. The results show the effect of the presence of crack to the critical buckling load of the shells. There are good agreements between experimental and numerical results.
49
Authors: Chun Gen Wei, Hai Bo Jiang, Fei Xin Huang, Shi Wu Ouyang, Xiang Long
Abstract: The longitudinal cracks in the bottom slab of box girder have been found in lots of prestressed concrete continuous girder bridges in China, and the disease has been common by now. In this paper, a review of the causes of longitudinal crack is given. Then an analysis model is established by MIDAS/Civil 2006 to analyze the causes of longitudinal cracks in the bottom slab of an extra-large bridge. In calculations, dead load, vehicle load, prestressed load and temperature load etc are considered, and the distributions of transverse stress are obtained under three load combinations. The results show that the downward force caused by prestressed cables and the eccentric load under motor vehicles are the main factors which cause the appearance of these cracks. Finally, suggestions for the design and construction of such bridges are proposed to prevent the cracks, which can be referenced by relevant people.
2744
Authors: Hong Jiang, Jian Bo Yuan, Hua Yang
Abstract: Overlay new cement concrete pavement on the old cement concrete pavement following different treatment schemes, survey pavement cracking phenomenon after the opening of the new pavement , analysis the crack resistance of the various programs, accumulate experience for the cement concrete pavement repair technical solutions.
440
Authors: Yi Jing Cai, Wei Zhang, Wei Ping Zhang
Abstract: This paper presents a study on reinforcement of timber columns with longitudinal cracks strengthened by CFRP sheets under eccentric compression. An experimental program using special eccentric compression hinged-support was proposed to identify the failure modes and to investigate the recovery in load carrying capacity. Different combinations of eccentric distance and directions of the eccentric plane related to that of the crack plane were considered. This test can provide detailed experimental data for the application of CFRP strengthening on timber columns under eccentric compression which is an efficient method to maintain the original historical structure.
3132
Authors: Ling Chen, Guo Bin Tang
Abstract: Longitudinal crack in bottom flange is one of the most common defects in concrete box girder bridges. This paper focuses on the influence of the longitudinal cracks on the mechanical properties of box girder using numerical method. Smear crack model and strain softening model was employed to simulate cracking process. Parameter analysis was also carried out to study the effect of length, crack depth and amounts of cracks in bottom flange. The results indicate longitudinal cracks in one span have a significant effect on the transverse stress and deflection, but have little effect on the other spans. The negative effects of longitudinal cracks increase with the crack length and depth. When the crack length is up to 10% of the girder span, the deflection of the span amplifies to 13%. Compared with the length and depth, the amounts of cracks don’t have much influence on the deformation of girder but affect stress.
773
Authors: Fritz Klocke, A. Timmer, F. Schongen
Abstract: During cold-forming operations the formability of the materials can be reached due to the low process temperature, leading to crack initiation. For the investigated case-hardening steel 16MnCrS5 longitudinal cracks and shear cracks are identified as the main crack types. The evolution of both crack types is determined by scanning electron microscope (SEM)-investigations and a simplified finite element method (FEM)-model. The results reveal that the initiation point of shear cracks is located at the surface. In contrast thereto longitudinal cracks emanate from second phase particles in the rim zone.
741
Authors: Liang Liang Yang, Jun Dong, Jie He, Tian Liang
Abstract: The cable-stayed bridge which has been found longitudinal cracks in tower is taken as the background, combining with the original design information and the results of bridge inspection. The numerical simulation on temperature effect of cable tower has been done with MIDAS/Civil, and the results have the same trend with observed in bridge inspection, indicating that the cracks in tower probably are caused by temperature effect. Then, some suggestions are raised in the end of this paper about how to deal with these cracks. This work could be a valuable reference for similar large cable-stayed bridge. And the temperature stress should be paid more attention in design process to avoid appearance of temperature cracks which affect beauty and durability of structure.
1626
Authors: Xun Wu, Jie Li, Xian Shui Yi, Zhi Chao Zhang
Abstract: This paper presents a three-dimensional entity model to analyze the creep effection of PC continuous rigid frame bridge and simulate the impact of longitudinal cracks at the bottom of mian span on the deflection briefly with ANSYS software. The result shows that creep amplifies the deflection of bridge and makes the position of maximum deflection move to the center of mian span. And the longitudinal cracks of mian span don’t make great contribution to the deflection of PC continuous rigid frame bridge directly. Actually, the cracks change the stress state of the bridge’s section, which results in the risk of web cracking and further the stiffness degradation of structure. The stiffness degradation increases the defection of bridge to a great degree finally.
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