Papers by Keyword: Mechanical Property

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Authors: Bao Long Shen, Chun Tao Chang, Akihisa Inoue
673
Authors: Nadendla Srinivasababu, J. Suresh Kumar, K. Vijaya Kumar Reddy
Abstract: In the present work a new natural fibre i.e. sacred grass botanically called Imperata Cylindrica is introduced and it belongs to vedic grass family. The fibre is extracted by splitting method and is reinforced into the polyester matrix by hand lay-up technique for the fabrication of tensile, flexural, impact, dielectric test specimens as per ASTM procedures. Highest values of tensile strength (50.96 MPa), modulus (990.86 MPa) are observed for sacred grass fibre reinforced polyester composites at maximum volume fraction of chemically treated fibre. At 14.75 %, 35.89 % sacred grass fibre volume fraction the composites exhibited flexural strength, modulus of 43.19 MPa, 4.81 GPa respectively. Impact strength of 92.53 kJ/m2 is obtained for the composites reinforced with 34.73 % volume fraction of sacred grass fibres. The dielectric strength of the composites varies from 10 to 6.66 kV/mm for composites reinforced with fibres from minimum (6.26 %) to maximum (32.25 %) fibre content.
131
Authors: Shuang Yi Liu, Min Min Tang, Ai Kah Soh, Liang Hong
Abstract: In-situ characterization of the mechanical behavior of geckos spatula has been carried out in detail using multi-mode AFM system. Combining successful application of a novel AFM mode, i.e. Harmonix microscopy, the more detail elastic properties of spatula is brought to light. The results obtained show the variation of the mechanical properties on the hierarchical level of a seta, even for the different locations, pad and stalk of the spatula. A model, which has been validated using the existing experimental data and phenomena as well as theoretical predictions for geckos adhesion, crawling and self-cleaning of spatulae, is proposed in this paper. Through contrast of adhesive and craw ability of the gecko on the surfaces with different surface roughness, and measurement of the surface adhesive behaviors of Teflon, the most effective adhesion of the gecko is more dependent on the intrinsic properties of the surface which is adhered.
101
Authors: Shuang Yi Liu, Min Min Tang, Ai Kah Soh, Liang Hong
Abstract: In-situ characterization of the mechanical behavior of geckos spatula has been carried out in detail using multi-mode AFM system. Combining successful application of a novel AFM mode, i.e. Harmonix microscopy, the more detail elastic properties of spatula is brought to light. The results obtained show the variation of the mechanical properties on the hierarchical level of a seta, even for the different locations, pad and stalk of the spatula. A model, which has been validated using the existing experimental data and phenomena as well as theoretical predictions for geckos adhesion, crawling and self-cleaning of spatulae, is proposed in this paper. Through contrast of adhesive and craw ability of the gecko on the surfaces with different surface roughness, and measurement of the surface adhesive behaviors of Teflon, the most effective adhesion of the gecko is more dependent on the intrinsic properties of the surface which is adhered.
85
Authors: José S. Machado
Abstract: Survey of existing timber structures often includes the need to allocate mechanical properties to structural timber members. This task has to take into account the huge variability of timbers properties (within and between species), characteristic that differentiates this material from other structural materials (e.g. concrete and steel). For many decades, and still now, the application of visual strength standards is the main or only procedure used for this task. Despite the large number of other non and semi-destructive technique developed their regular application to in situ assessment of timbers mechanical properties is still almost non-existent. The present paper discusses possible ways to use and combine information from visual grading standards and non and semi-destructive techniques to predict the reference properties of timber members in service. The discussion has in mind studies conducted over the last years and the information provided by different guidelines, standards or papers recently published.
137
Authors: Byeong Ho Kim, Kyung Chul Park, Sung Hak Lee, Yong Ho Park, Ik Min Park
Abstract: The fracture behavior of Mg-5Al-1Zn and Mg-5Al-1Zn-3Sn alloy was investigated by direct observation of microfracture process using an in-situ loading stage installed inside a scanning electron microscope chamber. Crack was initiated at the interface of Mg/second-phase particles or second-phase particles. Fracture of the alloys was predominantly dimple or/and quasi-cleavage failure. The improvement of what could be explained by mechanisms of blocking of crack or shear band propagation, formation of multiple shear bands, crack blunting and shear band branching.
177
Authors: Alain Jacques, Laura Dirand, Jean Philippe Chateau, Thomas Schenk, Olivier Ferry, Pierre Bastie
Abstract: The combination of high temperature (1050°C -1150°C) testing and in situ high energy X-Ray diffraction measurements using synchrotron Three Crystal Diffractometry may give various insights into the mechanical behaviour of superalloys: measurement of the lattice mismatch, order within the ' phase, elastic constants, and dynamic response to changes in the experimental conditions. Several examples are given on the rafted AM1 superalloy, resulting from experiments at the ID15A (ESRF) and BW5 (DESY) high energy beamlines.
48
Authors: Bo Wen Zhang, Yong Da Yan, Zhen Jiang Hu, Xue Sen Zhao, Ying Chun Liang, Wei Dong Fei, Shen Dong
Abstract: As the dimensions of parts become smaller, understanding the mechanical properties of these small components was becoming more important. Till present day, the methods and technology used to investigate the deformation behavior in nanoscale were still lacking. In this paper, the specimens were single crystal copper wires with diameter in 50 microns. Atomic force microscope integrated with an in- situ tensile system were used to determine the mechanical behavior of copper wires and observe the surface topography deformation in nanoscale simultaneously. The results were as follows: the modulus of elasticity, tensile strength and failure strain of the sample were 167Gpa, 0.564GPa and 0.011, respectively. By using AFM, the separation process between the copper wire and impurities on it, such as oxide film, was observed. The nanoscale deformation process of the copper wire was also obtained.
4197
Authors: Li Li Xu, Yu Hao Deng, Ye Wang, Chang Hua Liu, Sheng Peng Liu
Abstract: Polyamide 6 (PA6)/magnesium hydroxide (MH) nanoparticles composites have been prepared by in situ polymerization of ε-caprolactam in the presence of pristine MH and γ-aminopropyl-triethoxysilan ( KH550 ) grafted MHs (MMH). Compared with pure PA6, the tensile strength and elongation at break of PA6/MH and PA6/MMH composites shown obvious increasement and attain maximum at loading of 3 wt% MHs. The tensile strength and elongations at break of PA6/MMH composites exhibited notably enhancement contrast with that of PA6/MH composites. Comparing with PA6/MH composites, the izod impact strength of PA6/MMH composites were also improved. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) shown that MMH particles were homogeneous dispersed in PA6 matrix due to the surface modification of grafting KH550.
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