Papers by Keyword: Modeling

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Authors: Mihály Réger, Balázs Verő, Árpád Szélig
Abstract: This paper deals with the characterization of solidification, cooling and expected properties of continuously cast slabs. Semi-empirical models based on theoretical consideration and on the results of heat transfer model are used for characterization of the following: surface and inner temperature distribution of the cast semis, liquid sump depth and shape, liquid motion intensity resulting in centerline segregation, parameters of the primary dendritic structure (primary and secondary dendritic spacings, columnar to equiaxed transition position, CET). This method provides an opportunity to make a realistic comparison between the solidification and final properties of semis with different chemical compositions as a function of applied casting technologies. The final goal of this research activity in the future is to define a comprehensive quality function for optimizing continuous casting technology.
555
Authors: Dorian Cojocaru, Giuseppe Boccolato, Ionut Dinulescu, Alice Predescu, Florin Manta, Sorin Dumitru
Abstract: This paper presents the architecture, simulation, implementation and control problem for a class of continuum manipulators – the truncated cone tentacle arm. Desired shape for a tentacle robot is obtained by bending each of the three serial connected sections of a continuous backbone. Such tentacle arm has a fixed length but it can achieve any position and orientation in 3D space. A tentacle arm prototype was designed and the practical realization is now running. For this prototype we present a finite element model, for simulation purposes, we propose a kinematic model to be used in the control structure, and we conducted a series of tests regarding the structure behavior, using both sensor and artificial vision analysis. In this paper we present the results of our work.
127
Authors: Huai Wen Wang, Hong Wei Ji, Wen Quan Shao, Hui Miao
Abstract: A series of numerical meso-mechanical models for different kinds of particle (include spherical, cylindrical and discal) reinforced composites are developed to investigate the effect of microstructural parameters on the elastic properties of composites. In these models, an effective interface concept is adopted. Finite element models with prescribed and random parameters are automatically generated in ABAQUS PDE (Python Development Environment). In the simulative investigations, it is observed that the degree of particle clustering and particle’s shape have strong effects on the elastic mechanical properties of composites.
2177
Authors: Adrian Catalin Voicu, Ion Gheorghe Gheorghe, Liliana Laura Badita, Adriana Cirstoiu
Abstract: Three-dimensional scanning is available for more than 15 years, however there are few that have heard of it and as few people know the applications of this technology. 3D scanning is also known as 3D digitizing, the name coming from the fact that this is a process that uses a contact or non-contact digitizing probe to capture the objects form and recreate them in a virtual workspace through a very dense network of points (xyz) as a 3D graph representation. Based on this information have been developed many new applications in many fields - computer games industry, prosthetics or forensic medicine, the arts and culture area - but the most common area where scanning systems are used remains the automotive industry, aircraft and consumer goods. Most automotive manufacturers currently use 3D metrology based on optical or laser systems to validate products quality. The pieces are initially measured by 3D scanning then they are compared with the designed model (CAD file) using a specialized software. By this comparison producer can interfere very quickly in the manufacturing process to remove the cause of defects, this technique being called Reverse Engineering (RE). The overall accuracy of a 3D acquisition system depends above all on the sensors precision and on the acquisition device (acquisition with contact) or acquisition structure (acquisition without contact). This accuracy may vary from micron to millimeter and the acquisitions size from a few points to several thousand points per second. In a perfect world or in an integrated production environment, 3D measuring systems should be able to measure all the necessary parameters in a single step without errors, and to render the results in the same way to the manufacturing networks equipped with computers, in formats useful for machines control and processes management.
519
Authors: Bing Jin Luo
Abstract: The paper proposes a new method to implement 3D simulation for silk fabrics with complicated structure (such as Re-weft texture) based on geometrical model and texture mapping. At First, fitting polynomial curve is used to simulate bending form of the yarn, three-dimensional model of the yarn is generated through the matrix calculation, and computer model of re-weft jacquard silk fabric is put forward by stratification of weft yarn in fabric. Three-dimensional geometric model of re-weft jacquard silk fabric is built based on fabric structure of the Peirce mode and virtual reality modeling language (VRML), light intensity function and illumination model of re-weft fabric are established with Open GL tools hereafter. Also, yarn (in particular deformating filament, colored yarn) images extracted out of actual yarn photographs (in the yarn library), which is scanned by scanners, is applied to yarn models through texture mapping to improve the sense of reality for re-weft jacquard silk fabric.
485
Authors: Joanna M. Dulinska, Anna Galuszka
Abstract: The paper indicates the role of 3D modeling of concrete gravity dams in evaluation of dynamic response of dams to mining tremors which occur in mining activity regions. 2D and 3D models of a concrete gravity dam were prepared in order to compare two-and three-dimensional analysis of the dynamic response of dam to mining shock. Firstly, values of natural frequencies obtained for 2D and 3D models occurred to be very similar, but only the 3D model allowed to predict the dam behaviour under longitudinal kinematic excitation. Secondly, the comparison of the maximal principal stresses obtained for 2D and 3D models indicates that the simplified 2D analysis underestimates the values of dynamic response on about 20 %. Three-dimensional dynamic analysis allows to assess internal stresses resulting from mining shock more precisely, since the amplitudes of ground vibrations during mining tremors are comparable in three directions.
2015
Authors: Joanna Dulinska
Abstract: The paper indicates the role of 3D modeling of concrete gravity dams in evaluation of dynamic response of dams to mining tremors which occur in mining activity regions. 2D and 3D models of a concrete gravity dam were prepared in order to compare two-and three-dimensional analysis of the dynamic response of dam to mining shock. Firstly, values of natural frequencies obtained for 2D and 3D models occurred to be very similar, but only the 3D model allowed to predict the dam behaviour under longitudinal kinematic excitation. Secondly, the comparison of the maximal principal stresses obtained for 2D and 3D models indicates that the simplified 2D analysis underestimates the values of dynamic response on about 20 %. Three-dimensional dynamic analysis allows to assess internal stresses resulting from mining shock more precisely, since the amplitudes of ground vibrations during mining tremors are comparable in three directions.
1324
Authors: Xin Wang, Jing Zhang, Shun De Gao, Di Wu
Abstract: Modeling System for Construction task Simulation (MSCS) presented in this paper is a 3D computer-aided drawing tool which is designed for construction task planners. It is based on OGRE (Object-oriented Graphics Rendering Engine) and Bullet Dynamic Engine, therefore the model created by MSCS has both geometric and dynamic properties. MSCS has already been used in Crawler Crane’s Lifting Simulation System which is developed by Dalian University of Technology in China to draw the work environment and the loads to be lifted.
3455
Authors: N.K. Bawolin, W.J. Zhang, Xiong Biao Chen
Abstract: The functionality of tissue scaffolds in vivo plays a critical role in the treatment process. Due to the time dependent nature of the mechanical properties of the constituent phases of the scaffold, a wide range of mechanical property histories may be observed during the treatment process, possibly influencing outcomes. The critical nature of the mechanical properties in load bearing applications indicates a need for the simultaneous modelling of both scaffold degradation and tissue regeneration with time, and the resulting effective properties of the tissue engineering construct. To this end, a review of the literature is conducted to identify the various existing approaches to modelling scaffold degradation, tissue behavior, and the dependency of the two processes on one another.
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