Papers by Keyword: Osseointegration (OI)

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Authors: Jonathan Gelber, Juan C. Hermida, Shantanu Patil, Clifford W. Colwell, Darryl D. D'Lima
Abstract: The Success of Hydroxyapatite-Coated Acetabular Components Has Not Been Consistent. Plasma-Sprayed Hydroxyapatite Coatings Work Well on Nonporous Substrates but Do Not Coat the Inner Surfaces of Open-Porous Substrates. Solution Deposition Can Generate Consistent Bioceramic Coats on Porous Surfaces that More Closely Mimic the Trabecular Pattern and Biochemistry at the Bone Interface. we Compared Bone Response to the Following Implants: Porous-Coated Ti6al4v Cylinders with 1 of 3 Treatments: Plasma Sprayed with Hydroxyapatite (HA), Coated with a Solution-Deposited Biomimetic Apatite Coating (BA), and Untreated (Control). Bilateral Femurs in 36 Rabbits Were Implanted with One of the above Implants. Bone Ingrowth for HA and BA Surfaces Was Significantly Higher than that for Control Surfaces. No Fragmentation or Debris Production Was Evident in the Apatite Coat of the BA Group. A Biomimetic Coat of Solution-Deposited Apatite May Be Resistant to Coating Delamination and Particle Generation.
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Authors: Jung Hwa Hong, Young Hwan Park, Sang Ok Ko, Soon Hyuck Lee, Gon Khang
Abstract: In this study, a minimally invasive assessment using bone strain generated potential (SGP) was developed to examine the amount of osseointegration (OI) at bone-implant interface. SGP is generated by interstitial fluid flow in porous bone structure. Four experimental white New Zealand rabbits underwent pure titanium implant insertion surgery to tibia after amputation. After surgery, two animals were kept in small cages with minimal movement (Group 1). In contrast, the other rabbits were kept in a large cage that was large enough for jumping and walking (Group 2). At the end of the 5 weeks, all experimental animals were euthanized and the amputated tibia-implants were harvested. Then, a quasi-static force was applied to a bone site near the bone-implant interface for each tibia-implant specimen. Also, SGPs were measured near the interface using needle or probe electrodes. After the measurements, digital radiographs were taken to check the amount of OI for the interfaces. Full OI was observed for animals in Group 1. However, incomplete OI was found for animals in Group 2. Also, significant difference was found for mean SGP values between Group 1 and 2. The results could imply that SGP could be used as a minimally invasive assessment method to check the OI at the bone-implant interface.
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Authors: Chaiy Rungsiyakull, Qing Li, Wei Li, Michael V. Swain
Abstract: This paper aims at providing a preliminary understanding in biomechanics with respect to the effect of FPC dental implants on bone remodelling. 2D multi-scale finite element models are created for a typical dental implantation setting. Under a certain mastication force (<200N), a global response from a macro-scale model (without considering coated surface morphology details) is first obtained and then it is transferred to the micro-scale models (with coated surface morphology details and various particle sizes) for micro-scale analysis. A strain energy density (SED) obtained from 2D micro-scale Finite Element Analysis (FEA) is used as a mechanical stimulus to determine the bone remodeling in term of the change in apparent bone densities for cancellous and cortical bones. The change in bone densities is examined as a result of bone remodelling activities over a period of 48 months.
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Authors: Sung Ki Min, Jung Hwa Hong, Sang Ok Ko
Abstract: Osseointegration (OI) could be described as the modality for stable fixation of titanium implant to bone structure. The OI has become a realized phenomenon of importance in the dental and rehabilitation sciences since recently developed dentures and artificial limbs are directly attached to human skeleton by using osseointegrated implants. Previously, a study showed that bone strain generated potential (SGP) that is an electrical potential and considered to be generated by fluid flow in bone could be used as a parameter to examine the amount of OI on implant-bone interface. SGP generation is known to require intraosseous fluid flow related with generations of pore pressure gradient in bone. Therefore, SGP would interact with properties determining interstitial fluid flow characteristics such as viscosity, velocity, flow path directions, and interstitial fluid flow boundary conditions. Since interstitial fluid flow characteristics in bone are governed by pore pressure gradient, it could be possible to predict SGP indirectly through the prediction of pore pressure generation in bone. The aim of this study is to predict the distribution of pore pressure in OI bone-implant composite representing a completely osseointegrated rabbit tibia-titanium implant composite. The theoretical background of this prediction is based on the poroelasticity of 2-phase material that grounds on fluid flow and behavior of cortical bone material. In this study, we constructed a finite element (FE) model of the composite from images of micro-CT scanning. In the next step, we examined analysis of the FE model about pore pressure by using ABAQUS. In this analysis, the constitutive behavior was externally computed by utilizing a user subroutine. The results showed the different spatial distributions of pore pressure in the composite. The magnitudes of pore pressure were found to be significantly increased when the position was approached for the interface of implant-bone. Further analytical study is required to fully understand relationships between SGP and pore pressure distributions in OI bone-implant composite materials.
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Authors: Jung Hwa Hong, Young Hwan Park, Sang Ok Ko
Abstract: Osseointegration (OI) could be described as the modality for stable fixation of titanium implant to bone structure. The OI has become a realized phenomenon of importance in the dental and rehabilitation sciences since recently developed dentures and artificial limbs are directly attached to human skeleton by using osseointegrated (OI) implants. Previously, a study showed that bone strain generated potential (SGP) that is an electrical potential and considered to be generated by fluid flow in bone could be used as a parameter to examine the amount of OI on bone-implant interface. Since no study was performed to understand effects of loading rate changes on behavior of SGP for the bone-implant composite, rate dependent behavior of SGP was investigated in this study. Four different displacement rates, 100, 200, 500, and 1000 mm per minute were applied to the bone-implant composites. During the compression tests, SGPs were also measured. Magnitude of SGP was found to be significantly increased as the rate increased for OI bone-implant composite. In contrast, the time duration of SGP was decreased as the rate increased. These results could imply that the temporal SGP behavior of bone-implant composite is significantly affected by the loading rate.
1173
Authors: Jung Hwa Hong, Sang Ok Ko
Abstract: Osseointegration (OI) could be described as the modality for stable fixation of titanium implant to bone structure. The OI has become a realized phenomenon of importance in the dental and rehabilitation sciences since recently developed dentures and artificial limbs are directly attached to human skeleton by using osseointegrated implants. Previously, a study showed that bone strain generated potential (SGP) that is an electrical potential and considered to be generated by fluid flow in bone could be used as a parameter to examine the amount of OI on implant-bone interface. Since no study was performed to understand SGP behavior as a function of position for the implant-bone composite, a one-dimensional map of SGP was constructed along the longitudinal direction of the composite. For the purpose, nine electrodes including one reference were instrumented on the wet composite for the one-dimensional mapping of SGP during compression tests. The peak magnitudes of SGP were found to be significantly increased when the measurement position was approached for the interface of implant-bone. The results could indicate that the spatial SGP behavior of osseointegrated implant-bone composite could be caused by the interface of the implant-bone.
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