Papers by Keyword: PE

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Authors: Hui Juan Bao, Yan Jiang, Jia Qi Liu, Hai Yue Zhang
Abstract: Chitosan-PE bi-layer films exhibit antimicrobial activity but poor antioxidant activity. Oregano essential oil (100μL/100mL) was incorporated into chitosan solution to improve films antioxidant and antimicrobial behaviors. The present work investigated the scavenging of O2·, ·OH, DPPH radical and reducing power of film, antimicrobial activity was also evaluated. The results showed that the scavenging effect of film solution on O2·, ·OH, and DPPH was 80.87%, 85.56%, and 87.24%, respectively. Reducing power of film increased with the improvement of oregano essential oil. The antibacterial activity against E. Coli and B. Subtilis increased from 80.77% to 96.15% and from 93.02% to 98.10%, respectively. The preservation experiments showed that chitosan-PE film incorporated with oregano essential oil could extend the shelf life of pork to 810 days at 4°C.
140
Authors: Liang Hsign Chou, Maw Tien Lee
Abstract: Waste plastics are environment problems needed to be solved. Amount of studies have showed that waste plastics can be used as a part of construction materials. However, the hydrophobic property of organic polymers is a fatal issue should be solved. In this study, acrylamide monomer (AAm) was grafted onto PE surface by using benzophenone (BP) as a photoinitiator. Contact angle, surface functional groups, and surface morphology of PE films were characterized for original and AAM-grafting PE films. The interfacial zone of PE and CSH was observed with SEM. Experimental results showed that AAm could be successfully grafted onto PE surface. The hydrohilicity of PE was enhanced by AAm grafting.
1457
Authors: Shou Jun Wu, Zhi Hua Zhang, De Lan Zhu
Abstract: In the present work, effect of field irrigation on tensile behaviors of disposable drip tape made from virgin PE is studied. Results show that after 5 months (from Novomber, 2012 to next April, 2013) field irrigation tests, there are no intrinsically changes in tensile stress-strain behaviors for the disposable drip tape made from virgin PE along the longitudinal direction. Tensile stress-strain behaviors for the disposable drip tape made from virgin PE along transverse direction is different. After field irrigation tests, the tapes are prone to sudden rupture at the seams accompanied with a relative smaller elongation and acute stress drops while those as-received show large elongation with gradual stress decrease under transverse tensile. However, rebound of the stretched tapes after field irrigation tests is distinctly smaller than those of as-received samples.
421
Authors: Ahmad Bilal, Richard Lin, Krishnan Jayaraman
Abstract: In this study, the physical properties of thermoplastic composites manufactured from linear medium density polyethylene (LMDPE), rice husk (RH) and maleic anhydride polyethylene (MAPE) were evaluated. Composites were manufactured with RH loadings of 15 wt%, 30 wt% and 50 wt% with 1 wt% of MAPE to investigate the effect of RH loading on the physical properties (water absorption and thickness swelling) of the composites. The results show that the water absorption and the corresponding thickness swelling increased with an increase in RH loading. Further manufacturing was carried out with 50 wt% of RH and 1wt%, 3.5 wt% and 6 wt% of MAPE to evaluate the effects of interfacial modification on the physical properties of the composites. The results show that the composites with 3.5 wt% of MAPE had least water absorption and the corresponding thickness swelling, whereas the composites having 1 wt% of MAPE had maximum water absorption and the thickness swelling. It can be concluded from these experiments that fibre loading as well as interfacial modification play a significant role in determining the physical properties of the composites.
223
Authors: Achim Frick, Marcel Spadaro
Abstract: Innovative lightweight structures realized by employing assembly injection molding bears high potential. Using assembly injection molding, complex shaped hybrid structures can be manufactured in a precise and fast processing step. Though, especially the interface quality of a hybrid joint is a crucial factor, which determines the overall quality of such lightweight structures. High bonding strength values were achieved between aluminum and multiple polymeric materials with double-lap joints manufactured by employing assembly injection molding. Thereby, the influence of aluminum surface pre-treatments as well as intrinsic adhesion modifications of the polymeric materials were investigated.
381
Authors: Shi Yun Li, De Sheng Hu
Abstract: The MWNTs/PE nanocomposites are prepared by in situ polymerization with mulltiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) supported Cp2ZrCl2 catalyst and MAO as cocatalyst. The SEM and AFM results show that MWNTs are exfoliated and homogenously dispersed in PE matrix by the in situ polymerization. The up-shifting of the G band in Raman spectra show the strong compressive forces associated with PE chains on the MWNTs. The storage modulus of the MWNTs/PE nanocomposite can be increased by 160% even at low amount of MWNTs (0.2 wt %) due to MWNTs well-dispersed and exfoliated in the matrix. The TGA and DMA tests point to significant improvements on thermal and mechanical properties of the PE/MWNTs nanocomposites compared to pure PE.
1163
Authors: Guo Ying Wang
Abstract: This paper, by using multi-layer B/S framework model, combines with VB programming to carry out innovative design of physical education (PE) platform, which has got the B/S framework platform of PE management. PE information management platform mainly comprises the teacher end, the central processor unit (CPU) and the student end, where the communication interface mainly comprises the editor and the computer, and the input of teacher end includes the computer buttons, sensors, and so on. While for the core parts of the system, they are the CPU and the memory demonstrated by PE. Student end through the I/O expansion function analyzes and displays the teaching sound and video signal displayed by using LED or LCD. Finally, the paper designs the data analysis and transfer function of PE information platform, and obtains the curve of information throughput with time changing, which provides a new computer method for the research of PE.
5481
Authors: Dierk Raabe
Abstract: This article introduces a 3D cellular automaton model for the prediction of spherulite growth phenomena in polymers at the mesoscopic scale. The automaton is discrete in time, real space, and orientation space. The kinetics is formulated according to the Hoffman-Lauritzen secondary surface nucleation and growth theory for spherulite expansion. It is used to calculate the switching probability of each grid point as a function of its previous state and the state of the neighboring grid points. The actual switching decision is made by evaluating the local switching probability using a Monte Carlo step. The growth rule is scaled by the ratio of the local and the maximum interface energies, the local and maximum occurring Gibbs enthalpy of transformation, the local and maximum occurring temperature, and by the spacing of the grid points. The use of experimental input data provides a real time and space scale.
603
Authors: Chang Ming Li, Chun Yang Li, Cheng Cheng Zhang, Ming Yue Fan, Yan Li Cheng, Bao Zhong Han
Abstract: In order to investigate the electrical conductivity of carbon nanotubes (CNTs)/polyethylene (PE) composites, the relationship curves between the external electrical filed strength and the electrical conductivity of CNTs/PE composites with different microstructures were generated based on numerical simulation. The simulation models of CNTs/PE composites were designed through changing the content, aspect ratio and orientation degree of CNTs. After DC electrical field is applied between top and bottom surfaces of the composites, the distribution of electrical current density was calculated based on the finite element method by using the COMSOL simulating software, and then the electrical conductivity is obtained. Research results indicated the electrical conductivity of the composites increases significantly with the increase of aspect ratio of CNTs at the same CNT content and electrical field strength. As the orientation degree of CNTs along the applied electrical field increases, the electrical conductivity of the composites obviously increases. It can therefore be concluded that the changing of microstructures of CNTs/PE composites is effective to control the electrical conductivity of the composites.
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