Papers by Keyword: Parameter Analysis

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Authors: Shao Rong Huang
Abstract: Differential evolution algorithm’s performance often depends heavily on the parameter settings. Based on analyzing the influence of the parameters setting in the experiment, the effects and the optimal selection of those major parameters on DE are analyzed, and some conclusions are derived. A new differential evolution algorithm which the scale constant (F) and crossover constant (CR) are generated as random numbers within a certain range in each iteration process is proposed. The experimental results shows that the new algorithm is simple, easy to realize and can get higher precision and better stability.
3614
Authors: Wei Li, Shao Fan Wang, Xin Jia
Abstract: This paper applied acoustic emission technology, monitoring low carbon steel uniform corrosion process, obtained low carbon steel corrosion acoustic emission signal in the process of uniform corrosion, And analyzed acoustic emission signal characteristics of the low carbon steel corrosion process applied the method combining characteristic parameters with wavelet packet transform, in the meantime combined the detection data of storage tank, Contrast acoustic emission signal characteristics of low carbon steel corrosion in experiment conditions and acoustic emission signal characteristics of storage tank corrosion in actual conditions, the result provides reference for acoustic emission research of low carbon steel uniform corrosion process and tanks online acoustic emission testing.
246
Authors: Yun Zhang Li, Jia Ding Wang
Abstract: Based on the differential equation for buckling of deep and long foundation pile, considering the effects of side friction of pile, foundation soil horizontal tension and pile weight. Then the equation is solved by Galerkin Method, the buckling critical load and effective length equation of deep and long pile foundation is deduced. At the same time, the main parameters’ effect to pile buckling stability is analyzed. At last, a practical example is presented, and the calculated result is compared and proved to be feasible.
438
Authors: Qing Zhang, Yue Gui, Jing Cao, Zhi Gang Song, Cheng Wei Huang
Abstract: This paper analyzed natural vibration frequencies and vibration modes of suspend-dome structure with finite element method. Firstly, to get the corresponding vibration mode of each frequency of the structure, understand the distribution of directional stiffness in the structure, and realize the basic natural vibration characteristics, this paper analyzed the natural vibration characteristics of suspend-dome structure. And then, this paper analyzed such four parameters as rise, roofing mass, sectional stiffness of the rods, and prestress in the cables. Through comparison of the four parameters, we can get the similarities and differences among their frequencies and vibration modes, and whether or not the mass and the stiffness are harmonious, and draw some valuable conclusions for structural design.
261
Authors: Peng Zhang, Dan Shen, Shi Rong Li
Abstract: The size, the position and the arrangement of external restraint will significantly affect the mechanical properties of the structures with the external restraint. Based on classical beam theory, the stress distribution of a simply supported beam with externally reinforcing steel bars under transverse loads is analyzed in this presentation. By assuming that the stresses in both the beam and the external constrains are less than their proportional limits, an analytical formulation of normal stress in the cross section of the beam was derived by considering two cases that the externally reinforcing steel bars are pre-stressed and are not pre-stressed. Influences of the parameters of the stiffness and the position of the externally reinforcing steel bars on the stress of the beam are discussed.
3065
Authors: Xiao Ping Wang, Ming Shui Li
Abstract: In this paper, The vertical vibration’s analytical expression of Euler-Bernoulli beam traveled by moving loads is used to analyze the effect factors such as vehicle speed and damping ratio. The calculating program is made with MATLAB to analyze the dynamic response of a bridge as an illustrative example. A 32 meters simply supported beam traversed by moving loads of 8 ICE3 motor cars is analyzed. The calculation results show that the maximum displacement of the bridge appears at or near the mid-span and it has nothing to do with the position of the loads. The dynamic amplification coefficient of displacement at mid-span is not linearly increased with the vehicle speed improving. The damping ratio can decrease the dynamic response of the bridge dramatically, especially at the resonance speed.
751
Authors: Zhi Jun Zhang, Jin Feng Wu, Li Zhong Song, Song Hua Ma, Xiao Zhen Li
Abstract: In this paper, vibration theory is used to deduce vertical vibration’s analytical expressions of Euler- Bernoulli beam traveled by moving loads. In the analytical expression, the influences of the train’s travelling speed ,the mode of vibration ,the mass and rigidity of beam itself and the damping ratio of the system are considered comprehensively. Then the calculating program is made with MATLAB to analyze the dynamic response of a bridge as an illustrative example, so as to check the correctness of the analytical solution. Then a 32 meters simply supported beam traversed by moving loads of 8 ICE3 motor cars is analyzed. The calculation results show that the analysis method in this paper can really give accurate results to the beam subjected to arbitrarily spacing loads . The analytical expressions can be applied to preliminary design of railway bridges and assessment of the expected maximum vibration levels under high-speed trains.
2345
Authors: Wen Ru Lu, Jin Di
Abstract: The buckling strength of stiffened flange plate under compression was researched by referring to BS5400, Japanese Specification for Highway Bridges and Eurocode in order to research calculation methods of stiffened flange plate under compression in foreign design codes of steel bridge which were based on different design theories. Test results of ultimate bearing capacity of stiffened flange plate under compression were compared with calculation results according to those codes. The effects of constructive parameters such as the thickness of flange plate, width of subpanel, thickness of plate and width of inclined web plate in rib on buckling strength of stiffened flange plate under compression were researched respectively. The results showed, when increasing the thickness of flange or decreasing the width of plate divided by rib's web, calculation results of buckling strength increased at first and then leveled off according to Japanese Specification for Highway Bridges. However the buckling strength declined slowly according to BS5400 and Eurocode. When increasing the thickness of plate or decreasing the width of inclined web plate of rib, calculation results increased at the beginning and leveled out then. If ribs satisfy the rigidity demands, calculation results of buckling strength would remain the same as the sizes of rib were changed according to Japanese Specification for Highway Bridges.
1159
Authors: Ke Li, Ying Yi Wang, Xing Chun Huang
Abstract: Based on the Barton-Bandis non-linear deformation structural plane model, displacement discontinuity method (DDM) is used to iteratively calculate the distribution of in-situ stress field around the structural plane, and then the parameter sensitivity analysis of the structural plane and rock is carried out. The results show that near the structural plane, especially near the tips, stress concentration is quite significant, the closer to the tips, the greater the principal stress difference is; the stress concentration around the structural plane decreases as the stiffness of structural plane grows; with the growth of the ratio of structural plane thickness to length, the stress concentration around the structural plane increases, but when reaching a certain level, the increasing slows down; as the friction angle of the structural plane grows, the stress concentration decreases.
2667
Authors: Yu Zhen Chang, Yong Gang Kang
Abstract: A systemically study on the new space structure steel - concrete composite ribbed shell is made, which is loaded by stepped load. The ultimate bearing capacity and failure modes are investigated based on the characteristic response indicators. In the foundation of large number of parameters analysis, the influence of the span ratio, span, boundary conditions and initial imperfection on the ultimate bearing capacity and instable dynamic failure are discussed in details. All the results will provide mass of data to the investigation of failure mechanism and the property under complex dynamical loads.
815
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