Papers by Keyword: Plasma Etching

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Authors: Frédéric Lanois, Dominique Planson, P. Lassagne, Christophe Raynaud, Edwige Bano
1029
Authors: Yasuhisa Sano, Kohei Aida, Hiroaki Nishikawa, Kazuya Yamamura, Satoshi Matsuyama, Kazuto Yamauchi
Abstract: Silicon carbide (SiC) power devices have received much attention in recent years because they enable the fabrication of devices with low power consumption. To reduce the on-resistance in vertical power transistors, back-side thinning is required after device processing. However, it is difficult to thin a SiC wafer with a high removal rate by conventional mechanical machining because its high hardness and brittleness cause cracking and chipping during thinning. In this study, we attempted to thin a SiC wafer by plasma chemical vaporization machining (PCVM), which is plasma etching using atmospheric-pressure plasma. The wafer level thinning of a 2-inch 4H-SiC wafer has been possible without a removal thickness distribution caused by the circular shape of the wafer using the newly developed PCVM apparatus for back-side thinning with a spatial wafer stage.
108
Authors: Yasuhisa Sano, Hiroaki Nishikawa, Kohei Aida, Chaiyapat Tangpatjaroen, Kazuya Yamamura, Satoshi Matsuyama, Kazuto Yamauchi
Abstract: Silicon carbide (SiC) is a promising semiconductor material for high-temperature, high-frequency, high-power, and energy-saving applications. However, because the hardness and chemical stability of SiC are high, few conventional machining methods can handle this material efficiently. We previously developed a plasma chemical vaporization machining (PCVM) technique, which is an atmospheric-pressure plasma etching process, and investigated its application to the processing of SiC substrates. In this paper, we propose a novel style of PCVM technique for dicing, using slit apertures to confine the plasma. From experiments by means of an apparatus with a one-slit aperture formed by two masks, it was found that the kerf loss was almost proportional to the slit width, and that the etching depth increased with RF power. Furthermore, from experiments on a SiC wafer, we obtained a 130-μm etching depth and 300-μm kerf loss for an 11-min processing time and 200-μm slit width.
813
Authors: Y.B. Kim, Matty Caymax, H. Bender, Serge Vanhaelemeersch
97
Authors: Yasuhisa Sano, Kohei Aida, Takehiro Kato, Kazuya Yamamura, Hidekazu Mimura, Satoshi Matsuyama, Kazuto Yamauchi
Abstract: Silicon carbide (SiC) is a promising semiconductor material for high-temperature, high-frequency, high-power, and energy-saving applications. However, it is so hard and chemically stable that there are few efficient conventional machining methods for it. We have developed plasma chemical vaporization machining (PCVM), an atmospheric-pressure plasma etching process, and investigated its application to the processing of SiC substrates. In this paper, the cutting characteristics of a SiC substrate by PCVM with a wire electrode are described. We found that increasing the rf power and reactive gas concentration increases the etch rate and that the etch width can be reduces by increasing the SF6 concentration. The maximum etch rate was 2.1 μm/min and the minimum etch width was 220 μm. It was also demonstrated that a SiC wafer prethinned to 100 μm can be successfully cut without breaking or cracking.
865
Authors: Željka Nikitović, O. Šašić, Z.Lj. Petrović, G.N. Malović, A. Strinić, S. Dujko, Z. Raspopović, M. Radmilović-Radjenović
15
Authors: Nicole Ahner, Sven Zimmermann, Matthias Schaller, Stefan E. Schulz
Abstract: The integration of porous ultra low dielectric constant materials (ULK) for isolation within the interconnect system of integrated circuits is a promising approach to reduce RC-delays and crosstalk due to shrinking feature sizes [1]. Actually the focus is on porous CVD-SiCOH materials, which consist of a Si-O-Si backbone and organic species (e.g. CH3) to lower polarizability and prevent moisture uptake to remarkably decrease the k-value [2]. The integration of porous low-k materials is very challenging, especially looking at patterning, resist stripping and etch residue removal, where commonly plasma processing has been applied. But plasma processing of ULK materials, especially using oxygen plasmas, is known to degrade electrical, optical and structural material properties by removing carbon from the film and densification of the surface near areas of the ULK [5]. Carbon depletion may also lead to the incorporation of-OH groups, which easily form silanols and therefore increase moisture absorption and k-values [2]. Besides the development of nondamaging plasma processes, wet cleaning is a promising alternative to avoid ULK damage while removing organic plasma etch residues. Additionally wet cleaning steps are always necessary to remove inorganic residues, which do not form volatile reaction products and can therefore not be removed by plasma processing.
110
Authors: Yasuhisa Sano, Hiroaki Nishikawa, Yuu Okada, Kazuya Yamamura, Satoshi Matsuyama, Kazuto Yamauchi
Abstract: Silicon carbide (SiC) is a promising semiconductor material for high-temperature, high-frequency, high-power, and energy-saving applications. However, because of the hardness and chemical stability of SiC, few conventional machining methods can handle this material efficiently. A plasma chemical vaporization machining (PCVM) technique is an atmospheric-pressure plasma etching process. We previously proposed a novel style of PCVM dicing using slit apertures for plasma confinement, which in principle can achieve both a high removal rate and small kerf loss, and demonstration experiments were performed using a silicon wafer as a sample. In this research, some basic experiments were performed using 4H-SiC wafer as a sample, and a maximum removal rate of approximately 10 μm/min and a narrowest groove width of 25 μm were achieved. We also found that argon can be used for plasma generation instead of expensive helium gas.
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