Papers by Keyword: Plastic Deformation

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Authors: Yujiro Hayashi, Yoshiharu Hirose, Daigo Setoyama
Abstract: In situ three-dimensional crystallographic orientation mapping in plastically-deformed polycrystalline iron is demonstrated using a modified three-dimensional x-ray diffraction method. This voxel-by-voxel measurement method enables the observation of intragranular orientation distribution. The experiment is performed using coarse-grained ferrite with a mean grain size of ~ 60 μm and an incident x-ray beam with a beam size of 20 μm × 20 μm. Grains averagely rotate approximately toward the <110> preferred orientation of body-centered cubic uniaxial tensile texture. Intragranular orientation distributions are spread as the tensile strain increases to 10.7 %. Furthermore, intragranular multidirectional rotations are observed in grains near the <100> and <111> corners in the inverse pole figure.
Authors: Zhi Qiang Zhang, Dong Sheng Qian, Lin Hua
Abstract: Ring parts of duplicate gear, double-side flange, high pressure value body, are widely used in engineering machinery, have the common geometrical characteristic of thick-wall, small-hole and deep-groove on the surface. High energy consumption, low material utilization, low productivity and poor quality exist in the current forging technology of this type of rings. In this paper, a new forming method for this type of rings named combined ring rolling (CRR) is proposed. The forming principle of CRR is introduced at first, then, a 3-D coupled thermo-mechanical FE model for the CRR process of a double-side flange ring is developed. By simulation and analysis, the feasibility of CRR technology is testified, and the evolution and distribution rules of stain, temperature, force and power in the rolling process are revealed. The results provide the guideline for the research and development of CRR technology.
Authors: Xiang He Peng, Min Mei Chen, Jun Wang
Abstract: A constitutive model is developed for shape memory alloys (SMAs) based on the concept that an SMA is a mixture composed of austenite and martensite. The deformation of the martensite is separated into elastic, thermal, reorientation and plastic parts, and that of the austenite is separated into elastic, thermal and plastic parts. The volume fraction of each phase is determined with the modified Tanaka’s transformation rule. The typical constitutive behavior of some SMAs, including pseudoelasticity, shape memory effect, plastic deformation as well as its effects, is analyzed.
Authors: E.S. Gorkunov
Abstract: The effect of plastic tensile deformation on changes in density and magnetic behaviour has been studied on low-carbon steel specimens under hydrostatic pressure of 0.1 to 500 MPa in a test chamber. It has been shown that the parameters of minor magnetic hysteresis loops can be used to estimate the amount of plastic strain and the strain-related structural damage of metal.
Authors: Dyi Cheng Chen, Jia Ci Wang, Gow Yi Tzou
Abstract: This study investigates a novel changing channel angular (CCA) extrusion process, in which high strains are induced within the billet by passing it through a series of channels of unequal cross-sections arranged such that they form specified internal angles. Using commercial DEFORMTM 2D rigid-plastic finite element code, the plastic deformation behavior of CuZn37 brass alloy is examined during one-turn and two-turn CCA extrusion processing in dies with internal angles of φ =90o, 120o, 135o or 150o, respectively. The simulations focus specifically on the effects of the processing conditions on the effective strain, the rotation angle and the effective stress induced within the extruded billet. The numerical results provide valuable insights into the shear plastic deformation behavior of CuZn37 brass alloy during the CCA extrusion process.
Authors: Zi Ling Xie, Lin Zhu Sun, Fang Yang
Abstract: A theoretical model is developed to account for the effects of strain rate and temperature on the deformation behavior of ultrafine-grained fcc Cu. Three mechanisms, including dislocation slip, grain boundary diffusion, and grain boundary sliding are considered to contribute to the deformation response simultaneously. Numerical simulations show that the strain rate sensitivity increases with decreasing grain size and strain rate, and that the flow stress and tensile ductility increase with either increasing strain rate or decreasing deformation temperature.
Authors: Donald W. Brown, R. Varma, Mark A.M. Bourke, T. Ely, Thomas Holden, S. Spooner
Authors: Ji Luo, Zhi Rui Wang
Abstract: Recently, the necessity to grade grain size to ultrafine and nano scale for understanding the mechanical behavior of these materials has been recognized. However, the nature of such classification has remained unclear. As an example, ultrafine (100 nm -1 μm) and nano (<100 nm) grained FCC metals, compared to their coarse grained counterparts, exhibit a grain size strengthening that may deviate from the Hall-Petch relationship. To explain the mechanism of such deviation, previous dislocation theories seem insufficient. To solve this problem, a critical grain size criterion governing the shift of deformation mechanism is proposed in this work. This model employs an energetic approach; it relates the grain boundary energy density to certain critical energy values; and it permits, for the first time, a quantitative grading of grain sizes. Predictions based on this model were evaluated. The prediction on copper polycrystals of various grain sizes showed a very good agreement with experimental results. It is thus wished that the grain size theory on plastic deformation mechanism could be unified with the dislocation theory. In this study, such unification is attempted by using a parameter defined as the defect energy density. The possibility of such generalization is further reasoned upon the fact that the defect energy approach should be a unique but common form applicable for both dislocations and grain boundaries.
Authors: Si Cong Liu, Guo Xing Lu, Dong Wei Shu, Ying Xin Zhou, Zhi Ye Zhao
Abstract: Rock movement caused by external explosion loading can damage the nearby tunnel or cavern.To avoid damage, energy absorbing bolts with high load-displacement and large energy absorptioncapacities are required. The deformation and friction of the bolt absorb energy during the rock movementand preventing the structure from damage. To maximize the energy absorption capacity in the limitedspace inside the borehole, we developed a new bolt that utilizes the friction and plastic deformation ofthe sleeve. To develop the new bolt, FE simulation in Abaqus was used to improve designs beforefabrication. Two prototypes of the new design was fabricated and tested by static pull test. The resultsshowed the bolts yielded in the desired way. The experimental results prove the new bolt is capable ofabsorbing large amount of energy and accommodating large displacement.
Authors: Keng Soon Woon, Mustafizur Rahman, Kui Liu
Abstract: The effect of tool edge radius on the mechanics of micromachining, both in terms of plasticity and tribology is significant. Through an experimental study, the responses of normalized process variables namely tool-chip contact length, deformed chip thickness and machining force were evaluated for varying relative tool sharpness. A non-dimensional analysis of the interrelationship among the process variables indicate a transformation in chip formation mechanism under an extreme condition is reported.
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