Papers by Keyword: Polypropylene (PP) Fiber

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Authors: Ying Tang, Guo An Wang
Abstract: This paper is focused on the method for improving capability of anti-sulfate corrosion of concrete. Based on the performance characteristics of mineral admixture, propose a method that mixing concrete with complex multi-mineral admixture to improve the effect of anti-sulfate corrosion. Finally, the ability of anti-sulfate corrosion and anti-dry-wet cycle, in different case, is studied and compared. The results show that concrete mixed with complex multi-mineral admixture is advantageous to improve the anti-sulfate corrosion effects of the concrete. The proportion of mineral admixtures has significant influence on the anti-sulfate corrosion effect. As the silica fume and slag content increased, the fly ash content decreased, the ability of anti-sulfate corrosion enhanced.
755
Authors: Jun Hong Shan, Ming Kai Zhou, Bei Xing Li, Ji Wei Cai, Fang Xu
Abstract: The Badong highway bridge over the Yangtze River is a grand bridge in Enshi, Hubei Province of China. Its deck pavement consists of C40 polypropylene fiber concrete, 100 millimeters thick. Experiments show that C40 concrete incorporating polypropylene fibers at dosage of 1.35 kg/m3 has the excellent properties against cracking, permeation, impact, wearing, etc. Thus polypropylene fiber concrete as deck pavement can extend service life of the deck and decrease the maintenance cost and traffic inconvenience for reparation. It can be widely applied in construction of deck pavement and road pavement.
418
Authors: Xiao Rong Shao, Liang Feng Zhu
Abstract: Aimed to solve the problem that the mass concrete structures are apt to crack in underground engineering, this paper makes some research from the view of crack resistance performance of polypropylene fiber concretes. Since polypropylene fiber achieves waterproof through realizing of crack resistant, blending polypropylene fibers into concretes can reduce early contraction deformation of concretes, hinder emergence of plastic shrinkage cracking and improve impermeability of concretes, and its construction technology is simple. In practical application of this in anti-cracking and anti- seepage concrete structures in the International Terminal project of Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport, we find that mix of polypropylene fibers with concretes clearly improves anti-cracking and anti-seepage performance of concrete structures and meets design requirements of basements through measuring temperature and observing cracking condition of the mass concrete structures of basements on site. The project can provide experience for reference to similar projects.
1776
Authors: Na Liang, Xiao Yan Zhang, Feng Lan Li
Abstract: Experiments were carried out to investigate such basic properties as workability and strength of masonry cement mortar affected by mass content of polypropylene fiber. The results show that proper mass content of polypropylene fiber is helpful for effectively adjusting consistency and layering to bring better workability of fresh mortar, the relative higher bending strength of mortar can be got by admixing reasonable mass content of polypropylene fiber while slight improved compressive strength reaches. The relationships of water to cement ratio and mass content of polypropylene fiber in affecting these basic properties of masonry mortar are analyzed, which can be as reference for selecting optimum water to binder ratio and mass content of polypropylene fiber in practices.
986
Authors: Zhen Wu Shi, Shuang Liu, Rui Rui Zhang
Abstract: Based on the evaluation of fibrous concrete materials and the experiments of freezing-thawing resistance home and abroad, the present experiment takes relative dynamic modulus of elasticity and rate of mass reduction as an analytical index to conduct a comparative study on the effects of the mixing of four kinds of polypropylene fiber on the cement concrete freezing resistance. The results show that different kinds of polypropylene fiber have different influences on cement concrete freezing resistance. And some polypropylene can improve it while others may make it decreased.
673
Authors: Jian Qiang Wei, Ming Li Cao, Hang Yao
Abstract: As the composite of materials, fibers compositing, which can give full play to synergism of each fiber’s reinforcement, will become an inevitable trend. Calcium carbonate whisker is a kind of green environment-friendly fibrous powder filler with high strength, high modulus and excellent thermal stability, which has been proven that it has obviously toughening and reinforcing effects on cement-based materials. In this paper, CaCO3 whiskers composite with polypropylene fiber were added into concrete as reinforcement. Effect of different content of whiskers and fibers on the mechanical properties of concrete was investigated. The results shows that the composite of CaCO3 whisker and polypropylene fiber (PP) has better toughening and reinforcing effects than that of single filler. The strength of whiskers/PPF-reinforced concrete can be obviously improved compared with that of pure concrete, whisker concrete and PPF concrete. These increases could be correlated to the synergism of PPF and CaCO3 whisker, which are different in size, aspect ratio, elastic modulus, and reinforcing role in concrete.
313
Authors: Yuan Yuan Zhang, Zong Ke Lou, Xiang Bin Zhang
Abstract: The influence of mixing fly ash, admixture(including pumping agent, water reducing agent, air-entraining agent), polypropylene fiber on plastic shrinkage of ultra-fine sand pumping concrete by using slab test in this paper. The results show that mixing fly ash can significantly reduce plastic crack area of ultra-fine sand pumping concrete, and plastic crack area begins to reduce slowly when the content of fly ash is up to 20%; When the content of water reducing agent is between 0% and 1.5%, inhibition effects of water reducing agent on plastic shrinkage of ultra-fine sand pumping concrete increase gradually with the content., and the optimum content of water reducing agent is 0.75%; Compared with the water reducer, the effect of mixing pumping agent or air-entraining agent is better; Mixing polypropylene fiber can reduce plastic crack area of ultra-fine sand pumping concrete, slenderizing the crack, and the effect becomes greater with the content of polypropylene fiber.
588
Authors: Cheon Goo Han, Min Cheol Han, Chan Chun Pei, Seong Hwan Yang
Abstract: In this study, the fundamental and spalling properties of high-strength concrete were examined, especially when various types and varying content of polymer resin were added. Two types of polymers were used in this study: ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer (EVA-P) and polyvinyl acetate copolymer (PVA-P) as powders and polyvinyl acetate copolymer (PVA-F) and polypropylene copolymer (PP-F) as fibers. Test results showed that the addition of EVA-P and PVA-F to concrete slightly decreased flowability, whereas the addition of PP-F and PVA-P enhanced the viscosity, leading to a remarkable reduction in flowability. The air content of concrete containing EVA-P, PVA-F, and PP-F showed no significant variation. The addition of PVA-P to concrete also caused a slight reduction in compressive strength, whereas the other additives had insignificant effects. After a fire test, the control concrete and concretes with EVA-P, PVA-P, and PVA-F exhibited severe explosive spalling regardless of the dosages. This was because the polymer does not provide sufficient void networks, which is important for vapor evacuation, which enables the release of steam pressure inside the concrete. However, when more than 0.10% of PP-F was added, spalling was effectively prevented. For the residual compressive strength, higher polymer dosage in the concrete produced better results regardless of the polymer type. The powder-type polymers did not contribute to preventing spalling in concrete subjected to fire. This is due to their geometric shape and high melting point. It is concluded that a high aspect ratio and low melting point is critical during polymer selection to prevent spalling in high-strength concrete.
85
Authors: Na Liang, Xiao Yan Zhang, Li Sun, Feng Lan Li
Abstract: Experiments were carried out to investigate the dry-shrinkage of masonry mortar affected by mass content of polypropylene fiber. The results show that proper content of polypropylene fiber is helpful to effectively reduce dry-shrinkage of mortar especially in early age, the reduction relates to water to cement ratio of mortar. Meanwhile, the relationships of water to cement ratio and content of polypropylene fiber in affecting dry-shrinkage of masonry mortar are analyzed, which can be as reference for selecting such optimum values as water to cement ratio and content of polypropylene fiber in practices.
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