Papers by Keyword: Private Sector

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Authors: Chuan Chen, Qi Wang, Rui Ying Fang
Abstract: China has been experiencing a remarkable economic growth for the past three decades accompanied by significant energy consumption and environmental pollution, which led to great pressure on energy supply and environmental protection. The development of renewable energy has therefore become a major strategic issue for the country’s energy security, economic development, environmental sustainability and social stability. Meanwhile the participation of the private sector into the renewable energy sector has become increasingly important and necessary to utilize their knowledge, skills and resources as an effective supplement to the Chinese government which dominates the sector but suffers low efficiency and declining credit lines. Aiming at a better understanding of the activities and trends of the private sector in the renewable energy sector of China, this study retrieved project level data from the Private Participation in Infrastructure (PPI) database of the World Bank, and examined the data from various dimensions, such as investment size, PPI type, technology, and geographical distribution. Important and interesting observations were drawn such as emerging western China market and fast growing biomass sub-sector. A comparison between conventional fossil fuel projects and renewable energy projects was also undertaken in terms of unit cost and the results confirmed the high installation cost of renewable energy projects and highlighted the importance of government subsidies at present and technological advances in the long run to support the development of renewable energy. The empirical findings, although restricted by shortcomings of the data source, can provide valuable implications to policy makers and infrastructure investors interested in the renewable energy market of China.
Authors: Aryani Ahmad Latiffi, Juliana Brahim, Suzila Mohd, Mohamad Syazli Fathi
Abstract: Level of Development (LOD) is a protocol exhibit to address the basic guidelines of Building Information Modeling (BIM). The basic guidelines were created to identify specific content requirements, authorize use and purpose. LOD identifies how much information is known about a model at a given time. The use of LOD is to reduce the problems due to inadequate information needed in projects. Therefore, this paper aims to explore the implementation of LOD in projects using BIM in the Malaysian construction industry. In order to do so, a literature review was carried out to identify basic guidelines of the LOD specification. In addition to this, semi-structured interviews were conducted with BIM consultants from the public and private sector. The findings revealed that the implementation of LOD in Malaysia is varied with its own purpose. From the use of LOD, it helps construction players to get the information that they can be used.
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