Papers by Keyword: Rapid Solidification

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Authors: Z.S. Nikolić, M. Yoshimura, S. Araki
Abstract: Two-dimensional numerical model is adopted to analyze the heat transfer process during solidification of the sample melted in an Arc-image furnace. Numerical solution of this complex problem enabled us to calculate the temperature distribution in both sample and substrate, including the phase change phenomena. Also, the effects of process parameters on the solidification of the sample melted on substrate that is cooled by water can be investigated numerically. The parameters include sample size, contact area size between the sample and the substrate, and degree of undercooling associated with rapid phase change and moving interface. The results obtained reveal that these parameters have strong effect on temperature distribution during solidification.
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Authors: Salwa Ben Naoua, Mohammed El Ganaoui, Habib Sammouda, Pierre Fauchais
Abstract: A two-dimensional heat transfer model, extended phase change, is developed with an enthalpy formulation in order to predict the splat/substrate thermal story and its effects on plasma surface interaction. The model validated with respect to experimental results is used to estimate the early solidification of yttria stabilized zirconia splat deposited on a cooled substrate. Simulations quantify transfers in terms of some working parameters such that the splat thickness, the splat/substrate contact quality, the latent heat of solidification and the initial temperatures.
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Authors: Hai Feng Wang, Cun Lai, Xiao Zhang, Kuang Wang, Feng Liu
Abstract: Since the growth velocity can be comparable with or even larger than the solute diffusion velocity in the bulk phases, modeling of rapid solidification with non-equilibrium solute diffusion becomes quite an important topic. In this paper, an effective mobility approach was proposed to derive the current phase field model (PFM). In contrast with the previous PFMs that were derived by the so-called kinetic energy approach, diffusionless solidification happens not only in the bulk phases but also inside the interface when the growth velocity is equal to the solute diffusion velocity in liquid. A good agreement between the model predictions and experimental results is obtained for rapid solidification of Si-9at.%As alloy.
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Authors: Yuan Shan Li, Xu Chen, Yu Feng Luo
Abstract: In this paper, a new kind of Sn-Bi lead-free solder was fabricated via rapid solidification method by adding a series of microelements which can optimize the properties of Sn-Bi solder. When the solder was manufactured by Single Roller Melt Spinning Process, the faster the cooling rate is, the better the effect of restraining Bi segregation is. When the melt spinning rate was up to 1000 rpm, it had the best result. The effects of microelements on the melting characteristics, microstructure and properties of the new solder were also systemically studied. The results show that when the added content of Ag is 0.7%, Cu 0.3%, Ge 0.1%, In 0.5% and Sb 0.5%, the microstructure of the solder is fine, the extent of Bi segregation obviously decreases and the mechanical property is similar to that of Sn-37Pb solder. The melting point of the new solder is close to that of the Sn-37Pb solder. The mechanical and soldering properties are also similar to that of it.
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Authors: Man Ho Park, Yo Seung Song, Jun Hee Won
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Authors: J.M. Calderon Moreno, Masahiro Yoshimura
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Authors: Anna Kula, Ludwik Blaz, Makoto Sugamata
Abstract: Experiments on Al-1Fe-1Ni-5Mg alloy were performed to determine the effect of rapid solidification (RS) on the material strengthening, which result from the refining of the grain size and intermetallic compounds. Additionally, an enhancement of the material strengthening due to magnesium addition was also observed. RS procedure was performed using spray deposition of the molten alloy on the rotating water-cooled copper roll. As a result, highly refined structure of rapidly solidified flakes was obtained. Using common powder metallurgy (PM) techniques, i.e. cold pressing, vacuum degassing and hot extrusion, as received RS-flakes were consolidated to the bulk PM materials. For comparison purposes, the conventionally cast and hot extruded Al-1Fe-1Ni-5Mg alloy was studied as well. RS process combined with hot pressing and extrusion procedure was found to be very effective method for the manufacture of fine grained material and effective refinement of intermetallic compounds. However some inhomogenity of particles distribution was observed, which was ascribed to varied cooling rate dependent on the particular spray-drop size. Mechanical properties of as-extruded material were examined using compression test at 293K – 873K. High strength and ductility of as-extruded RS material with respect to conventionally produced alloy were observed. However, the effect of enhanced mechanical properties of RS material is observed only at low deformation temperatures. It was found that increasing deformation temperature above 400K results in negligible hardening of RS samples if compared to conventionally produced material.
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Authors: Zhi Ming Zhou, Li Wen Tang, Jing Luo, Tao Zhou, Jie Zhan, Cheng Yun Peng, Hua Xia, Bin Bin Lei
Abstract: Behavior of Cr-rich phase in rapid solidification Cu71Cr29 alloys was investigated by using melt spinning and splat quenching. The microstructure and solidification behavior of the Cr-rich were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results showed that the alloys generally have a microstructure consisting of a fine dispersion of a Cr-rich phase in a Cu-rich matrix. However, the morphology and size of the Cr-rich phase vary greatly with the cooling rate. On the one hand, the average size of the Cr-rich phase is reduced with increasing cooling rate. On the other hand, the Cr-rich phase show both dendrites and spheroids for lower cooling rate but only spheroids for the higher cooling rate. This means liquid phase separation occurred during rapid solidification. The results were discussed with respect to the formation of the Cr-rich spheroids during rapid solidification.
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Authors: Osvaldo Flores, Juan M. Zagal, Antonio Contreras-Cuevas, G. Rosas, Ramiro Pérez, L. Martínez
Abstract: The microstructure of FeAl40 intermetallic alloy produced by spray atomization and deposition, with boron additions and reinforced with Al2O3 particles was studied. This technique allowed the co-deposition of particulate reinforcement and the addition of boron in order to obtain a boron concentration of 0.4 at. %. The additions of alumina particles produce a grain refinement. High resolution transmission electron microscopy observations shows a precipitation of boron in the FeAl matrix in despite of the rapid solidification process. Fe3B precipitates were found which is a metastable phase formed during the rapid solidification process. In addition, FeB precipitates were observed.
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Authors: Grzegorz Cieślak, Jerzy Latuch, Tadeusz Kulik
Abstract: Nanocrystalline Al-based alloys containing silicon (Si), rare earth metal (RE) and late transition metal (Ni), combine high tensile strength and good wear resistance. The aim of this work was to manufacture high strength bulk nanocrystalline alloys from Al-Si-Ni-Mm system. Bulk nanostructured alloys were produced by ball-milling of nanocrystalline ribbons followed by high-pressure (7.7 GPa) hot compaction (320°C). Nanocrystalline ribbons of investigated alloys were produced by melt-spinning technique. The crystallization process was studied using differential scanning calorimeter. The phase compositions of the ribbons were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Vickers hardness of nanostructured compacted samples, measured with the load of 1 kG, achieved values five times higher than that of commercial 4xxx series Al alloy.
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