Papers by Keyword: Recovery

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Authors: Henning Friis Poulsen, Xing Fu, Erik Knudsen, Erik M. Lauridsen, L. Margulies, S. Schmidt
Abstract: 3-Dimensional X-Ray Diffraction (3DXRD) microscopy is a tool for fast and non-destructive characterization of the individual grains, sub-grains and domains inside bulk materials. The method is based on diffraction with highly penetrating hard x-rays, enabling 3D studies of millimeter - centimeter thick specimens. The position, volume, orientation, elastic and plastic strain can be derived for hundreds of grains simultaneously. Furthermore, by applying novel reconstruction methods 3D maps of the grain boundaries can be generated. With the present 3DXRD microscope set-up at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, the spatial resolution is ~ 5 µm, while grains of size 100 nm can be detected. 3DXRD microscopy enables, for the first time, dynamic studies of the individual grains and sub-grains within polycrystalline materials. The methodology is reviewed with emphasis on recent advances in grain mapping. Based on this a series of general 3DXRD approaches are identified for studies of nucleation and growth phenomena such as recovery, recrystallisation and grain growth in metals.
Authors: T. Paskova, E. Valcheva, Ivan G. Ivanov, Rositza Yakimova, Susan Savage, Nils Nordell, Chris I. Harris
Authors: S. Sarkar, Mary A. Wells, Warren J. Poole
Abstract: An investigation was conducted on the softening behaviour of cold rolled continuous cast (CC) AA5754 Al alloy and compared to the results for the ingot cast (IC) material. The present study suggests that the CC material exhibits greater resistance to softening as compared to the IC AA5754 for the same amount of cold deformation. The differences in the softening kinetics become more noticeable with increasing level of cold deformation and from a processing point of view can be attributed to the absence of the homogenization stage during the processing of the CC material. Resistivity measurements were carried out during the annealing treatment of the CC materials to examine the possibility of concurrent precipitation, which could potentially retard the softening kinetics for these materials. In addition, the current research reveals that the CC material produces a finer recrystallized grain size as compared to the IC material.
Authors: Abdelali Hayoune
Abstract: In contrast to isothermal aging, few reports document the non-isothermal aging of deformed Al–Mg–Si alloys. The knowledge of non-isothermal aging of pre-deformed Al–Mg–Si alloys is of primary importance to understand the thermal stability as well as to control the microstructure of the final product during industrial processing. Therefore, the present work has been focused to understand the microstructure evolution during the continuous heating of a cold rolled Al–Mg–Si alloy. This has been followed using dilatometry, Differential Scanning Calorimetry, X-Ray Diffraction and microhardness measurement. Based on the results obtained, it is shown that dilatometry is a powerful tool to study phase transformations in deformed Al-Mg-Si alloys, moreover, the microstructural evolution, of the cold rolled sample, can be described as follows: at the earlier stages of the non-isothermal aging, formation and then the reversion of fully coherent GP zones take place. This is followed by the simultaneous occurrence of β” and β’ precipitation and recovery reaction. By continuing aging, the next reactions which will take place are β” and β’ dissolution and recrystallization. Finally, one can observe the formation and then the dissolution of the equilibrium phase β.
Authors: Abdelali Hayoune, Nacereddine Titouche
Abstract: The effects of cold deformation and low temperature aging on the microstructural stability of a peak aged (PA) Al 6061 alloy were investigated by means of DSC and microhardness measurements. During aging at a relatively low temperature (100 °C) of the PA material, a small increasing of the mechanical properties was detected, which was explained by the formation of atomic clusters, GP zones and β phase. The response to the aging treatment of the cold deformed materials depends on both the level of the cold deformation and the aging temperature. During aging at relatively low temperature (100 °C), in contrast to the 75 % deformed material that shows a small variation in their mechanical properties, the mechanical properties, of the 30 % deformed material, are almost constant. This was attributed to the higher driving force of the recovery reaction in the heavily deformed material. In the other hand, aging at relatively higher temperature (140 °C) of the heavily deformed material, leads to a fast softening due to an increasing of the recovery kinetics.
Authors: Han Ping Zhang, Xiao Li Wang, Xu Ming Wang, Sheng Jian, Qun Zhao
Abstract: The run-of-mine of complex lead-zinc ores in Yunnan contains 3.26% lead and 2.54% zinc. When traditional selective flotation flowsheet was adopted, 3.77% yield and 61.92% grade of lead concentrate as well as 5.65% yield and 38.67% grade of zinc concentrate were achieved. Simultaneously, 72.39% lead recovery and 3.83% zinc grade in lead concentrate as well as 80.64% zinc recovery and 6.39% lead grade in zinc concentrate were obtained. Lead concentrate and zinc concentrate obtained from selective flotation contain each other severely, resulting in low recovery of lead and zinc and severe loss of metal, which influences subsequent smelting flowsheet. In addition, due to requirement of large amount of depressant and activator while separating lead and zinc in the process of mineral processing, the cost is very high and the compositions of tail water which can not be recycled by the plant are very complicated. For the combined flowsheet of beneficiation and metallurgy, bulk flotation flowsheet was adopted. Therefore, 11.22% yield of combined lead and zinc concentrate with 25.55% lead grade, 18.33% zinc grade and 86.36% lead recovery were obtained. Gravity separation technology was utilized to separate combined concentrate of lead and zinc. After selecting out part of high quality lead concentrate, the remaining combined concentrate of lead and zinc was treated by acid leaching under high pressure. The final leaching efficiency of zinc was able to reach 97%. The new combined flowsheet has lots of advantages such as shorter flowsheet of beneficiation, simpler reagents, more direct reuse of backwater and higher recovery of metals.
Authors: Si Han, Wen Bin Yao, Bo Shi Liu, Cong Wang
Abstract: Continuous Data Protection is a data recovery method which can protect file systems against malicious attacks or users’ mistakes. This paper proposes BCFBS (BUPT Continuous File Backup System): a continuous data protection architecture at file level. Compared with other approaches, it uses caching technique to protect the consistence between file versions, thereby speeding up both the backup of file version and space recycling. Furthermore, BCFBS combines techniques of filter the type of file, adjusting the frequency of the backup of file with incremental backup to make up the storage waste default of traditional CDP. Experimental results demonstrate that BCFBS can save storage space by 50%.
Authors: Lam Kai Tung, M.Z. Quadir, B.J. Duggan
Authors: Morten M. Eldrup, G.M. Hood, N.J. Pedersen, R.J. Schultz
Authors: Yao Wang, Wei Guo Wang
Abstract: With a view to reverse design of product layer, a tri-level precision model of product-part-functional face based on functional face was organized. The products precision information model was recovered from the 3D model, and the precision design was achieved. The implementation process of precision reconstruction was introduced in detail and a piston fixture was presented as an example for validation.
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