Papers by Keyword: Red-Shift

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Authors: Guo Mei Liu, Kai Wang, Zuo Wan Zhou
Abstract: TiO2 nanoparticles doped with V, Mn or Zn, respectively, were synthesized from pure TiO2 and dopants calcinating at definite temperature. The physical properties of prepared TiO2 nanoparticles were characterized by TEM, XRD and UV-vis spectrum. The TEM images showed that the diameters of the particles were 20~50 nm. There was no peak of doping elements in the XRD spectrum of nano-sized TiO2 doped, but the peak of a little amount of rutile was observed, which demonstrated that V, Mn and Zn might locate in the TiO2 octahedral lattice, or might be highly dispersed within crystalline of TiO2. In the meanwhile, doping of the TiO2 decreased the temperature for TiO2 transforming from anatase into rutile, and promoted the transforming. It was found that a little amount of V5+ may take the place of Ti4+ in the lattice of TiO2. The red-shift was clearly observed in the UV-vis spectrum of TiO2 nanopowders doped with V. As a result, the band gap was changed and the TiO2 nanopowders doped with V enable to absorb visible light. The red-shift could be assigned to the charge transfer transition between the 3d orbital of V5+ and the TiO2 conduction or valance band. The red-shift was not observed in the UV-vis spectrum of TiO2 nanopowders doped with Mn and with Zn, the shape of which was similar to that of pure TiO2. The results of the minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) for Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus showed that vanadium ions doping intensely improved the antibacterial efficiency of nanocrystallites. This was attributed to the change of surface properties of metal ions doped semiconductor, such as O vacancies, Ti interstitial ions and vanadium ions which took the place of titanium.
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Authors: Bong Ju Lee, Sung Gi Kim, Hong Lae Sohn
Abstract: Distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) porous silicons exhibiting unique reflectivity were successfully obtained by an electrochemical etching of silicon wafer using square wave currents. Optically encoded smart dust which retained optical reflectivity was obtained from DBR porous silicon film in organic solution by using ultra-sono method. The size of optically encoded smart dust was measured by field emission scanning electron micrograph (FESEM) and was about 500 nm to few microns depending on the duration of sonication. Investigation for the optical characteristics of smart dust revealed that smart dust could be useful for application such as chemical sensor for detecting organic vapors.
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Authors: Xiao Lan Sun, Yan Hua Dong, Chao Li, Xiao Hong Liu
Abstract: The size of quantum dots (QDs), their shape, and ordered arrays have significant impact on electrical and optical properties of the QDs. We synthesized near-infrared-emitting PbSe QDs via an oil phase method in a noncoordinating solvent. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy were used to characterize the samples. Sizes of the QDs were accurately controlled from 4.2 nm to 10.2 nm through control of the reaction time as well as the growth temperature. The PL spectra showed strong size dependence, which is large red shift with increasing size of the QDs.
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