Papers by Keyword: Resistometry

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Authors: Rafal Kozubski, Mirosław Kozłowski, S. Czekaj, Veronique Pierron-Bohnes, Wolfgang Pfeiler
Abstract: “Order-order” relaxations driven by atomic migration in superstructures proceed in nonsteady- state of a system, which relaxes to the equilibrium atomic configuration. Hence, the corresponding studies are complementary to standard steady-state diffusion investigations. Two time scales operating in “order-order” relaxations in L12-ordered (Ni3Al) and L10-ordered (FePd, FePt) binary intermetallics were experimentally observed. On the other hand, in B2-ordered NiAl – known of a giant vacancy concentration, “order-order” relaxations appeared surprisingly slow. Definite relationships between the activation energies for diffusion ( ) D A E and “order-order” relaxations ( ) O O A E − were revealed: ( ) D A E < ( ) O O A E − in L12-type superstructure; ( ) D A E ³ ( ) O O A E − in L10- and in B2-type superstructures. Corresponding simulation studies elucidated the specific atomistic mechanism of the processes. It has been shown that different time scales active in “order-order” relaxations in L12 and L10-ordered systems follow from specific atomic-jump correlations, which result from non-steady-state conditions and particular superlattice geometries: the availability of easy diffusion channels. A model of “order-order” kinetics in NiAl as controlled by a triple-defect mechanism is proposed.
Authors: I. Pong, Simon C. Hopkins, Xiao Wei Fu, Bartek A. Glowacki, James Elliott, Alberto Baldini
Abstract: The reactive diffusion and phase formation sequences in two types of ‘internal tin’ superconducting wires designed for the ITER project, which investigates the production of electricity by means of nuclear fusion, have been studied during heat treatments both in situ, using electrical resistometry [1] and ex situ, using optical and scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS) and X-ray Micro-Tomography (XMT). XMT reveals long pores in the longitudinal direction which may result in tin deficiency thereat and hence local off-stoichiometric Nb3Sn. Microscopy suggests there are incomplete conversion of elemental tin to copper-tin intermetallics before ramping above the tin melting temperature, nonuniform distribution of tin before formation of Nb3Sn, and filament movement and bridging, stacking cracks and unreacted niobium at the end of the heat treatment. FEGSEM shows a fine microstructure which nevertheless could still be improved.
Authors: V.A. Safonov, E.V. Lapshina, T.H. Minh, S.Yu. Volosova
Authors: P. Duhaj, P. Svec, Igor Matko, Dusan Janickovic
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