Papers by Keyword: Seawater Corrosion

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Authors: Yong Liu, Xing Hua Tong, Bao Guo Li, Yan Gang Wang, Lin Sen Zhu
Abstract: In order to study the corrosion characteristics of 16Mn and Q235B steel in natural seawater, the indoor contrast corrosion experiments are carried out in seawater by electrochemical method. Tafel polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques are employed to investigate the corrosion electrochemical behavior of 16Mn and Q235B steel, which are acquired by electrochemical workstation. The results of polarization curves and EIS reveal the respective corrosion rules of 16Mn and Q235B steel in natural seawater. At last, the different influence of rust layer on the corrosion process of 16Mn and Q235B steel is analyzed contrastively.
1046
Authors: Zi Jian Liu, Bo Diao, Xiao Ning Zheng
Abstract: The durability of coastal reinforced concrete bridge structures will be deteriorated during service due to fatigue loads and Chloride erosion. Through the microscopic tests of reinforced concrete beams after fatigue and seawater corrosion, 10 reinforced concrete beams divided into 5 groups subjected to different fatigue loads were investigated under the alternative action of seawater corrosion, where the deterioration of concrete was degraded. From the experiment, it can be concluded that there was significant self-healing phenomenon on the cracked beams by fatigue loading; And there was regular and clear microcracks in the beams when the maximum fatigue load between 0.16~0.24Pu; the cracks of the beams became obvious,micro cracks increased and crystals can be significantly seen in cracks and low lying location when the maximum fatigue load exceeds 0.24Pu.
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Authors: Wen Bai Liu, Xia Li
Abstract: Mechanical properties of recycled concrete under different conditions were studied in this paper. Based on three kinds of replacement percentage of recycled aggregate and four kinds of seawater corrosion conditions, the experimental study of mechanical properties of recycled concrete specimens corroded by seawater and produced under vacuum conditions were conducted, and compared with that of ordinary concrete specimens. Testing results show that compressive strength of recycled concrete decreases with the increase of both the replacement rate of recycled aggregate and the corrosion time by seawater, with the maximum reduce value is 17.96% and 24.52%; Vacuum conditions effectively improve the strength of recycled concrete, improved value is 1.03-1.19 times of the same replacement ratio of recycled aggregate, and 1.00-1.16 times of the ordinary concrete. It provides the reference for marine engineering application of recycled concrete.
331
Authors: Jochen Aufrecht, Andrew Drach, Adolf Grohbauer, Uwe Hofmann, Stefan Theobald, Igor Tsukrov
Abstract: Corrosion fatigue performance of two copper alloys (admiralty brass and cupronickel 90/10) is investigated by conducting fatigue tests in artificial seawater. Two different experimental setups are developed and used: immersed rotating beam bending of round wires and immersed flexural cycling of rectangular plates. For the second setup, two sets of specimens are used: as-manufactured and after 1-year exposure to natural seawater in North Atlantic. In addition, the fatigue performance is compared between the dry and immersed tests. It is observed that the fatigue life of copper alloys in seawater environment depends on their composition and manufacturing parameters. Immersion in seawater does not affect low-cycle fatigue, however, high-cycle fatigue behavior shows significant differences. It is also observed that one-year preliminary exposure to natural seawater (stress-free corrosion) results in up to three times reduction of fatigue life at stress amplitudes corresponding to high-cycle fatigue.
261
Authors: Peng Cheng, Xian Qiu Huang
Abstract: Aimed at the corrosion problem of DH36 steel in the seawater full immersion zone, corrosion environment of full immersion zone has been simulated with artificial seawater in laboratory. The corrosion behaviors of DH36 steel in the full immersion zone were investigated by using full immersion tests. The morphology of corrosion products was observed by SEM. Using linear regression analysis to establish the relationship between temperature and the corrosion of DH36 steel. The results showed that the corrosion of DH36 steel immersed in full immersion zone corroded seriously, and the corrosion rate of DH36 steel increased with temperature increasing.
1115
Authors: Yue Zhong Lin
Abstract: The reinforced concrete construction of port, wharf, inshore platform etc, which expose in the bad environment, can suffer influence of the corrosion and lower its safety. Particularly with the seawater corrosion, the reinforced concrete construction will suffer to break easily and result a bigness of loss. Therefore, the construction's safe and dependable increasingly become the important problem that study by people. The paper tested the load about 15 experiment columns of reinforced concrete, which are eroded in the artificial seawater corrosion, studied the load changing of reinforced concrete column which in different times of suffering decay. It afforded the basis for analysis the load of reinforced concrete construction in the corrosion environment.
975
Authors: Han Tan
Abstract: The angular sensor is frequently used to measure relative angle changes between two structural components, from the perspective of working principles, it can be divided into "angular displacement" and "linear displacement" angular sensor. In the application under water, the watertightness of traditional angular sensor can not meet the requirements, and the sensor is easy to corrode in the sea water, causing damage to the sensor. The outer shell of new underwater angular sensor is made of 304 stainless steel, by making use of the exclusion principle of magnet and the synchronous changes of magnetic axis driven by magnetism, the angle transducer in the body can measure the relative angle changes between two structural components under water.
205
Authors: Bao Guo Li, Xing Hua Tong, Yong Liu, Yan Gang Wang, Lin Sen Zhu
Abstract: In order to study the corrosion characteristics of 16Mn and X42 steel in natural seawater, the indoor contrast corrosion experiments are carried out in seawater by electrochemical method. Tafel polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques are employed to investigate the corrosion electrochemical behavior of 16Mn and X42 steel, which are acquired by electrochemical workstation. The results of polarization curves and EIS reveal the respective corrosion rules of 16Mn and X42 steel in natural seawater. At last, the different influence of corrosion scale on the corrosion process of 16Mn and X42 steel is analyzed contrastively.
599
Authors: Yue Jiang, Ying Ying Ai, Qi Ting Wang
Abstract: The seawater corrosion resistance performances of 00Cr13Ni7Co5Mo4W maraging stainless steel were contrastively investigated by using electrochemical measurements and chemical immersion tests. The results show that breakdown potential of specimen in aging-state is reduced due to R phase precipices during aging. The difference between breakdown potential and protection potential of maraging stainless steel is little, and the restorability of the passive film is strong with small-scale shallow pits. After solution treated at 1100°C for 1h followed by aged 490°C for 8h,the breakdown potential and the annual corrosion rate of 00Cr13Ni7Co5Mo4W maraging stainless steel were 230 mV and 1.5091µm/a , respectively, showing a good resistance to seawater corrosion.
402
Authors: Cai Xiang Gu, Yun Peng Zhu, Shuang Ming Li, Xiang Hua Ren
Abstract: The experiments were simulated based on the real environment of The East China sea. It were conducted to study HAZ seawater corrosion behaviors as well as effect of welding process on the corrosion performance of 304 stainless steel at different welding processes of argon arc welding with electrochemical technology. The results indicated that when the welding current increases, the corrosion rate of stainless steel sample will also increase while the open circuit potential will decrease. And with the increasing argon flow rate , the results will completely be opposite. The largest impedance size of the parent metal is 36.175 Ω/ cm2 and the minimum impedance size of B1R is 12.531 Ω/ cm2.
1029
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