Papers by Keyword: Slip Casting

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Authors: A. Kanouni, D. Saber, Azzeddine Samdi, A. Daoudi, Redouane Moussa, M. Gomina
Authors: Lin Feng Xu, Yun Feng Li, An Ze Shui, Yan Min Wang
Abstract: Various textured alumina ceramics were prepared by colloidal processing in high magnetic field and heating from alumina powder as raw material in this study. The effects of the magnetic field strength, heating time and heating temperature on the particle orientation were systematically examined for these samples with scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) etc. The experimental results showed that alumina grains are polyhedral ball shape of, no textured structure exists in the sintered bodies without magnetic field treatment; the alumina grains align with the c-axis parallel the magnetic field direction under high magnetic field, the grains present strip shape in the sintered alumina bodies with the magnetic field treatment; the particle orientation degree increases with increasing the heating time and heating temperature; when the sintering temperature achieves about 1823K, the textured microstructure can be obviously observed in the sintered alumina bodies.
Authors: Rogério Pinto Mota, Rodrigo Sampaio Fernandes, Élson de Campos, Emerson Ferreira de Lucena, Mauricio A. Algatti
Abstract: The starch consolidation technique is commonly used for obtaining porous ceramics due to bonding and porous-maker starch characteristic during gelling process. The method adopted here improved the water drainage by using a plaster porous base (70 and 90 consistency values) improving the water drainage by action of gravity and the capillary effect. It used slip with 50 vol% solids and as precursors oxide A-1000SG and commercial cornstarch with a mass concentration varying from 10 to 40%. For comparison between the present method and the common one, slip was put in impermeable and permeable base moulds. The gelling occurred at 70°C for 2 hours and the drying at 110°C. Pre-sintering was carried out at 1000°C and the sintering at 1600°C with a plateau of 1 hour. Results showed that the plaster consistency of the mould bases was preponderant on ceramics porosity. Porosity and apparent density measurements using light and electron microscopy revealed variation of 5% of porosity from the top to the bottom of the samples.
Authors: Mikolaj Szafran, K. Jach, A. Tomaszewska-Grzeda
Authors: Xin Wen Zhu, Tetsuo Uchikoshi, Yoshio Sakka
Abstract: Recently, textured microstructure has received particular interest in the processing of advanced Si3N4 ceramics because of significant improvement in the mechanical properties and thermal conductivity. This work will report a highly textured β-Si3N4 ceramic by aqueous slip casting in a magnetic field and subsequent pressureless sintering, using commercial α-Si3N4 raw powder and a mixture of Y2O3 and Al2O3 as sintering aids. To obtain the well-dispersed Si3N4- Y2O3-Al2O3 slurries, polyethylenimine (PEI) was chosen as a dispersant. Effects of the sintering aids, PEI amount, pH and stirring time on the stability of the Si3N4 slurries were studied. It is shown that PEI is an effective dispersant for stabilizing the Si3N4-Y2O3-Al2O3 slurries that does not show a time-dependent behavior at an optimum pH ≈ 10, compared to the case in the absence of PEI. Using the 30 vol% Si3N4-Y2O3-Al2O3 slurries stabilized with 1.5 dwb% PEI at pH 10, the highly textured β-Si3N4 with 97 % relative density could be obtained by slip casting in a magnetic field of 12 T and subsequent sintering at 1800 oC for 1 h. The textured microstructure is featured by the alignment of c-axis of β-Si3N4 crystals perpendicular to the magnetic field, and the Lotgering orientation factor, f, is determined to be 0.8.
Authors: Minoru Takahashi, Y. Kataoka, C.-S. Chieh, M. Oya, Masayoshi Fuji
Authors: A. Arellano, J. Lemus-Ruiz, D. Bouvard, L. Olmos
Abstract: The effect of the transformation of phase in nanopowders of transition alumina has showed to be detrimental for the final characteristics of the consolidated materials. It was found that the complete transformation from gamma (γ-Al2O3) to alpha (α-Al2O3) alumina generated larger grain sizes and lower relative densities. This work studies the effect of slip casting preformed on the transformation phase of alumina during microwave sintering of α-alumina nanopowders. The sintering of the samples was carried out in a typical unimodal microwave furnace with a 2.5 GHz frequency. Sintering was carried out under air atmosphere at temperatures vary between 1100 and 1500 °C with heating rate of 100 and 200 °C/min and with a sintering plateau of 5 minutes. Sample characterization was performed by XRD, SEM, and TEM. The phase quantification was calculated using the Rietveld software from the XRD patterns. To have a good heating control in the microwave system it is possible by using slip casting to preform compact. It was observed that the heating rate has a strong effect on the phase transformations. Secondary phases like θ, θ’(x, y) appeared in samples sintered with a heating rate of 200 °C/min no matter the sintering temperature. Meanwhile the complete alumina transformation was found when sample were heating at 100 °C/min.
Authors: Yuan Li, Yue Qiu
Abstract: Co-deposition of silicon carbide particles and carbon (or carbon sources) particles is essential for preparation of reaction bonded silicon carbide (RBSC) products by slip casting. The way of co-depositing of silicon carbide particles and carbon particles during slip casting process, and the influence of composition of raw particles on particle co-depositing in green bodies were studied. The experiment results show: 1.Co-deposition of binary particles is greatly affected by particle size distribution, and large proportion of rigid SiC particles increases the difficulty in demoulding procedure because of small shrinkage; 2. Dispersants in deposited cake trend to enrich at the surface in contact with mould wall, while this enrichment of dispersant has little effect on mechanical performance of RBSC products; 3. Sharp edges on surface of raw particles could result to friction among particles, which afford strength to green bodies but prevent particles packing more closely.
Authors: Łukasz Zych, Anna Wajler, Radosław Lach
Abstract: Magnesium-aluminium spinel (MgAl2O4) in the form of transparent ceramics is applied in shields of infrared detectors or emitters, high-temperature widows and elements of military aircrafts and vehicles. Apart from high transparency for specific wave lengths, such materials should have good mechanical properties, especially hardness. It is the reason for production of the fine-grained materials. It seems that they can be produced from submicron powders consolidated by one of colloidal techniques. The work presents preliminary results of investigations on colloidal consolidation of two fine spinel powders with different particle size by pressure filtration and slip casting. The aim of the studies was consolidation of the fine powders leading to green samples with narrow pore size distribution. The samples were then sintered in isothermal conditions. Microstructure, Vickers hardness and transmission in infrared spectrum of the dense materials were examined.
Authors: Noor Faeizah Amat, Andanastuti Muchtar, Norziha Yahaya, Mariyam Jameelah Ghazali, Chin Chuin Hao
Abstract: Consolidation of ceramic parts may be achieved by several techniques, including the slip casting and cold isostatic pressing (CIP) methods. In the present work, the performances of the two methods are compared in the fabrication of nanostructured zirconia compacts for dental crown applications. First, a zirconia suspension suitable for slip casting was prepared. The rheological properties of the zirconia suspension were optimized by adding a dispersant agent and controlling the pH. Zirconia slurries were then slip-cast into a pellet. Second, another group of zirconia pellets were fabricated using uniaxial pressing and were then cold-isostatically pressed. Both slip-cast and CIP samples were sintered at 1300 °C with a soaking time of 2 hrs. The mechanical properties of both samples were compared. The samples prepared by slip casting were denser compared with those prepared via CIP. Slip casting technique produced samples with 98.8% of the theoretical density, which resulted in the high Vickers hardness (11.4 GPa) of the slip-cast samples. Morphological studies revealed that the microstructures of the slip cast-sample were more homogeneous and contain no porosity. The formation of such a structure is due to the enhancement of the particle packing efficiency by slip casting as well as to the removal of larger agglomerates by colloidal processing prior to casting. As a consolidation stage, slip casting appears to be more suitable than the CIP technique in preparing reliable nanostructural ceramic parts.
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