Papers by Keyword: Superplasticity

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Authors: Wei Neng Tang, Hong Yan, Rong Shi Chen, En Hou Han
Abstract: Superplastic deformation (SPD) behaviors of two fine-grained materials produced by ECAE and hot rolling methods have been contrastively studied in this paper. It is found that the optimum superplastic condition in as-ECAEed material was at 350°C and 1.7×10-3s-1 with elongation to failure about 800%; while in as-rolled material, the largest elongation to failure about 1000% was obtained at 480°C and 5.02×10-4s-1. Microstructure observation showed that grain evolution and cavitation behavior were different in these two materials during superplastic deformation. The controlled mechanisms for superplasticity, i.e. grain boundary sliding (GBS), dislocation creep and diffusional creep, at different deformation conditions were discussed in terms of strain rate sensitivity coefficient, stress exponent and activity energy.
203
Authors: N. Akkus, Kenichi Manabe, Masakazu Kawahara, H. Nishimura
729
Authors: Xue Feng Xu, Ning Li, Gao Chao Wang, Hong Bo Dong
Abstract: A thermal-mechanical coupled analysis of superplastic differential temperature deep drawing (SDTDD) with the MARC finite element code is performed in this paper. Initial drawing blank of an AA5083 bracket was calculated and adjusted according to the simulation result. During the SDTDD simulation, the power-law constitutive model of AA5083 was established as function of temperature and implanted in software MARC through new complied subroutine. Under the guide of the numerical simulation, the die was fabricated and the AA5083 bracket was successfully manufactured via superplastic differential temperature deep drawing. In forming practice, the temperature of female die was kept at 525°C, i.e. the optimal superplastic temperature of AA5083, and the punch was cooled by the flowing water throughout the forming process. The drawing velocity of punch was 0.1mm/s. Results revealed that the formed bracket had a sound uniform thickness distribution. Good agreement was obtained between the formed thickness profiles and the predicted ones.
392
Authors: L.M. Dougherty, Ian M. Robertson, J.S. Vetrano, S.M. Bruemmer
93
Authors: Koichi Makii, Seiya Furuta, Kazuo Aoki, Atsumichi Kushibe, Tsutomu Tanaka, Kenji Higashi
497
Authors: Jin Onuki, Akane Saitou, Akio Chiba, Kunihiro Tamahashi, Yoshinobu Motohashi, Yuji Kawamata
Abstract: A new high-temperature lead-free solder joint which withstands up to 300°C utilizing superplasticity in the Al-Zn eutectoid alloy has been developed to realize SiC power semiconductor devices. The new solid state joining process consists of interfacial cleaning of joints utilizing superplasticity of the Al-Zn-eutectoid alloy at 250°C followed by diffusion bonding between 350 and 390°C. The bonding strength of the new joints exhibits almost the same value at the temperature range from RT to 300°C, above which it decreases slightly with increasing temperature. It is also found that the bonding strength of the new joints is 8 times as high as those of a high-temperature Pb-5wt%Sn-1.5wt%Ag solder and the Al-Zn eutectoid alloy solder without utilizing superplasticity at 250°C. The Al-Zn eutectoid alloy solder joint has shown high reliability in the temperature cycle testing between 50°C and 300°C up to 300 cycles.
482
Authors: Quan Lin Jin
Abstract: A numerical simulation of superplastic double-sided roll forming of aluminium alloy discal part is presented in this paper. The numerical results show strain and strain rate distribution, grain refinment, transformation from general hot forging to superplastic forming. The superplastic forming includes two stages: the small deformation stage is controlled by plastic deformation and grain refinment, and the large deformation stage superplastic deformation is main deformation mechanism.
278
Authors: Yoshinobu Motohashi, Makoto Kikuchi, Takaaki Sakuma, Eitaro Yukutake, Isao Kuboki
Abstract: During superplastic deformation (SPD) of tetragonal zirconia polycrystals containing 3 mol% yttria (3Y-TZP) at high strain-rates, a number of crack-like flat cavities having very narrow gaps lying along grain boundaries mostly normal to the tensile axis are produced in addition to conventional cavities. The formation and growth of these flat cavities are responsible for the strain softening that appears on the true stress versus true strain curves. The growth and coalescence of the flat cavities were a main cause of the degradation of elongation to fracture. We have found that a simple treatment, in which the superplastic deformation is temporally stopped, i.e., the cross-head movement is reversed and accordingly the applied load is removed, and then the specimen is kept at the test temperature for several minutes, is surprisingly effective to reduce the flat cavities. Carrying out this simple treatment repeatedly, after 30% nominal stain during the SPD, led to an increace in total elongation by about three times larger than that of a specimen not subjected to such a treatment. This treatment can also recover the strength and accordingly mechanical properties of the superplastically deformed 3Y-TZP to that of the undeformed state. This finding is believed to be quite significant for practical applications of superplasticity in 3Y-TZP, because the flat cavities can be closed very simply by keeping a product at the forming temperature after or during the superplastic forming process.
339
Authors: Chang Liang Li, Hua Ding, Yong Qing Zhao, Lian Zhou
Abstract: Superplastic forming provides a good way for Ti alloys which are usually difficult to be deformed. Ti75 alloy with a nominal composition of Ti-3Al-2Mo-2Zr is a newly developed corrosion resistant alloy, with a middle strength and high toughness. In the present paper, superplastic behavior of the alloy was investigated, the microstructural evolution in superplastic deformation was observed and the superplastic deformation mechanisms were analyzed. The results showed that the strain rate sensitivity, m, of the Ti75 alloy was larger than 0.3 and the strain was over 2.0 without surface cracking at 800°C and 5×10-4s-1 in compressive testing. During the first stage of superplastic deformation, a phase grains became equiaxed, fine and homogeneous due to the recrystallization in a phase and diffusion in b phase. Newly formed equiaxed a grains then could slide and rotate, exhibiting superplastic features. The stress concentration caused by grain sliding of a grains could be released by slip and diffusion in b phase between the a phase grains, which acted as accommodation mechanisms.
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