Papers by Keyword: Surfactant

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Authors: Xin De Cai, Dong Ying Wang, Hui Li, Shi Yin Li, Lai Guo Chen
Abstract: A static aeration biopile process was used to bioremediate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-contaminated soil using four different approaches for treating about 30 m3 of soil at a former oil-producing site. The four treatments investigated were as follows: (i) fertilizer plus bulking agent (FB); (ii) fertilizer, bulking agent, plus Tween 80 (FBT); (iii) fertilizer, bulking agent, Tween 80, plus fungi agent (FBTF); and (iv) fertilizer, bulking agent, bacterial inoculum, plus fungi agent (FBBF). After bioremediation for 320 days, the total amount of 16 PAHs ranged from 4.14 to 5.31 mg/kg in the final soil, removal rates ranging from 75.5% to 81.5%. The sum concentration of seven carcinogenic PAHs decreased down to 0.15 mg/kg. The values of the total toxicity equivalence concentrations for 16 PAHs ranged from 0.014 to 0.068 mg/kg. The removal rates of the 16 PAHs in these four different treatments decreased in order FBBF > FBT > FBTF > FB.
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Authors: Xiao Hui Yang, Zhi Min Wang, Fei Jing, Li Hong Hu, Yong Hong Zhou
Abstract: Cardanol, as one of components of cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL), is a mixture of 3-n-pentadecylphenol, 3-(pentadeca-8-enyl)phenol, 3-(pentadeca-8,11-dienyl)phenol and 3-(pentadeca-8,11,14-trienyl)phenol. It has both the characteristics of phenolic compounds and flexibility of aliphatic compounds. As a versatile industrial raw materials, it has been widely used as modifiers of the phenolic resin, rubber plasticizers, coatings and adhesives etc. Specially, cardanol-based surfactants have been reported using with long-chain alkyl moieties as lipophilic group in recent years. Herein, the application of this natural and renewable material to both academic and industrial research of cardanol-based surfactants will be discussed.
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Authors: Guo Feng Wang, Lian Zhen Song, Zhi Li Wei, Xue Wu Wang
Abstract: Based on the viscosity of 10mPa.s after high speed shearing and the limit surfactants up to ultra-low interfacial tension, polymers and surfactant systems suitable for Longhupao oilfield were optimized by means of mixing formation simulation water with different polymers and surfactants. The relationship between the interfacial tension of the compound system and the component concentration, the effect of surfactants on viscosity, the injectivity of the compound system, etc. were studied on the basis of the research on the binary compound system. The results indicate that the viscosity of the compound system is lower than that of a single polymer solution to a certain degree and the compound system has good migration character in cores. In addition, core flooding experiments on slug combination optimization were made. The experiment results show that the compounded system with pre-pad polymers and surfactants has good oil displacement efficiency and in terms of enhancing the recovery efficiency, chemical flooding should be implemented as soon as possible.
233
Authors: S. Roy Choudhury, R. Yadav, A.N. Maitra, P.C. Jain
1517
Authors: Lei Li, Xian Yu Zhang, Hong Wei Wang, Xin Ge Wang, Xiu Ling Wei, Jun Sheng Wang
Abstract: Gelatin and polyethylene oxide and styrene-butadiene rubber to blend with water as solvents, and add to improve adhesion surface active agent, the composition of multi-component blend to lithium iron phosphate batteries battery anode materials have the effect of adhesion. Experiments show that the multi-component water-based adhesives in lithium iron phosphate coating process good effect.
157
Authors: Lei Li, Xin Ge Wang, Yuan Da Wang, Xian Yu Zhang, Gui Qin Chen, Qing Xia
Abstract: Gelatin and polyethylene oxide and styrene-butadiene rubber to blend with water as solvents, and add to improve adhesion surface active agent, the composition of multi-component blend to lithium iron phosphate batteries battery anode materials have the effect of adhesion. Experiments show that the multi-component water-based composite binder in lithium iron phosphate coating process good dispersion effect.
173
Authors: P. Tserotas, E. Statharas, Ioannis Kartswnakis
Abstract: PEGylated, monodispersed, superparamagnetic, iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe3O4 / γ-Fe2O3) were synthesized by using a novel metal-organic approach in three steps. Ferric nitrate nonahydrate, Fe (NO3)3.9H2O, was used as iron source, which was sterically hindered among the interstices and / or in the cavities of β-Cyclodextrin (β-CD) molecules, following a modified complexation procedure. Via a polyol process the obtained complex system was first dispersed in polyethylene glycol (PEG) and under mild thermal treatment and in the presence of 1,12 dodecanediol, a new complex system of carboxylate type was formed, between ferric nitrate and PEG, denoted Fe (NO3)3.9H2O-PEG. This metal-organic precursor was thermally decomposed, forming the iron oxide nanoparticles. The obtained particles were characterized by X-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM).
693
Authors: P. Tserotas, E. Statharas, Ioannis Kartswnakis
Abstract: Monodispersed magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles were obtained via an innovative three step synthetic approach. First, the formation of iron enneacarbonyl, Fe2(CO)9, a stable, solid organometallic complex compound, took place in a hexane solution, by the decomposition reaction of the unstable, liquid iron pentacarbonyl, Fe (CO)5, in the presence of sunlight and mild heating. In a second step, the dry compound Fe2(CO)9 was complexed with β-Cyclodextrin (β-CD) molecules, according to a combination of two modified complexation procedures. Steric hindrance of the organometallic molecules was achieved, among the interstices of the formed CD molecular network, which poses a novel, very crucial size control factor and stabilizing agent for the synthesized nanoparticles.
685
Authors: Cheng Yong Wang, Zhe Qin, Xin Wei, Yun Xia Wu
111
Authors: Tang Kai, Yan Jie
Abstract: Several surfactants were studied in cemented carbides ball milling in this paper by analyzing cemented carbides mechanical properties and SEM images. Appropriate surfactants used in ball milling were selected to replace commonly used surfactant, stearic acid. Impacts of surfactants on hardness, magnetic force and magnetic saturation were also discussed. Oleic acid and AEO-3 as the better surfactant than stearic acid were selected after experiments. How containing oxygen compound affects the cemented carbide mechanical property cannot be recommended at this stage; further investigations are required.
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