Papers by Keyword: Terpolymerization

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Authors: Yong Feng Li, Bao Gang Wang, Qi Liang Fu, Yi Xing Liu, Xiao Ying Dong
Abstract: In order to improve the value-added applications of low-quality wood, a novel composite, wood-polymer composite, was fabricated by in-situ terpolymerization of MMA, VAc and St within wood porous structure. The structure of the composite and the reaction of monomers within wood were both analyzed by SEM and FTIR, and the mechanical properties were also evaluated. The SEM observation showed that the polymer mainly filled up wood pores, suggesting good polymerizating crafts. The FTIR results indicated that under the employed crafts, three monomers terpolymerized in wood porous structure, and grafted onto wood matrix through reaction of ester group from monomers and hydroxyl group from wood components, suggesting chemical combination between the two phases. The mechanical properties of the wood-polymer composite involving modulus of rupture, compressive strength, wearability and hardness were improved 69%, 68%, 36% and 210% over those of untreated wood, respectively. Such method seems to be an effective way to converting low-quality wood to high-quality wood.
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Authors: Yong Feng Li, Yi Xing Liu, Feng Hu Wang, Duo Jun Lv, Chi Jiang
Abstract: Inspired from the natural porous structure of wood, a novel wood-polymer composite combining both advantages of wood with high strength-to-weight ratio as a natural renewable resource and polymer as a reinforcer was manufactured by synthesis of terpolymer of methyl methacrylate (MMA), Styrene (St) and Vinyl Acetate (VAc) inside wood. The three kinds of monomers with a few of 2,2'- azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN) as an initiator, as well as some additives were first impregnated into wood porous structure under a pressure condition, and then initiated for terpolymerization through a catalyst-thermal treatment. The impregnating conditions containing pressure value and pressure time, and polymerizing crafts including heating temperature and heating time, as well as additive content were confirmed according to rate of monomer loading and rate of polymer loading inside wood. Results indicate that among these influencing factors, pressure and temperature were the significant influencing factors; and the rate of monomer loading and rate of polymer loading linearly positive correlated to them, respectively. SEM observation shows that the terpolymer fully filled in wood porous structure under the optimum manufacturing craft.
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