Papers by Keyword: Thermal Expansion

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Authors: Kouichi Yasuda, Tadachika Nakayama, Satoshi Tanaka
Abstract: A mechanical model is proposed to estimate internal stress during sintering of ceramic multiphase laminates. A symmetrical multi-layered laminate is assumed, and one-dimensional elastic analysis is carried out on the change in stress of each layer during sintering, based on the differences in sintering strain, thermal expansion strain and phase transformation strain between the layers. By taking a limit such that the thickness of each layer approaches infinitesimally small, the internal stress expression can be extended into the case of the materials with continuous compositional change (viz. functionally gradient materials).
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Authors: Yu Cheng Yin, Shan Ge, Nan Li
Abstract: In order to overcome the disadvantages of thermal expansion measurements using small samples, such as 10mm×50mm, for refractories with aggregates larger than 20mm, a new apparatus and method were developed by Wuhan University of Science and Technology for the thermal expansion determination of refractories using large samples. Thermal expansion determination of large refractory samples, such as 40mm×40mm×160mm, can be finished by this new apparatus up to 1600°C. During the process of thermal expansion measurement by this new apparatus, the temperature difference along the length of large refractory sample with large aggregates can be observed by three thermocouples, which were inserted into sample. Determination was done when the whole sample is the same temperature or in the permissible temperature range. Results comparison between this new apparatus and calibrated model 1161V dilatometer produced by ANTER Corporation show that developed apparatus has good accuracy.
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Authors: Zhi Jie Li, Shi Fa Wang, Bo Li, Xia Xiang
Abstract: FeMnO3 powders were synthesized through a modified polyacrylamide gel route. The gel and the heat treated final powders have been characterized by X-ray diffractometry (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analysis (TG/DSC) and field-emission scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Phase transformation sequence of dry gel during heating is (Mn+3,Fe+3)2O3→(α-Mn2O3)·(α-Fe2O3)→FeMnO3. The thermal expansion properties of as-prepared sample were determined. From 100 to 700 °C, the average coefficient of expansion is 9.0139×10-6 /K. The experimental results demonstrates that the FeMnO3 sample exhibit a ferromagnetic transitions with TN ≈ 40 K.
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Authors: Qi Bing Chang, Xia Wang, Jian Er Zhou, Yong Qing Wang, Guang Yao Meng
Abstract: To explain the deformation during the co-sintering of NiO/YSZ-YSZ coating, the sintering shrinkage of NiO, NiO/YSZ and YSZ were measured by dilatometer. The coefficient of deformation variable (CDV, α) is defined to describe the difference of the sintering behaviors between the layers constrained.
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Authors: Qiang Xu, Wei Pan, Chun Lei Wan, Long Hao Qi, He Zhuo Miao, Fu Chi Wang
Abstract: Based on La2Zr2O7 ceramic for thermal barrier coatings, LaSmZr2O7 ceramic doped with samarium ion was successfully prepared using solid state reaction method. The pellets were sintered at 1600°C for 10 hours in air. The phase structure, thermal conductivity and thermal expansion coefficient of LaSmZr2O7 ceramic and La2Zr2O7 ceramic were measured by XRD, laser-flash device, high-temperature dilatometry, respectively. The results show that the crystal structure of LaSmZr2O7 ceramic is not affected by the doped samarium ion in the zirconium lattice. The thermophysical results show that the thermal conductivity of the LaSmZr2O7 ceramic is lower than that of La2Zr2O7 ceramic, while the thermal expansion coefficient is higher than that of La2Zr2O7 ceramic. These results indicate that LaSmZr2O7 ceramic or Ln2Zr2O7 ceramics doped with other rare earth ions could be candidate materials for future thermal barrier coatings.
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Authors: Qiang Xu, Wei Pan, Chun Lei Wan, Long Hao Qi, He Zhuo Miao
Abstract: Sm1.9Ca0.1Zr2O6.95 ceramic was sintered at 1600°C for 10 h in air by solid-state reaction method. The phase structure and thermal expansion coefficient were measured by XRD and a high-temperature dilatometry, respectively. The results show that the crystal structure of Sm1.9Ca0.1Zr2O6.95 ceramic is still pyrochlore. The doping with calcium cation leads to a shift of the X-ray spectrum of Sm1.9Ca0.1Zr2O6.95 ceramic to lower 2θ values. The experiments also show that the thermal expansion coefficients of Sm1.9Ca0.1Zr2O6.95 ceramic are higher than those of Sm2Zr2O7 ceramic. These results are related to the vacancy induced by doped calcium cation in the samarium lattice.
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Authors: A. Adamčíková, B. Taraba, J. Kováčik
Abstract: Aluminium foam is a unique material possessing very high thermal diffusivity due to high thermal conductivity of the cell walls accompanied with rather low overall thermal conductivity, controlled via porosity [1]. There is a presumption of increasing influence at thermal diffusivity of aluminium foam by decreasing porosity, following the presented results (e.g. by using the transient plane source method [2]) and relation between thermal diffusivity and density. Thermal diffusivity of aluminium foam considering various porosity and various compositions of precursors were observed. The Aluminium foam was prepared by the powder metallurgy route, also well known as the ALULIGHT process, and various densities were achieved by changing of parameters (temperature, time) of foaming. The following types of foamable precursors were used: AlMg1Si0.6, AlSi10, as blowing agent was used 0.8 wt. % of TiH2.The thermal diffusivity of particular precursors by the flash method was measured. Specific heat capacities of samples with different density were measured by a calorimeter for various temperatures. The coefficient of thermal conductivity as a function of temperature was calculated by heat transient experiment data and numerical simulation consequently as an inverse heat transfer task. The problem was solved by the finite element method using the engineering-scientific program code ANSYS. The results depend on the thermal diffusivity, on the porosity and the type of precursor. Despite that aluminium foam is considered as a type of composite, thermophysical properties could be calculated upon known volume of aluminium alloy and air in the pores However there is a presumption that this rule cannot be used in case of porous materials. Values obtained by the mentioned methodology shown a significant influence on the porosity and the thermal diffusivity of the aluminium foam.
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Authors: Mabito Iguchi, Masako Kataoka, Shinya Kikuchi, Mamoru Ishii
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Authors: Yong Wu He, Rui Sheng Wang, Jing Long Bu, Jun Xing Chen, Zhi Fa Wang
Abstract: Fused silica particles and zirconyl chloride were used as main raw material. Meanwhile, ammonia was used as precipitator and polyethylene glycol as dispersant. Firstly, the composite powders were prepared by wet chemical synthesis. Then, fused silica/zirconia ceramic composites containing zirconia with different contents (5%, 15%, 25%, 35% and 45%) were fabricated in reduction atmosphere at 1300°C, 1350°C and 1400°C for 1 h. The thermal expansion ratios and XRD of samples were examined. The analysis of XRD indicated that the cristobalite peaks intensity of sample with more zirconia is lower at the same sintering temperature, and the intensity of cristobalite was higher while sintered at higher temperature. Zircons were found in all samples’ XRD patterns. The results of thermal expansion ratios showed the ratios of samples with more zirconia were lower, especially at higher sintering temperature. So, existence of zirconia can inhibit crystallization of fused silica/zirconia ceramic composites effectively.
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Authors: Jin Kyung Lee, Young Chul Park, Sang Ll Lee, Joon Hyun Lee, Jong Baek Lee
Abstract: Tensile residual stress happen by difference of coefficients of thermal expansion between fiber and matrix is one of the serious problems in metal matrix composite (MMC). TiNi alloy fiber was used to solve the problem of the tensile residual stress as the reinforced material. TiNi alloy fiber improves the tensile strength of composite by occurring compressive residual stress using shape memory effect in the matrix. A hot press method was used to create the optimal condition for the fabrication of shape memory alloy (SMA) composite. The bonding effect between the matrix and the reinforcement within the SMA composite was strengthened by the cold rolling. The fabricated composite by these processes can be applied as a part of the aircraft, and this part is operated under severe flying condition such as low temperature and high pressure. In this study, an acoustic emission technique was used to quantify the microscopic damage behavior of cold rolled TiNi/Al6061 SMA composite at low temperature condition. The results showed that the tensile strength of the TiNi/Al6061 SMA composite increased with the TiNi reinforcement at low temperature condition, but the strength for the specimen subjected to the cold rolling decreased. AE parameters of AE counts, amplitude and energy were useful to evaluate the microscopic damage behavior of the composite.
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