Papers by Keyword: TiN

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Authors: Xin Tan, Yu Qing Li, Xue Jie Liu
Abstract: With a motivation to understand microscopic aspects of TiN relevant to the electronic structure, phonon and thermal properties of transition metal nitride TiN superlattices, we determine its electronic structure, phonon spectra and thermal properties using first-principles calculations based on density functional theory with a generalized gradient approximation of the exchange correlation energy. We find that the electronic bands crossed by EF are half occupied, TiN has the ability of taking part in chemical reactions and also has the surface activity; A large gap in its phonon spectra, anomalies in the phonon dispersion of metallic TiN, manifested as dips in acoustic branches, but it do not contain soft modes in any direction; The specific heat (Cv) of TiN rises rapidly at low temperatures, the Cv values of the material, is identical to the Dulong-Petit value at high temperatures. Under the quasi-harmonic approximation (QHA), the thermal expansion, specific heat and bulk modulus B(T) are obtained, and the B(T) decreases along with the increase of temperature.
Authors: Jadesada Rujisomnapa, Surasak Surinphong, Pornwasa Wongpanya
Abstract: The objective of this research is to study wear behaviors of TiN, nanolaminated AlCrN and nanocomposite TiAlSiN coated on cemented carbide end mill deposited by cathodic arc physical vapor deposition methods in comparison with uncoated end mill. Wear behaviors were investigated by nanoindentation hardness test, scratch test and cutting test. Oxidation test was also done in air at temperatures of 700°- 900°C in order to evaluate resistance of oxidation. In the nanoindentation hardness and scratch tests, nanocomposite TiAlSiN coating exhibited higher hardness than TiN and nanolaminated AlCrN coatings. The nanolaminated AlCrN coating represented the highest adhesion ability in terms of critical load and the lowest coefficient of friction in comparison with the TiAlSiN and TiN coatings, respectively. The cutting performance, represented in terms of maximum flank wear as a function of cutting length, was found to be highest in the AlCrN coating. Oxides of these coatings, i.e., TiO2 for TiN, TiO2 for TiAlSiN and Cr2O3 for AlCrN, generated at different temperatures of 700°, 800° and 900°C, respectively. From all of results, it is obvious that the AlCrN coating exhibited more excellent wear resistance and oxidation resistance than the uncoated end mill, TiN coating and TiAlSiN coating.
Authors: E. Ayas, Alpagut Kara, Ferhat Kara
Abstract: An effective approach for preparing electrically conductive SiAlON-TiN composites was developed. Granules of a designed composition of α- SiAlON was obtained by spray drying and coated with varying amounts of TiO2 powder homogenously by mechanical mixing. Fully dense composites were obtained by spark plasma sintering (SPS) under a pressure of 50 MPa at 1650°C for 5min. According to the SEM analysis, unique microstructures containing continuously segregated in-situ formed TiN phase in 3-D were achieved. Additionally, XRD studies revealed that all TiO2 was successfully converted to TiN. The resistivity of the α-β SiAlON (1x1011 .m) was drastically reduced with the addition of only 5 vol. % TiO2 (2x10-4 .m).
Authors: Hong Tao Chu, Jin Qiu Zhang, Mao Zhong An
Abstract: A bright tin coating was prepared by electrodeposition method in the electroplating system of methanesulfonic acid. The effects of methylsulfonic acid concentration, main salt concentration, current density and brightener on brightness of coating were investigated by orthogonal experiment. A plating process of bright tin was confirmed: concentration of methylsulfonic acid: concentration of Sn2+: current density: 2.5A/dm2, dosage of brightener: at the same time, current efficiency, throwing power, covering power and electrochemical behavior for the process were inspected systematically. And the coatings are characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM).
Authors: George G. Totir, Mahmoud Khojasteh, Ronald Nunes, Emanuel I. Cooper, Matthew Kern, Kim van Berkel, Makonnen Payne, Ronald Dellaguardia, Bang To, Siegfried Maurer
Abstract: An all-wet process based on a novel chemistry has been developed to enable the removal of high-dose implanted photoresist in the presence of exposed metal layers and other materials typical of advanced gate stacks.
Authors: Chuan Liang Cao, Xiang Lin Zhang, Hai Yang Wang
Abstract: TiN coating is often coated on fine blanking tools made of with the powder metallurgy high speed steel S790 by Multi-arc ion plating. The phase variation, residual stress and microhardness of TiN coatings were respectively analyzed by X-Ray Diffraction(XRD) and Vickers hardness tester in this research. The result shows that: there is obvious preferred orientation in the crystal surface (1 1 1) and (2 2 2) of TiN coating, the residual stress of TiN coating ranges from -2 347 MPa to -1 920 MPa, and that of the substrate from -154.9 MPa to -69.21 MPa, both of which decrease with the increasing of coating thickness. The TiN coating on the S790 substrate was annealed at temperature 500°C for one hour. It was revealed that the stress state of TiN coating was better and thus the properties of the TiN coating were improved.
Authors: Ya Ling Qiu, Shi Bin Li, Wei He, Chuan Jun Han
Abstract: Composite membranes of TiN, WC/C and TiAlN+WC are successfully prepared by means of magnetron sputtering. An analysis of the membranes’ hardness, surface topography and chemical composition indicates that the composite membrane have a greater hardness, and are compact in structure and uniform in texture. A abrasion test is conducted by applying the three membranes respectively to tricone bit bearings, and then a comparison made between them and non-membrane tricone bit bearing leads to the finding that tricone bit bearing with TiAlN+WC/C composite membrane has the highest abrasion resistance, with a dramatic increase of 30%~40%.
Authors: Yan Li, Jing Pei Xie, Hui Wu Yu, Wen Yan Wang, Xin Hai Shao, Luo Li Li, Ai Qin Wang, Ji Wen Li
Abstract: Mn18Cr2 steel is one of austenitic deformation strengthening steel. The existing form of TiN and its influence on the austenitic structure in the steel by adding small amounts of TiN nanoparticles are discussed in this study, which may provide some advices to explore new way to strengthen high manganese steel. The microstructures of Mn18Cr2 steel added small amounts of TiN nanoparticles are observed by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). The results show that TiN nanoparticles exist in austenite and there have a very good match interface between the two phases, the crystal face relationship are {220}γ//{220}N, {422}γ//{422}N, (111)γ //(200)N , orientation relationship are <110>γ// <110>N, <211>γ//<211>N, [112]γ // [011]N, moreover, the relationship of (111)γ and (200)N is not only parallel but also coherent. Meanwhile, there are many high density dislocations, a small amount of stacking faults, twins and ε-martensite in the austenite due to the role of TiN nanoparticles.
Authors: Melis Arin, Hilal Yazici, Gultekin Goller
Abstract: In order to study bicompability properties of fully dense ZrO2 ceramics containing 2-3 mol% Y2O3 stabilizer, and ZrO2-TiN composites containing 1-1.75 mol Y2O3 and 1 mol% Nd2O3 stabilizers, and electrical conductive TiN particles (40-60 vol%), cell viability was evaluated based on the reduction of tetrazolium salt to formazan crystals by living cells, the alkaline phosphatase production was investigated, and nitrite quantification was done for indirect evaluation of osteoblast NO production. The samples were defined biocompatible since there is not any significant change observed in the physiological functions of the cells when incubated together.
Authors: Kyeong Cheol Baek, Chan Yeol Seo, Ki Bok Heo, Yang Soo Kim, Dong Joo Yoon, Byung Il Kim, Kyung Ku Lee, Dong Soo Han
Abstract: Arc ion plating (AIP) is one of the most attractive physical vapour deposition (PVD) method for the industrial manufacture of TiN coatings, owing to a high degree of ionization in the target material and convenient control of the process parameters. The important characteristic of hard coating is the adhesion strength between the coating layer and the substrate. The coating will be subjected to various loads, such as mechanical, thermal load, etc., in practical applications. Therefore, for more than a decade, Ti-based hard coatings have been applied to tools, dies, and mechanical parts because of the enhance lifetime and performance. It is focus on the attractive properties such as high hardness, good wear, and chemical stability. In the present study, TiN monolayer film was prepared at various N2 partial pressures and current by the AIP technique in SACM645 material. The correlation between microstructure and properties of the TiN coating was comparatively investigated by XRD, FE-SEM and AFM. These study carried steadily out improve the adhesion properties and wear resistance of Ti-based coating using pre-treatment of the substrate, insertion of an interlayer, application of multi-layers and adjustment of the process parameters. The main phase FCC TiN displayed (200) orientation in the film with the highest N2 partial pressure. The (111) orientation was observed with decreasing N2 partial pressure. The (200) and (111) textures in the film which was treated 80A arc current were found to be competitive orientations, however stronger arc treated the (200) texture was increased. The multilayer TiN films has possessed high hardness (up to 42Nm) and the best wear resistance among the specimens. These features were attributed to the presence of dense microstructures that were mainly composed of TiN phase around 5.16㎛ thickness, HF1 adhesion and Ra 35㎚ surface roughness
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