Papers by Keyword: Trapping Rate

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Authors: M.A. Abdel-Rahman, M. Elsayed, Ahmed G. Attallah, A.A. Ibrahim, Emad A. Badawi
Abstract: The result of positron lifetime measurements of a defected 5251 Al alloy is reported. Positron lifetime is measured as a function of the thickness reduction of the sample which shows a nearly linear increase and then becomes constant; which can be considered to be a reason for the defect movement saturation. The trapping rate, trapping efficiency, trapping cross-section, defect concentration and defect density of positrons are also measured for the sample concerned. The behaviors of these parameters are matched with theoretical calculations. Data are analyzed using the PATFIT88 computer program.
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Authors: M.A. Abdel-Rahman, N.A. Kamel, M. Abdel-Rahman, M. Abo-Elsoud, Yahia A. Lotfy, Emad A. Badawi
Abstract: Positron Annihilation Doppler Broadening Spectroscopy (PADPS) is one of the nuclear techniques used in material science. PADPS measurements are used to study the behavior of defect concentration and dislocation density in a set of 3003 and 3005 wrought aluminum alloy. It has been shown that positrons can become trapped at imperfect locations in solids. The S-parameter can be influenced by changes in the concentration of such defects. There is no observed change in the Sparameter values after the saturation of defect concentration. The S-parameter and trapping rates for the samples deformed up to 10 percent were studied. The concentration of defect range varies from 1017 to 1018 cm-3 and from 1016 to 1017 cm-3 for 3003 and 3005 wrought Al alloy respectively. While trapping rate range varies from 1 x1010 to 1.2x1011 s-1 for 3003 and from 1 x109 to 1.2x1010 s-1 for 3005 wrought Al alloy.
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Authors: Troyo D. Troev, J. Serna, I. Mincov
617
Authors: M. Abdel-Rahman, Yahia A. Lotfy, M.A. Abdel-Rahman, Emad A. Badawi
Abstract: Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy (PAS) is a powerful and versatile tool for the study of the microscopic structure of materials. Doppler Broadening Positron Annihilation Technique (DBPAT) is the fastest technique used among positron annihilation techniques. The dose effect in Al-6.5at. % Cu alloy was investigated by means of DBPAT. An abrupt change in both the S and W line-shape parameter values occurred at 70 kGy of irradiation. The S- and W-Parameters of the trapped positrons at 70 kGy of γ−irradiation dose are about 48 % and 14 % respectively. The S- versus W-parameter reveals a linear relationship indicating the presence of only one type of defect. The S- and W-parameters have been used in the determination of the positron trapping rate and the grain size of the AlCu6.5 alloy.
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Authors: Hideoki Murakami, T. Endo, I. Matsuda
1161
Authors: M.A. Abdel-Rahman, M.S. Abdallah, Emad A. Badawi
Abstract: Positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (PALS) is one of the nuclear techniques used in material science. (PALT) measurements are used to study the behaviour of the defect concentration in a set of AlSi10.9Mg0.17Sr0.06 alloys. It has been shown that positrons can become trapped at imperfect locations in solids, and that their mean lifetime can be influenced by changes in the concentration of such defects. No changes have been observed in the mean lifetime values following saturation of the defect concentration. The mean lifetime and trapping rates were studied for samples deformed up to 34.9 %. The concentrations of defects range vary from 5.194x1015 to 1.934x1018 cm-3 for thickness reductions of 2.2 to 34.9 %. The range of the dislocation density varies from 1.465x 108 to 5.454x1010 cm/cm3 over the same range of deformations.
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