Papers by Keyword: Work Function

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Authors: Alaa J. Ghazai, Abu Hassan Haslan, Zainuriah Hassan
Abstract: In this study, current-voltage (I-V) measurements at room temperature (RT) of platinum (Pt) metal contact combine with n-Al0.08In0.08Ga0.84N thin film which grown epitaxially by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) technique on sapphire substrate to form Schottky diode have been characterized. Schottky barrier heights of diode related with the high work function metal of Pt electrode was measured and investigated. Pt metal was fabricated using RF-sputtering technique. The effect of annealing temperature ranged from 300 °C to 600 °C on the structural and electrical properties has been studied. The results revealed that in spite of the various annealing temperature used there is no change in XRD diffraction peak observed in Pt contact. Furthermore, at 400 °C the best surface morphology was obtained and the value of SBH and ideality factor (n) was 0.76 eV and, 1.03 respectively. This concludes that at this annealing temperature Pt metal exhibited optimum (I-V) rectifying characteristics of Pt/Al0.08In0.08Ga0.84N Schottky diode.
Authors: Ruth Pearce, R. Yakimova, Jens Eriksson, L. Hultman, Mike Andersson, Anita Lloyd Spetz
Abstract: Epitaxially grown single layer graphene on silicon carbide (SiC) resistive sensors were characterised for NO2 response at room and elevated temperatures, with an n-p type transition observed with increasing NO2 concentrations for all sensors. The concentration of NO2 required to cause this transition varied with different graphene samples and is attributed to varying degrees of substrate induced Fermi-level pinning above the Dirac point. The work function of a single layer device demonstrated a steady increase in work function with increasing NO2 concentration indicating no change in reaction mechanism in the concentration range measured despite a change in sensor response direction. Epitaxially grown graphene device preparation is challenging due to poor adhesion of the graphene layer to the substrate. A field effect transistor (FET) device is presented which does not require wire bonding to contacts on graphene.
Authors: Xin Yue Zhang, Hua Li Ma, Yong Mei Zhao, Ning Yao, Fan Guang Zeng
Abstract: High density、uniform particles diamond films were synthesized by microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition (MWPCVD) method on Si (100). In order to improve field emission properties of thin films, sputtering the metal Ti、Al、Mo、Ni on the diamond surface respectively,and compared the kinds of diamond/metal composite film of field emission performance. The results show that the field emission properties of diamond / metal Ti composite thin film are better. The possible mechanism will be discussed in this study.
Authors: Hun Jun Ha, J.M. Lee, M. Kim, O.H. Kim
Abstract: We have studied the effect of various electrodes on non-volatile polymer memory devices. The ITO/PEDOT:PSS/Top electrode (TE) devices had bipolar switching behavior. The OFF current level of devices increased from 3×10-4 A to 3×10-3 A and the ON voltage decreased from 0.8 V to 0.5 V as the TE work function increased. The yield of devices decreased from over 50 % to under 10 % as the TE work function of devices increased. This result occurred because carrier injection was affected by the TE work function.
Authors: Tadeusz Bak, Janusz Nowotny, Charles C. Sorrell
Authors: S. Sadewasser, K. Ishii, Th. Glatzel, M.Ch. Lux-Steiner
Authors: Polina Davydovskaya, Angelika Tawil, Roland Pohle
Abstract: Cu-BTC, also known as H-KUST 1, belongs to Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs). Nanoporosity, relatively good thermal stability and unsaturated metal sites are some of its properties that make this MOF promising for application as a gas sensing material. In this work we chose different experimental approaches to examine trace gas sensing (5 to 50 ppm) of ethanol with Cu-BTC. Measurements with mass sensitive, as well as work function based readout, were successfully performed in dry synthetic air at room temperature. Strong, fast and concentration dependent response to ethanol was observed. In-situ measurements with diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS) were additionally applied to visualize the adsorption of ethanol molecules on the Cu-BTC sensing layer.
Authors: Katsuyoshi Kondoh, Nozomi Nakanishi, Rei Takei, Hiroyuki Fukuda, Junko Umeda
Abstract: Magnesium (Mg) has the lowest standard electrode potential in structural materials, and then it easily corroded for that property contacting with other metals. The corrosion resistance of Mg alloys was generally investigated by conducting saltwater immersion test, salt spray test, and electrochemical corrosion test. However, these tests give only macroscopic information but don’t give microscopic (i.e. galvanic corrosion at the interface). So, the origin of galvanic corrosion at the interface between dispersoids and a-Mg in Mg alloys was investigated for fundamental clarification. In this paper, the surface potential difference (VSPD) at the interface between dispersoids and a-Mg using AZ91D Mg alloy is measured by using Scanning Kelvin Probe Force Microscope (SKPFM). Surface potential of pure metals measured by SKPFM had good correlation with standard electrode potential (SEP), and then VSPD also positively correlated with difference of SEP. Salt water immersion test was conducted using AZ91D in order to compare VSPD with corrosion phenomenon. Topographic map around the interface between dispersoids and a-Mg was measured by using AFM after corrosion test. Corroded phase corresponded to the anodic phase indicated by surface potential.
Authors: Xiao Qin Dai, Sheng Feng Zhou, Zheng Xiong
Abstract: It is very important to effectively evaluate the adhesion strength of coating. A nondestructive method to evaluate the adhesion strength of laser induction hybrid rapid cladding Cu-Fe-based coatings was investigated. The electron work function of coatings was measured by scanning Kelvin probe. It was demonstrated that the Fe-rich particles and solid solution of Fe can increase the EWF and the tensile strength. A logarithmic relationship between the ratio of EWF to dilution and the adhesion strength was established.
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