Papers by Keyword: X-Ray Diffraction Line Profile Analysis

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Authors: Marek Andrzej Kojdecki
Abstract: A polycrystalline material may be considered as a set of crystallites. Since the crystallites have rather regular shapes, the assumption about the same shape is not far from physical reality for most polycrystals, especially powders. Such a system may be characterised in a statistical manner by two functions, the crystallite size distribution and the crystalline lattice strain distribution (for some materials other lattice distortions inside the crystallites, like stacking faults or dislocations, are to be considered additionally). The crystalline microstructure can be determined by investigating an X-ray diffraction pattern, what should be based on comparing an experimental pattern with a simulated one, derived from an appropriate physical model. Pure X-ray diffraction line profiles, containing information about crystalline microstructure, can be extracted from experimental data. An important step in analysing them is the separation of contributions from crystallite shapes and sizes and from strains, enabling the proper determination of both distributions together with the estimation of prevalent crystallite shape. A model of polycrystalline material combined with a description of X-ray diffraction on it, making such an analysis possible, is presented in this article. An approximate formula for separating both effects is based on results of computer simulation of pure X-ray diffraction line profiles from different crystalline powders, done under simplifying assumptions that the crystallites are prismatic or spherical, the size distribution is logarithmic-normal and the second-order strain distribution is normal.
107
Authors: Marek Andrzej Kojdecki, Witold Mielcarek, Krystyna Prociów, Joanna Warycha
Abstract: Varistors obtained by sintering zinc oxide with additives were investigated. In this work the crystalline microstructure of ZnO varistor body is studied by X-ray diffraction method, before and after additional annealing. The crystalline microstructure is characterised by the prevalent crystallite shape, the volume-weighted crystallite size distribution, the second-order crystalline lattice strain distribution and the derivative quantities. The evolution of these characteristics, particularly of bimodal size distribution, elucidate some details of the formation of crystalline zinc oxide and provide additional arguments for explaining the change of the electric characteristics of varistors induced by annealing.
237
Authors: Jenő Gubicza, Sergey V. Dobatkin, Z. Bakai, Nguyen Q. Chinh, Terence G. Langdon
Abstract: The correlation between the microstructure and the mechanical behavior of ultrafinegrained face centered cubic (f.c.c.) metals processed by equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP) was studied. It was found that the maximum value of the yield strength obtained at high strains is determined by the shear modulus and the saturation value of the dislocation density according to the Taylor equation. It was also revealed that the value of the parameter α in this equation decreases with decreasing stacking fault energy, indicating the effect of different geometrical arrangements of dislocations in the grain boundaries. In addition, it was shown that for ECAP processed Cu, the ductility decreases with increasing strain but at extremely high strains the ductility is partially restored due to a recovery of the grain boundary structure.
181
Authors: I. Schiller, Jenő Gubicza, Zsolt Kovács, Nguyen Q. Chinh, Judit Illy
Abstract: Supersaturated Al-4.8Zn-1.2Mg-0.14Zr and Al-5.7Zn-1.9Mg-0.35Cu (wt.%) alloys were processed by Equal-Channel Angular Pressing (ECAP) at 200°C. The crystallite size distribution and the characteristic parameters of the dislocation structure of both Al matrix and precipitates were determined by X-ray diffraction line profile analysis, which has been complemented by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observations. The results show that severe plastic deformation promotes the precipitation process and consequently has a strong influence on the strength of these alloys.
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Authors: Jenő Gubicza, I. Schiller, Nguyen Q. Chinh, Judit Illy
Abstract: Supersaturated Al-4.8Zn-1.2Mg-0.14Zr and Al-5.7Zn-1.9Mg-0.35Cu (wt.%) alloys were processed by Equal-Channel Angular Pressing (ECAP) at 200°C. The crystallite size distribution and the characteristic parameters of the dislocation structure of both Al matrix and precipitates were determined by X-ray diffraction line profile analysis, which has been complemented by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observations. Results of these investigations show that the bulk ultrafine-grained microstructure with high dislocation density produced by ECAP has strong influence on the precipitation process, resulting in high strength in both alloys.
169
Authors: Marek Andrzej Kojdecki, Francisco Javier Seranno, José Vicente Clausell, Joaquín Bastida
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