Papers by Keyword: 3C-SiC

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Authors: Kuniaki Yagi, Takamitsu Kawahara, Naoki Hatta, Hiroyuki Nagasawa
Abstract: A new technique that reduces stacking fault (SF) density in 3C-SiC, termed switch-back epitaxy (SBE), is demonstrated regarding its effects on morphological and electrical properties. SBE is a homoepitaxial growth process on backside of 3C-SiC grown on undulant-Si. The key feature of SBE, the surface polarity of residual SFs in 3C-SiC, which cannot be erased by heteroepitaxial growth on undulant-Si, is converted from the Si-face to the C-face. The SF density on the surface of 3C-SiC grown by SBE shows a remarkable decrease to one-seventh lower than that on undulant- Si. The leakage current of pn-diode epitaxially fabricated on the 3C-SiC substrate grown by SBE decreases to as low as one-thirtieth that on 3C-SiC substrate grown without SBE. These results suggest that SBE eliminates the SFs on the surface of 3C-SiC and subsequently reduces the leakage current at pn-junction thus fabricated.
Authors: Yoshitaka Umeno, Kuniaki Yagi, Hiroyuki Nagasawa
Abstract: We carry out ab initio density functional theory calculations to investigate the fundamental mechanical properties of stacking faults in 3C-SiC, including the effect of stress and doping atoms (substitution of C by N or Si). Stress induced by stacking fault (SF) formation is quantitatively evaluated. Extrinsic SFs containing double and triple SiC layers are found to be slightly more stable than the single-layer extrinsic SF, supporting experimental observation. Effect of tensile or compressive stress on SF energies is found to be marginal. Neglecting the effect of local strain induced by doping, N doping around an SF obviously increase the SF formation energy, while SFs seem to be easily formed in Si-rich SiC.
Authors: Wei Zeng, Zhe Chuan Feng, Rui Sheng Zheng, Ling Yun Jang, Chee Wei Liu
Abstract: High-resolution synchrotron radiation X-ray absorption of Si K-edge have been employed to investigate 6H-, 4H- and 3C-SiC. Detailed analyses of the extended x-ray absorption fine structure are taken by using the IFEFFIT program, and significant results on the atomic bonding are obtained from these comparative studies. The x-ray absorption near-edge structures of the Si K-edge are investigated, and the electronic structure of 3C-, 4H- and 6H-SiC are studied. In order to investigate the angular dependence, the x-ray absorption near-edge spectra were operated at 55o and 90o of the angle between the surface and the X-ray direction.
Authors: Philipp Schuh, Grazia Litrico, Francesco La Via, Marco Mauceri, Peter J. Wellmann
Abstract: We report on the growth of bulk 3C-SiC by sublimation on epitaxial seeding layers (3C-SiC/Si) from chemical vapor deposition. We have reached a materials thickness of 0.85 mm and an area of 10.5 cm2 which can be enlarged further. The high crystalline quality is characterized by the absence of secondary polytype inclusions and the absence double position grain boundaries.
Authors: Kenji Shibata, S. Harada, Toru Ujihara
Abstract: We realized the growth of 3C-SiC crystal on sapphire by solution growth method. The carbon deposition on a sapphire substrate before growth is the key point for this technology. This carbon layer plays a role to protect the dissolution of sapphire by Si solvent. Single crystal of 3C-SiC was grown on the whole surface of the sapphire substrate. Surprisingly, the 3C-SiC layer did not directly grown on the sapphire substrate. The single crystal 3C-SiC layer formed by the reaction between the deposited carbon and the Si wafer that is a solvent material below the melting point of silicon during heating process before the growth. The 3C-SiC grew on the 3C-SiC layer. In this process, the deposited carbon play another important role.
Authors: Thomas Kreiliger, Marco Mauceri, Marco Puglisi, Fulvio Mancarella, Francesco La Via, Danilo Crippa, Wlodek Kaplan, Adolf Schöner, Anna Marzegalli, Leo Miglio, Hans von Känel
Abstract: The growth morphology of epitaxial 3C-SiC crystals grown on hexagonal pillars deeply etched into Si (111) substrates is presented. Different growth velocities of side facets let the top crystal facet evolve from hexagonal towards triangular shape during growth. The lateral size and separation between Si pillars determine the onset of fusion between neighboring crystals during growth at a height tailoring of which is crucial to reduce the stacking fault (SF) density of the coalesced surface. Intermediate partial fusion of neighboring crystals is shown as well as a surface of fully coalesced crystals.
Authors: Christopher Locke, G. Kravchenko, P. Waters, J. D. Reddy, K. Du, A.A. Volinsky, Christopher L. Frewin, Stephen E. Saddow
Abstract: Single crystal 3C-SiC films were grown on (100) and (111) Si substrate orientations in order to study the resulting mechanical properties of this material. In addition, poly-crystalline 3C-SiC was also grown on (100)Si so that a comparison with monocrystaline 3C-SiC, also grown on (100)Si, could be made. The mechanical properties of single crystal and polycrystalline 3C-SiC films grown on Si substrates were measured by means of nanoindentation using a Berkovich diamond tip. These results indicate that polycrystalline SiC thin films are attractive for MEMS applications when compared with the single crystal 3C-SiC, which is promising since growing single crystal 3C-SiC films is more challenging. MEMS cantilevers and membranes fabricated from a 2 µm thick single crystal 3C-SiC grown on (100)Si under similar conditions resulted in a small degree of bow with only 9 µm of deflection for a cantilever of 700 µm length with an estimated tensile film stress of 300 MPa. Single crystal 3C-SiC films on (111)Si substrates have the highest elastic and plastic properties, although due to high residual stress they tend to crack and delaminate.
Authors: Andrea Canino, Andrea Severino, Nicolò Piluso, Francesco La Via, Stefania Privitera, Alessandra Alberti
Abstract: 3C-SiC shows encouraging physical properties for the development of low cost high power compatible silicon based technology. The fundamental capability of grown 3C-SiC on silicon substrates leads to the possibility of a full integration of Si based process technologies. This is the driving force for the efforts for development a high quality heteroepitaxial film. The fundamental issue is the reduction of defects and stress due to the lattice mismatch between the 3C-SiC epilayer and the Silicon substrate. In this paper we show a way to reduce macroscopic structural features and to enhance the material quality and the surface quality by simply using a process based on a multilayer (ML) buffer structure with n++ and n doping alternation. This process leads to an evident improvement of both surface roughness, morphology and crystal quality.
Authors: Olivier Kim-Hak, Maher Soueidan, Gabriel Ferro, Olivier Dezellus, Ariadne Andreadou, Davy Carole, Efstathios K. Polychroniadis, Jean Claude Viala
Abstract: Twin-free 3C-SiC layers were recently obtained by Vapour-Liquid-Solid mechanism on a a-SiC(0001) substrate using Si-Ge melt. The formation of cubic layers is rather unexpected since growth from the melt is known to promote lateral growth and should thus give homoepitaxial layers. The study of the early stage of such growth, after a simple contact between the melt and the substrate (without adding propane), reveals the precipitation of 3C-SiC elongated islands upon the substrate surface. The chemical interactions inside the Ge-Si-C ternary phase diagram suggest an initial dissolution of the SiC seed in contact with a Ge-rich melt (below 1200°C). When the Si content of the melt subsequently increases upon heating, the dissolved carbon atoms precipitate on the seed surface under the form of 3C-SiC islands. When propane is added, these islands enlarge and coalesce to form a complete 3C layer.
Authors: Marina Radulaski, Thomas Babinec, Jing Yuan Linda Zhang, Sonia Buckley, Yousif Kelaita, Kai Müller, Konstantinos Lagoudakis, Kassem Alassaad, Gabriel Ferro, Jelena Vučković
Abstract: We fabricated and characterized record small microdisk resonators in thin (210 nm) 3C-SiC film grown on Si (100) substrate. It was found to support high quality factor whispering gallery modes at visible wavelengths. We demonstrated room temperature coupling of these modes to the intrinsic photoluminescence of 3C-SiC at room temperatures and identified their polarization. Finally, we discussed applications for quasi-phasematched second harmonic generation from infrared visible wavelengths.
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