Papers by Keyword: 3D Image

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Authors: Jia Shing Sheu, Ho Nien Shou, Li Peng Wang, Tsong Liang Huang
Abstract: Biometric is used to confirm the unique of identity. In general, face is the most characteristic to recognize a person. In this paper, it is emphasized and compared the quality of 2D and 3D face recognition. There are three parts in this paper. First part is the detection of skin color which is used RGB color space. In order to reduce color red and green which are sensitive to illuminant, Normalized Color Coordinate (NCC) method is chosen to pick up the range of skin color directly. Second, to increase choosing of the important characteristics by Principle Component Analysis (PCA) the wavelength distinguishes technique is used to make 3D images. The third part is about identifying. An improved PCA through a transfer matrix to get optimal total scatter matrix of within-class scatter matrix is used. The optimal total scatter matrix represents the eigenvalue of face characteristics. Finally, the recognition rate and process performance between 2D and 3D images are compared via Euclidean Distance. The efficiency and recognition rate of 3D images are superior to 2D images. The recognition rate of 3D images attains to 92% and costs 0.39 second to recognize each image. It is improved 28% compared with the recognition rate of 2D images.
Authors: Hyung Tae Kim, Kyung Chan Jin
Abstract: Recent mechatronic systems, such as inspection machines or 3D imaging apparatuses, acquire and compute massive data for final results. A host in the mechatronic system is commonly composed of multiple hardware devices which interface with high-speed external signals. The host and the devices usually have large memory, so efficient data management is important due to data storage and transfer. In our software structure, each device is managed by respective application and large shared memory (LSM) is allocated in the host for the massive data. The shared memory is accessible from the device applications. Actions of the mechatronic system are driven by combining and broadcasting events through and inter-process communication (IPC). The model with LSM and IPC was applied to a 3D RF imaging system. We expect the proposed model can also be applied to machine vision with big image and engineering simulation with hardware accelerators.
Authors: Alexandru Paraschiv, Gheorghe Matache, Cristian Puscasu, Mihaela Raluca Condruz
Abstract: The effects of micro-abrasion wear on the surface roughness of molybdenum coatings deposited by electric arc thermal spray on steel support were investigated. The 2D surface roughness was measured and correlated with the experimental results of the micro-abrasion tests. Different worn surfaces which correspond to running-in and steady stage of wear were investigated in terms of the microstructure, 3D image and 2D surface roughness. The micro-abrasion tests were made in the presence of a SiC abrasive slurry for test durations between 200 – 1600 s and the worn surfaces were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy and stereomicroscopy.
Authors: Camargo Moreira Anderson, Prado Kronbauer Denise, Andre Rafael Cunha, Alexandre Antunes Ribeiro, Marize Varella de Oliveira, Celso Peres Fernandes
Abstract: Several studies about porous biomaterials indicate that surgical implants success is directly linked to its surface morphology and structural characteristics. Porous implants improve osseointegration at the implant-bone interface, since they induce new bone tissue formation inside the pores providing a better mechanical stability. One of the most important parameters is the size of the pores. However, if the connectivity among the pores is not large enough for good blood irrigation, the osteocytes cells cannot reach the pores, no matter its size. The aim of this work is to analyze the porous structure of titanium samples fabricated by powder metallurgy, by characterizing pores and connections separately. This kind of structure characterization is important to improve the design of porous biomaterials. To accomplish it, a numerical code which converts 3D images into a pore-throat network structure was adopted. With this code, parameters such as size, frequency and quantity of pores and their connections can be determined. To acquire the 3D images of the samples, X-ray microtomography was used. Two samples were analyzed with distinct pore morphological types. The main result showed marked differences between the structures related to the connections radius, which suggests the one with better blood permeability.
Authors: Guo Ping
Abstract: The real projection system image of 3D Rotating cones based on the Volumetric 3D revelation principle and WPF platform is the true image. Compared with conventional 3D display, this system has the naked eye 3D display, so the viewer is no need to wear 3D glasses and 3D display can be achieved .At the same time, this system has a 360-degree holographic image display. The system is designed by using WPF 3D image, which makes it easy to produce 3D images.
Authors: Deva Phanindra Kumar, Sourabh Bajaj
Abstract: 3-D Imaging refers to a technique for creating or enhancing the illusion of depth in an image by presenting two offset images separately to the left and right eye of the viewer. Anaglyph generation is one of the most cost effective methods of spectroscopic 3D imaging. Almost all human activities are related to some motion. In this paper we discuss about a method to control realtime anaglyph images based on the movement of MEMS inertial sensors. The aim is to track the movements of the sensor and accordingly build a system that controls anaglyph images simultaneously. A system to control anaglyph images using MEMS was developed at the end of experiment successfully. This can be further enhanced to develop various systems based on motion tracking and image creation, like human body modeling and gesture recognition and also to other 3D imaging techniques.
Authors: Lin Chen, Yi Fu Zhou, Jian Feng Liu
Abstract: The phenomena often appears that sea surface is above land, island is under sea surface and distortion of building inter-island in conflux area of water and land when creating three-dimensional image using fusing DEM and image. The paper introduced a fast method of modifying DEM and creating three-dimensional image in the batch by using PCI software. This method was validated by using SPOT5 and DEM in the Zhoushan area. The results showed that PCI could accurately mask the target objects and modify DEM in the batch; the result could be showed in three-dimensional mode by setting many parameters and meet different requirements; the results could fly by setting given route; the file was organized in a systemic mode, which will facilitate management.
Authors: Anderson Camargo Moreira, Ricardo Leo Marques Rouxinol, Pedro Alvim de Azevedo Santos, Celso Peres Fernandes, Alexandre Antunes Ribeiro, Roseli Marins Balestra, Marize Varella
Abstract: The performance of biomaterial scaffolds for bone tissue engineering, as porous titanium implants, is strongly dependent of its structural features. A reliable structural characterization of this kind of implant is very important. The most of image analysis techniques just supplies 2D information about the structure of specimens. X-ray microtomography is imaging technique that can produce 3D images of samples, however, stochastic models can also estimate properties of porous materials in 3D. This work presents the evaluation of a 3D model (using a truncated Gaussian method) in comparison to 3D microtomography volume, both from a titanium scaffold sample. In order to compare, geometrical parameters were measured for both 3D volumes. By the results, the truncated Gaussian 3D method reproduced a model with similar values to the microtomography volume, showing a good agreement among data, which suggests the use of this technique to estimate physical parameters of titanium scaffolds
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