Papers by Keyword: Abnormal Grain Growth

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Authors: Ye Chao Zhu, Jiong Hui Mao, Fa Tang Tan, Xue Liang Qiao
Abstract: Low energy grain boundaries were considered to be important in abnormal grain growth by theoretical deduction. The disorientation angles and coincidence site lattice grain boundaries distribution of more than 20 Goss grains and their neighboring matrix grains in primary recrystallized Fe-3%Si alloy were investigated using an electron backscatter diffraction method. It was found that the frequency of low energy grain boundaries of Goss grains which are more likely to abnormally grow are higher than their neighboring matrix grains, which indicated that low energy grain boundaries play a dominant role in the abnormal grain growth of Fe-3%Si alloy. The result meets well with the abnormal grain growth theory.
Authors: Yan Wu, B.Y. Zong, M.T. Wang
Abstract: Abnormal grain growth was simulated by phase field model in order to find ways of producing scattered a few enormous grains in a nano-structural single phase AZ31 alloy to improve its ductility. It is shown that the abnormal grain growth is controlled by the three keys factors of interface energy, strain restored energy and interface mobility. Therefore, the microstructure with scattered a few enormous grains in the nano-structural matrix can be achieved after an annealing treatment if there is a small group of specially orientated nano-size grains in the original nao-structure with local low grain boundary energy or local high strain energy or local high interface mobility. The morphology of abnormal grains is also examined as function of annealing time to optimize the microstructure.
Authors: You Hwan Lee, Sang Yoon Lee, Duk Lak Lee
Abstract: In order to save natural resources and to reduce production costs, many industries have conducted studies on new developed steels and manufacturing processes. For instance, the use of high-strength bolts can decrease the number, size and weight of bolts used in a car, thereby decreasing fuel consumption. For this reason, steel makers are developing boron-added steel for high-strength bolts, which eliminates production processes. However, it has been pointed out that this boron-added steel is sensitive to austenite grain coarsening. The austenite grain coarsening does not occur uniformly, hence it can affect mechanical properties such as tensile, fatigue and so on. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the abnormal behavior of grain growth and to determine the optimum amount of alloying elements in boron-added steel for use in making high-strength bolts.
Authors: Atsushi Nogami, T. Matsumiya, Yusuke Fukuda
Authors: Elizabeth A. Holm, Mark A. Miodownik, Kristopher J. Healey
Abstract: The origin of the strain-free crystallites that nucleate the recrystallization process has been debated for decades. Realistic, three-dimensional computer simulations indicate that the nucleation event is the mobility-driven abnormal growth of certain subgrains. Based on these observations, we derive a model that incorporates subgrain topology, texture, boundary distribution and boundary properties to predict the frequency of the abnormal growth events that lead to nucleation. The qualitative and quantitative agreement between theory, simulation, and experiments is excellent.
Authors: Anthony D. Rollett
Abstract: A theory for abnormal grain growth (AGG) in polycrystalline materials is revisited and extended in order to predict AGG in textured polycrystals. The motivation for the work is to improve our understanding of the origins of the Goss texture component, {110}<001>, during annealing of Fe-Si sheet. Since the AGG phenomenon in grain-oriented electrical steels is known to be dependent on the presence of a dispersion of fine second phase particles, the grain boundary properties are treated as representative of the homogenized behavior of the material, and not necessarily the properties that would be measured directly. The predictions of AGG are presented in the form of maps in Euler space, showing which texture components are most likely to grow abnormally. For different models of grain boundary properties applied to a theoretically derived texture, different sets of texture components are predicted to grow; neither model, however, predicts growth of the Goss component.
Authors: Nong Moon Hwang
Abstract: Abnormal grain growth (AGG), which is also called the secondary recrystallization, often takes place after primary recrystallization of deformed polycrystalline materials. A famous example is the evolution of the Goss texture after secondary recrystallization of Fe-3%Si steel. A selective AGG of Goss grains has remained a puzzle over 70 years in the metallurgy community since its first discovery by Goss in 1935. We suggested the sub-boundary enhanced solid-state wetting as a mechanism of selective AGG of Goss grains. According to this mechanism, if Goss grains have sub-boundaries of low energy, they have an exclusively high probability to grow by solid-state wetting along a triple junction compared with other grains without sub-boundaries. This aspect has been confirmed by Monte-Carlo and Phase Field Model simulations. The simulations showed that if the abnormally-growing grain has a high fraction of low energy boundaries with the matrix grains, it favors the sub-boundary enhanced solid-state wetting and produces many island and peninsular grains frequently observed near the growth front of abnormally-growing Goss grains. For example, the {111}<112> orientation has a S9 relationship with a Goss grain. Therefore, grains with the {111}<112> orientation provide a favorable condition for sub-boundary enhanced solid-state wetting. Three or four-sided grains with convex-inward boundaries, which are observed on a two-dimensional section of polycrystalline structures, are not shrinking but are growing, indicating that they are growing by wetting along a triple junction. These and other microstructural evidences of solid-state wetting could be observed relatively easily near the growth front of abnormally-growing Goss grains. The existence of sub-boundaries exclusively in abnormally-growing Goss grains has been experimentally confirmed. In order to understand why only Goss grains have sub-boundaries, the cold rolling process of the hot-rolled Fe-3%Si steel was analyzed by finite element method (FEM). The analysis showed that a small portion of Goss grains formed during hot rolling survives after cold rolling; the survived Goss grains have the lowest stored energy and are expected to undergo only recovery without recrystallization, producing sub-boundaries.
Authors: J.H. Seo, Jong Kweon Kim, Yong Bum Park
Abstract: The texture evolution due to grain growth that takes place during annealing was investigated in nanocrystalline Fe-Ni alloys fabricated by using an electroforming method. In the current materials, the as-deposited textures were of fibre-type characterized by strong <100>//ND and weak <111>//ND components, and the occurrence of grain growth during annealing resulted in the strong development of the <111>//ND components with a significant decrease of the <100>//ND components. It was clarified that abnormal grain growth plays an important role on the evolution of the microstructures and textures. The abnormally grown grains were observed using orientation imaging microscopy in the early stages of grain growth, and their morphological features have been discussed.
Authors: Olivier Arnould, Olivier Hubert, François Hild
Authors: I.J. Bae, S. Baik
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