Papers by Keyword: Accumulative Roll Bonding (ARB)

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Authors: Masaki Tanaka, Kenji Higashida, Tomotsugu Shimokawa
Abstract: Brittle-ductile transition (BDT) behaviour was investigated in low carbon steel deformed by an accumulative roll-bonding (ARB) process. The temperature dependence of its fracture toughness was measured by conducting four-point bending tests at various temperatures and strain rates. The fracture toughness increased while the BDT temperature decreased in the specimens deformed by the ARB process. Arrhenius plots between the BDT temperatures and the strain rates indicated that the activation energy for the controlling process of the BDT was not changed by the deformation with the ARB process. It was deduced that the decrease in the BDT temperature by grain refining was not due to the increase in the dislocation mobility controlled by short-range barriers. Quasi-three-dimensional simulations of dislocation dynamics, taking into account of crack tip shielding due to dislocations, were performed to investigate the effect of a dislocation source spacing along a crack front on the BDT. The simulation indicated that the BDT temperature is decreased with decreasing in the dislocation source spacing. Molecular dynamics simulations revealed that moving dislocations were impinged against grain boundaries and were reemitted from there with increasing strain. It indicates that grain boundaries can be new sources in ultra-fine grained materials, which increases toughness at low temperatures.
Authors: M. Zakaria Quadir, O. Al-Buhamad, Michael Ferry
Abstract: Sheets of commercial purity aluminum and super saturated solid solution of 0.3% Sc were accumulatively roll bonded to form 64 alternating layers in a 0.5 mm thickness. The rolling was done at 350 °C to ensure dynamic recovery/recrystallization in Al layers and precipitation hardening of Al(Sc) layers during the rolling. The sheet crystallographic texture was distributed along β fibre orientations. The recrystallization texture of aluminum layers after annealed at 250-350 °C was randomly distributed. The tensile property of this novel composite has achieved a small improvement over the commercially available grades and delamination between the layers was identified as the key issue to improve in this fabrication technique.
Authors: Petr Homola, Margarita Slámová, P. Sláma, Miroslav Cieslar
Abstract: Accumulative Roll Bonding (ARB) is a severe plastic deformation process that allows producing ultrafine-grained materials (UFG). UFG sheets exhibit enhanced strength and very fine grain structure. Foils used as fins in heat exchangers have to be very thin but must exhibit high strength combined with relatively high formability. Thus, materials produced using ARB may fulfil the exacting requirements on foil properties for such applications. The thermal stability of Al-Fe- Mn-Si foils produced using ARB and subsequent cold rolling was studied and compared with conventionally cold rolled (CCR) counterparts. The stability was assessed by isothermal annealing in the temperature range from 200 to 450 °C. Electron back scatter diffraction in a scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscopy examinations of foils microstructure in the deformed and annealed states allowed the monitoring of structural changes. The magnitude of mechanical properties changes due to annealing was evaluated by microhardness measurements. Significant hardness increase was observed after annealing at 200 °C only in the ARB samples and was assigned to an annealing-induced hardening. The CCR foil exhibits higher non-recrystallized fraction and smaller mean lamellae boundary spacing in the temperature interval of 200-250 °C than ARB foils. The annealing at 450 °C results in identical hardness values and fully recrystallized microstructure of all foils, regardless the method used for their manufacturing. However, the ARB samples show higher stability of the refined substructure than their cold rolled counterparts due to continuous recrystallization occurring in the ARB foils.
Authors: Hiroshi Utsunomiya, R. Souba, Tetsuo Sakai, Yoshihiro Saito
Authors: S. Kaneko, Kazunori Fukuda, Hiroshi Utsunomiya, Tetsuo Sakai, Yoshihiro Saito, Norio Furushiro
Authors: I. Salvatori
Abstract: Refinement of grain size is one of the biggest challenges to produce steels with improved combination of strength and toughness. Ultrafine structures are being produced world-wide on various materials, including low carbon steel, using different types of processes. However, the majority of these processes also exhibit severe limitations because they are generally restricted to small samples and are difficult to be implemented on an industrial scale. A promising technique for industrial implementation is the Accumulative Roll Bonding (ARB), a process able to supply large samples, even in the laboratory scale. In this paper, warm intense straining (ε = 4) by ARB was applied to a plain low-C steel in order to develop ultrafine grains, aiming at sizes around 1-2 μm, suitable to maintain an adequate combination of strength and ductility. The effect of annealing conditions on the evolution of the work-hardened microstructure and the bonding behaviour after each pass were investigated. Orientation Imaging Microscopy was used to investigate the microstructure and give a quantitative assessment of high angle and low angle boundaries. It is showed that the frequency of high angle grain boundaries increases with the strain but the misorientation distribution remained far from that typical of a recrystallised material.
Authors: Wahdat Ullah, Gouthama
Abstract: An Ultrafine grain (UFG) microstructure is developed on the sheet of Al-2.4wt%Cu-0.3wt%Si alloy after three passes of accumulative roll bonding (ARB) process. The detailed of the microstructural features and phases at different strain condition has been studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Observation indicates at the possibility of dynamic recovery and recrystallisation during the ARB processing itself. The material becomes ultrafine grains after three passes of ARB itself with the formation of dynamically recrystallised grains all over the sample. TEM evidence is presented in support of this proposal.
Authors: Nong Gao, Chuan Ting Wang, Robert J.K. Wood, Terence G. Langdon
Abstract: Various different severe plastic deformation processes (SPD) have been developed to produce ultra-fine grained (UFG) materials during the last two decades. One very important material property that the UFG materials should have for structural materials application is good wear resistance. This review paper presents some recent work related to the wear resistance of materials processed by SPD, in particular for alloys processed by using equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP) and accumulative roll-bonding (ARB).
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