Papers by Keyword: Accumulative Roll Bonding (ARB)

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Authors: Nobuhiro Tsuji, S. Kato, Satoru Ohsaki, Kazuhiro Hono, Yoritoshi Minamino
Authors: Nobuhiro Tsuji, Yoshiaki Ito, H. Nakashima, Fusahito Yoshida, Yoritoshi Minamino
Authors: Ana Carmen C. Reis, Leo Kestens
Abstract: An interstitial-free steel was severely plastically deformed in an accumulative roll bonding (ARB) experiment with 10 consecutive passes applied at 480°C. Nominal reductions of 50% per pass and an intermediate annealing treatment of 5 min. at 520°C were employed. A total true strain of evM = 8.00 was applied, which corresponds to an accumulated reduction of 99.9%. The evolution of texture and microstructure was monitored by means of orientation imaging microscopy. A lamellar microstructure, characteristic of severely rolled sheet materials, was observed even after the highest strains. The average lamellar width was determined as a function of rolling strain. Under the experimental limitations in terms of spatial resolution, no significant difference was observed between the average lamellar width in the mid-section and near the surface of the sheet. Texture analysis revealed a conventional cross-sectional gradient with plane strain rolling components in the mid-layers and shear components in the subsurface regions. Although these different strain modes did not affect the microstructure in terms of the average lamellar spacing, an effect was observed on the average aspect ratio of the grains. This was much higher in the sheared (surface) layers than in the plane strain compressed (centre) areas. The surface structure did not have an effect, though, on the bulk microstructural evolution in spite of the specific nature of the ARB process during which the surface layer of one pass reappears in the mid-section of the next pass.
Authors: M. Zakaria Quadir, Michael Ferry, P. R. Munroe
Abstract: Lamellar bands are the primary structural features in accumulative roll bonding (ARB) of sheet metals. The structural refinement in ARB sheets occur by forming a dense distribution of lamellar band boundaries. The lamellar band boundaries initiate as low angle interfaces, parallel to the existing lamellar band boundaries, irrespective of the crystallographic orientations of the parent lamellar bands. From an extensive investigation it was found that the transverse directions across the lamellar band boundaries are rotated by an angle equal to their misorientations. Such a phenomenon is not sustained when the boundaries turn to high angle.
Authors: Irena Topic, Heinz Werner Höppel, Matthias Göken
Abstract: Commercial purity aluminium AA1050 and aluminium alloy AA6016 were accumulative roll bonded and subsequently friction stir welded. The microstructure of the conventional and ultrafine-grained materials produced by accumulative roll bonding is strongly affected by friction stir welding. The elongated ultrafine-grained microstructure of roll bonded sheets becomes coarser and equiaxed in the nugget region. Hydraulic bulge tests showed that higher burst pressure can be achieved for samples without friction stir welding than for the ones with friction stir welding. Localised deformation, crack initiation and propagation, as well as the final fracture occurred within the nugget. Friction stir welded AA1050 sheet showed similar achievable burst pressures and von Mises equivalent strains compared to the as-received conventionally grained sheets. On the other hand, significantly higher burst pressures and at the same time higher von Mises equivalent strains were observed for the friction stir welded ultrafine-grained material than for the friction stir welded conventionally grained material.
Authors: Seong Hee Lee, Seung Zeon Han, Cha Yong Lim
Abstract: The difference in annealing characteristics of oxygen free copper (OFC) and deoxidized low-phosphorous copper (DLP) processed by ARB was studied. The copper alloys processed by eight cycles of the ARB were annealed for 10 minutes at various temperatures ranging from 100 to 400°C. The variation of microstructure and mechanical properties with annealing was significantly different in both copper alloys. In case of OFC, the ultrafine grained (UFG) structure formed by the ARB still remained up to 200°C, and above 200°C it was completely replaced with a coarse grained structure due to an occurrence of the conventional recrystallization. However, in case of DLP, the recrystallization did not occur even at 350°C. The strength of the OFC also decreased significantly at annealing temperatures above 200°C, while the hardness of the DLP did not decrease so largely up to 350°C. These differences in annealing characteristics in both copper alloys were discussed in terms of purity.
Authors: Yong Suk Kim, J.S. Ha, Woo Jin Kim
Abstract: Dry-sliding-wear behavior of ultra-fine grained 6061 Al alloy and AZ61 Mg alloy was investigated. The accumulative roll bonding (ARB) and the equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) processes were employed to obtain refined microstructures in the Al and Mg alloys, respectively. Pin-on-disk wear tests of the processed alloys were carried out with various applied load against a 304 stainless steel counterpart. In spite of the increased hardness and strength, wear resistance of the ultra-fine grained 6061 Al alloy was lower than that of the coarse-grained starting alloy. The strength and wear resistance of the ECAP processed AZ61 Mg alloy did not change appreciably despite the refined microstructure. Recrystallization was found to occur during the ECAP process of the Mg alloy. Worn surfaces and cross-sections of the wear-tested specimens were examined to investigate the wear mechanism of the ultra-fine grained Al and Mg alloys.
Authors: Naoya Kamikawa, X. Huang, Nobuhiro Tsuji, Niels Hansen, Yoritoshi Minamino
Abstract: High purity aluminum (99.99% purity) was severely deformed by accumulative roll-bonding (ARB) to a thickness reduction of 98.4%. Quantitative microstructural characterization of the deformed sample was carried out by electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). EBSD scans at various locations from the sample surface to the mid-thickness revealed a fairly uniform and equiaxed structure, although a small fraction of an elongated structure parallel to rolling direction (RD) was also observed. Misorientation angle distributions for grain boundaries of which misorientation angle was larger than 2° were evaluated by EBSD, showing that more than 70% of the boundaries were high-angle ones (>15°). More detailed structural features, such as low-angle boundaries (<2°) and dislocations between boundaries were characterized by TEM. The TEM results indicated that about 17% of the boundaries have misorientations <2° and that the fraction of high-angle boundaries is about 52%. An estimated yield strength based on the structural parameters determined by TEM was in good agreement with the measured value.
Authors: Mojtaba Dehghan, Fathallah Qods, Mahdi Gerdooei
Abstract: Processes with severe plastic deformation (SPD) may be defined as metal forming processes in which ultra-large plastic strain is introduced into a bulk metal in order to create ultra-fine grained (UFG) metals. Accumulative roll bonding (ARB) is a SPD process that may be defined as multisteps rolling process in order to create high strength metals with UFG structure. In this study, ARB process with inter-cycle annealing is carried out on the commercial purity aluminium (AA1050) sheet up to 13 cycles. The purpose of the present study is investigation of microhardness behavior and microstructural evolution in the ARB processed AA1050 sheet. Micro-Vickers hardness measurement is carried out throughout thickness of the ARB processed sheets. In addition, with increasing ARB cycles the grains size is reduced in nanometer level.
Authors: Yong Suk Kim, Suk Ha Kang, Dong Hyuk Shin
Abstract: The cross-ARB (C-ARB) process, which adopts cross rolling of the two stacked plates, has been performed up to seven cycles on a commercial purity 1050 aluminum alloy to obtain ultrafine grains with an average grain size of 0.7μm. Microstructural evolution of the C-ARB processed aluminum alloy was examined by a transmission electron microscopy as a function of process cycle number (accumulated plastic strain). Tensile property of the severely deformed Al alloy was also explored. Grain size of grains of the C-ARB processed alloy varied across thickness of the rolled plate. The size of grains at the top and bottom of the rolled plate converged to 0.65μm, while that of grains at the center of the plate increased with the number of ARB cycles. Tensile strength of the CARB processed 1050 Al alloy increased from 100MPa (as-received) to 160MPa. Tensile elongation varied with the number of cycles, but 15% of failure strain was measured from the 6-cycle C-ARB processed specimen. The variation of the elongation with the cycle number coincided exactly with the variation of grain size at the center of the processed plate.
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