Papers by Keyword: AlSI 316L

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Authors: Isolda Costa, Sizue Ota Rogero, Olandir Vercino Correa, Clarice Terui Kunioshi, Mitiko Saiki
Abstract: This study investigates the in vitro corrosion and cytotoxicity response of AISI 316L stainless steel produced by powder injection molding (PIM) technology in a solution that simulates physiological fluids (MEM) by electrochemical techniques and neutral red uptake cytotoxicity assay. The results were compared with those of AISI 316L produced by conventional metallurgy. Both steels showed high corrosion resistance and no toxic effect in the cytotoxicity test. The corrosion products were analyzed by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). The surfaces of the alloys were evaluated before and after corrosion test by scanning electron microscopy and a passive behaviour was indicated supporting the results from other techniques.
Authors: K. Sikorski, Agnieszka Szymańska, M. Sekuła, D. Kowalczyk, Jan Kazior, Krzysztof Jan Kurzydlowski
Abstract: The aim of the study was to obtain a ferritic-austenitic stainless steel through sintering of the mixture of austenitic steel AISI 316L powders with silicon in the amount ranging from 1 to 7%. The pressed mixtures were sintered at 1240oC for 60 minutes under hydrogen atmosphere. The results of the silicon admixture on the density, porosity, microstructure and mechanical properties of the sintered specimens are discussed.
Authors: Renato Altobelli Antunes, Wagner S. Wiggers, Maysa Terada, Paulo A.P. Vendhausen, Isolda Costa
Abstract: The use of AISI 316L stainless steels for biomedical applications as implants is widespread due to a combination of low cost and easy formability. However, wrought 316L steel is prone to localized corrosion. Coating deposition is commonly used to overcome this problem. Ceramic hard coatings, like titanium nitride, are used to improve both corrosion and wear resistance of stainless steels. Powder injection moulding (PIM) is an attractive method to manufacture complex, near net-shape components. Stainless steels obtained from this route have shown mechanical and corrosion properties similar to wrought materials. The literature on the use of PIM 316L steel, either coated or not, as implants is still very scarce. The aim of the present work was to study the corrosion behaviour of PIM 316L in two conditions: TiN-coated and bare. Electrochemical investigations were performed using EIS and potentiodynamic polarization techniques.
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