Papers by Keyword: Barium Titanate

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Authors: Lorena Pardo, Alvaro García, Klaus Brebøl, Elisa Mercadelli, Carmen Galassi
Abstract: Submicron-structured (Bi0.5Na0.5)0.94Ba0.06TiO3 (BNBT6) dense ceramics, from nanometric powder synthesized by sol gel auto-combustion at 500°C and obtained by hot-pressing (800°C-2h) and subsequent recrystallization at moderate temperature (1000-1050°C-1h), have been studied. In-situ measurements at the shear mode of electromechanical resonance of non-standard thickness-poled shear plates as a function of the temperature show higher depolarization temperature than measurements at the radial mode of thin disks. Shear mode related material coefficients are measurable up to 160°C, being k15≈30% and d15≈250 pC.N-1 at 130°C. Depolarization is a complex phenomena caused by a ferroelectric (FE) macrodomains thermal randomization and a phase transition from the field-induced FE phase to a relaxor phase. The early stage of such a transition involves a non-negligible piezoelectricity arising most probably by the percolative coexistence of ferroelectric macrodomains in the resonator under the given stress field for each resonance mode.
Authors: Oratai Jongprateep, Tunchanoke Khongnakhon, Jednupong Palomas
Abstract: Rising worldwide demands for energy encourages development of high-efficiency energy storage and capacitor components. Main requirements for dielectric materials employed in fabrication of high energy density capacitors include high dielectric constant, high dielectric breakdown strength, and low dielectric loss. Owing to its high dielectric constant and low dielectric loss [1], barium titanate is among common capacitor materials. Tailoring of dielectric properties of barium titanate can be achieved through controlled chemical composition, microstructure, and crystal structure. Synthesis and processing techniques, as well as doping of barium titanate, can be key factors to control the composition and structure, which consequently contribute to enhancement of dielectric constant in the material.
Authors: Zhong Yang Wang, Xin Yan Li, Run Hua Fan, Pei Tao Xie, Kai Sun, Guo Hua Fan, Chuan Xin Hou, Xiang Zhang
Abstract: Conductor–insulator composites have been extensive researched for high dielectric constant. Most of them concentrated on metal polymers or metal ceramics. Barium titanate–carbon fibers composites were prepared by using a solid state reaction process with carbon fibers contents ranging from7 vol% to 23 vol%. Due to the high-aspect-ratio of carbon fiber, it was easy to produce a conducting network at much lower volume fraction. FESEM images illustrated that the carbon fibers influenced the densification and microstructure of the ceramics. Besides, addition of carbon fibers led to increase in dielectric permittivity, also had effects on the dielectric loss and ac conductivity. The dielectric and conductivity properties as a function of carbon fibers volume fraction were explained by the percolation theory.
Authors: Miao Yao, Hui Ling Du, Xian Du, Jun Liu, Li Xia Long
Abstract: Lead-free piezoelectric ceramics (1-x)Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3-xBaTiO3(x=0.04, 0.06, 0.08) was synthesized via sol–gel combustion method. Structural analysis was performed by using X-ray diffraction (XRD). The structural morphology of the nanoparticles was studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The ceramics show a rhombohedral-tetragonal morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) in the range of x =0.04-0.08, which makes ceramics having superior dielectric and piezoelectric properties. There is a decrease of the grain size with increasing BT concentration, suggesting that dissolving BT into NBT inhibits the grain growth. And the multi-peak fitting result shows lattice constants of NBT have increased with the BT doped into NBT. Belong to the ionic polarization relaxation type, the low temperature dielectric anomalous peak shift towards a high temperature and the high temperature dielectric anomalous peak shift towards a lower temperature showed by the dielectric-temperature spectrum. Dielectric-temperature spectrum further determines that (1-x)NBT-xBT ceramics are relaxation ferroelectrics, and join BT makes the Curie temperature decreasing about 21 to 24°C. High piezoelectric properties with d33=148pC/N are observed in NBT-BT0.06.
Authors: Ladapak Chumprasert, Narit Funsueb, Apichart Limpichaipanit, Athipong Ngamjarurojana
Abstract: Barium titanate (BT) additive in lanthanum modified lead zirconate titanate (PLZT) was used to modify the microstructure and resultant properties of (1-x) PLZT– x BT where x= 0, 0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20 and 0.25. Oxide powders were synthesized by mixed oxide synthetic route via a rapid vibro-milling technique. All of samples were sintered at 1275°C with the soaking time of 4 h. The ceramic samples were investigated for phase formation and evolution, dielectric behavior and ferroelectric properties. Introduction of BT in PLZT lattice resulted in ferroelectric tetragonal-rhombohedral structure, and further increase of BT content resulted in stabilizing the ferroelectric tetragonal perovskite phase. Dielectric behavior and ferroelectric properties were examined as a function of BT content.
Authors: Ladapak Chumprasert, Narit Funsueb, Apichart Limpichaipanit, Athipong Ngamjarurojana
Abstract: In this research, Barium titanate (BT) additive in lanthanum modified lead zirconate titanate (PLZT) was used to stabilize the PLZT ceramics. Oxide powders were synthesized by mixed oxide synthetic route via a rapid vibro-milling technique. It was prepared with the chemical formula of 0.95 Pb0.91La0.09 (Zr0.65Ti0.35)0.9775O3 -0.05 BaTiO3 to investigate the dielectric properties of PLZT ceramics. The modified PLZT ceramics were fabricated at variation of sintering temperatures of 1200-1275°C for 4 hours. By employing X-ray diffraction (XRD), it was found a pure perovskite with rhombohedral structure. The relaxor behavior was observed from the dielectric measurements. The suitable sintering temperature of 0.95 PLZT - 0.05 BT was 1275°C (εr=10463, tanδ=0.0125 and Tm=70°C).
Authors: M.K. Rahman, M.F. Hossain, Kazi Mohammad Shorowordi, M.A. Matin
Abstract: Barium titanate (BaTiO3) with its perovskite structure is a promising dielectric material for many applications such as transducers, actuators, high-k dielectrics and multilayer ceramic capacitors (MLCC). In this study, we have investigated the effect of sintering time on dielectric properties of BaTiO3 and Nb-doped BaTiO3. BaTiO3 was doped with 0.3 mol % niobium oxide (Nb2O5). At first, nanosized pure BaTiO3 and Nb2O5 doped BaTiO3 were milled, dried and pressed into pellets to prepare green samples. Then, the samples were sintered at 1275°C for different time periods ranging from 2 to 5 hrs. Single stage sintering was adopted for the densification of prepared samples. Microstructure of the sintered samples was investigated employing Field-emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM). Dielectric properties of the samples were measured using an impedance analyzer. Finally, a correlation was established between the dielectric properties of the sintered samples and their microstructure. Nb has shown to provide strong inhibiting effect after sintering the samples in the range of 2 to 5 hours at 1275°C thereby, resulted in higher dielectric properties of doped BaTiO3 ceramics compared to that of pure BaTiO3. The best room temperature dielectric constant of 7200 was obtained for Nb doped BaTiO3 sintered at 1275°C for five hours. Such improved dielectric constant is attributed to the optimum grain size of about 1 micron at this sintering temperature.
Authors: Masum Billah, Md Miftaur Rahman
Abstract: The structure-property relationship of 0.3, 0.5 and 0.7mole% lanthanum (La2O3) doped Barium titanate (BaTiO3) ceramics prepared by solid state sintering under different sintering conditions were investigated in this research. The raw materials were La2O3 (grain size=~80nm) and BaTiO3 (grain size=100nm) powders. Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FE-SEM) was used to examine grain size and surface morphology of sintered pellets & X-Ray Diffraction analysis was conducted to identify crystal structure. The results showed significantly improved grain size and electrical properties of BaTiO3 for 0.5 mole% La2O3 with desired grain size (0.8-1.3μm), high densification (>90% theoretical density) and stable dielectric constant (12700) at room temperature (f=100Hz) by lowering curie temperature around 30oC by sintering at 1300oC for 8 hrs. A gradual deterioration follows with increased doping concentration. So the research revealed that proper La3+ concentration can inhibit grain size and lower Curie temperature hence significantly improving the electrical properties of BaTiO3 ceramics.
Authors: Sudarath Suntaropas, Panakamon Thonglor, Naphat Albutt
Abstract: The thermal decomposition was used to prepare BaTiO3 powders. Using BaCO3 and TiO2 powders as precursors and heat treatment in the temperature range of 600-1000 °C for 6 hr. The final product (BaTiO3) proceeds through a trace amount of Ba2TiO4. The phase transformation was investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) as a function of sintering temperature. The results show that the microstructures of BaTiO3 were developed during sintering at different temperature. In additional, the particle growth of BaCO3 and TiO2 are the major factors to affect of the particle growth mechanism.
Authors: Yong Jie Yan, Qing Qing Ni
Abstract: Barium titanate/graphene oxide/polyurethane (BTO@GO@PU) composite membranes for microwave absorption were designed and fabricated by mechanical-blending of BTO and GO in PU medium, followed by mold formation. The cross section morphology of the BTO@GO@PU membrane indicated that the BTO nanoparticles with 450 nm average diameter are successfully incorporated into the PU matrix. Mechanical tensile measurement showed that, as the amount of BTO nanoparticles increased from 5 wt% to 20 wt%, the elastic modulus of the corresponding membrane increased up to 23.0 MPa elongation with the elongation above 450 %. Microwave absorption property of the BTO@GO@PU membranes were evaluated by measuring its reflection loss in the frequency range of 0.1-18 GHz. With the addition of BTO up to 20 wt%, the maximum absorptivity of the composite reached up to 51 %. This is attributed to the dielectric loss of BTO nanoparticles.
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