Papers by Keyword: BCC Metals

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Authors: Helmut Mehrer, Sergiy V. Divinski
Abstract: Starting from some fundamentals of solid-state diffusion, we remind the reader to the major techniques for lattice diffusion measurements. Self-diffusion is the most basic diffusion phenomenon in any solid. The paper covers main features of self-diffusion in pure fcc and bcc metals and some important facts about diffusion of substitutional solutes in metals. Binary intermetallics are compounds of two metals or of a metal and a semimetal. Their structures are different from those of the constituents. Some intermetallics are interesting functional materials others have attracted attention as high-temperature structural materials. The paper reviews some results mainly from our laboratory on diffusion in binary intermetallics from the systems Cu-Zn, Ni-Al, Fe-Al, Ni-Ge, Ni-Ga, Fe-Si, Ti-Al, Ni-Mn, Mo-Si and Co-Nb, which have been published in detail elsewhere. Some results for the ternary system Ni-Fe-Al are also mentioned.
Authors: Yong Jun Lan, C. Pinna
Abstract: The Plane Strain Compression and Static Recrystallisation Textures of BCC Metals Have Been Simulated Using a Coupled 3D Crystal Plasticity Finite Element (CPFE)-Single Phase Field (PF) Model Using an Interstitial-Free (IF) Steel as an Example. the Recrystallisation Nucleation Is Modelled Based on the Orientation Dependent Recovery (ODR) Theory which Assumes that Deformation Texture Components with a Relatively High Number of Slip Systems Activated during the Plane Strain Compression Undergo a Faster Recovery Process during the Subsequent Annealing due to the Cross Slip of Dislocations and as a Result Will Nucleate Earlier than Others. the Growth of Strain-Free Grains Is Simulated Using the Mis-Orientation Angle Dependent Grain Boundary Energy and Interface Mobility. A Linear Interpolation Method Is Adopted to Map the Data between the CPFE Model of Deformation and the Single PF Model of Recrystallisation. Simulated Results Show a Qualitative Agreement with the Typical Rolling and Annealing Textures Measured Experimentally for BCC Metals. Apart from the Texture and Grain Structure Formed during Deformation and Annealing, the Softening Fraction Can Also Be Simulated Using the Developed Model.
Authors: Andrey S. Chirkov, Andrei V. Nazarov
Abstract: This work is devoted to simulation of the diffusion features of point defects in bcc metals. The properties of point defects have been investigated with the usage of many-body interatomic potentials. This approach, based on the density-functional theory, permitted us to derive more adequate diffusion features of solids. This investigation is carried out within the framework of the Finnis-Sinclair formalism, developed for an assembly of N atoms and represents the secondmoment approximation of the tight-binding theory. We used a new model, based on the molecular static method for simulating the atomic structure near the defect and vacancy migration in pure metals. This approach gives the opportunity to simulate the formation and the migration volumes of the point defects, taking into consideration the influence of pressure on structure and consequently on energy. The diffusion characteristics of bcc α-Fe and anomalous β-Zr have been investigated.
Authors: Milan J. Konstantinović
Abstract: By comparing the properties of dislocation-related relaxation processes in internal friction spectra and the tensile data of various iron alloys, we found that the temperature dependence of the flow stress is governed by the total distribution of the activation energies of dislocation motion. The derived model explains the origin of an anomalous temperature dependence of the flow stress in thermally aged Fe-1%Cu alloys, and Fe-x%Cr alloys as a function of Cr concentration, as well as the non-uniform temperature dependence of the flow stress in pure Fe.
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