Papers by Keyword: Beta

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Authors: Xiang Ying Hao, Cui Zhang, Shuang Xi Liu, Hai Fu Guo
Abstract: Zeolites mordenite (MOR) and β decorated with high dispersion degree and loading content of CuO composite (symbolized as CuO/zeolite) were prepared via a novel method-the stepped hydrothermal synthesis. The resultant composite were characterized with details by powder XRD, ICP-AES, H2-TPR and TEM techniques. Shown by experiment, the stepped hydrothermal synthetic method adopted in the present research using urea as alkali source as well as benefiting from the ultrasonic wash treatment hardly damages the zeolitic framework structure. Compared with ammonia, high dispersion degree and loading level of CuO are yielded as a consequence of the employment of urea as alkali source. Besides, the ultrasonic wash treatment not only removes some CuO precursors that deposit on the external surface of the porous support but also produces a uniform distribution of CuO particles with smaller dimension on the surface of zeolites: CuO are dispersed in nanoscale of about 4-8 nm on mordenite and 2-5 nm on zeolite β. The present synthetic strategy could be therefore applied as a novel general method for the manufacture of functional materials in a wide spectrum.
Authors: D. Hu, H. Jiang, M.H. Loretto, Xin Hua Wu
Abstract: Beta phase decomposition in Ti-44Al-4Nb-4Hf-0.1Si during continuous cooling from β phase field has been investigated. A wide cooling rate range (0.3-1000°Cs-1) was provided by mainly using Jominy end quenching, which has been introduced into TiAl research recently, together with iced brine quench (IBQ) and furnace cooling (FC). At different cooling rates beta phase decomposes via different paths through diffusion or diffusionless mechanisms and lamellar transformation may occur after β decomposition at certain cooling rates.
Authors: M.V.S. Chandrashekhar, Christopher I. Thomas, Hui Li, Michael G. Spencer, Amit Lal
Abstract: A betavoltaic cell in 4H SiC is demonstrated. An abrupt p-n diode structure was used to collect the charge from a 1mCi Ni-63 source. An open circuit voltage of 0.95V and a short circuit current density of 8.8 nA/cm2 were measured in a single p-n junction. An efficiency of 3.7% was obtained. A simple photovoltaic type model was used to explain the results. Good correspondence with the model was obtained. Fill factor and backscattering effects were included. Efficiency was limited by edge recombination and poor fill factor.
Authors: Muhammad Kamran Yaseen, Muhammad Mansoor, Haider Ali Ansari, Sajawal Hussain, Shaheed Khan
Abstract: Al bronze are the choice of material for relatively high wear applications besides appreciable mechanical and corrosion properties. In present work, the effect of different heat treatment processes on tribological characteristics of Ni-Al bronze (CuAl10Ni5Fe4, UNS C63000) has been studied. The hot rolled bar of 30 mm diameter was subjected to annealing, quenching and aging processes separately, consequently their effect on microstructure was studied and co-related with tribological characteristics. The formation and nucleation of various phases due to the thermal treatments were observed using optical microscopy. The wear behavior was studied using ball on disk arrangement with 100Cr6 ball and Ni-Al Bronze samples as disk. The characteristics and mechanism of wear track was studied using scanning electron microscope. It was observed that the water quenched sample followed by aging at 300°C exhibited best tribological characteristics.
Authors: J.R. Calcaterra
Abstract: Beta solution heat treatment is used to increase the fatigue crack growth resistance of Ti-6AL-4V. Unfortunately, the beta solution heat treatment is very sensitive to maximum temperature, time at temperature and cooling rate. In order to determine the effect of these parameters on mechanical properties, several different titanium billets and forgings were heat treated at various times and temperatures. The forgings had differing amounts of work, reflecting the potential for thermomechanical processing differences seen in a die forged component. Fracture toughness and tensile tests were conducted on the billets and forgings. In addition, sections of each work piece were excised and examined microscopically. The results from the study indicate there is a significant effect of heat treatment on thicker section components. In these cases, grains near the surface may grow large, while being barely transformed near the center. The change in microstructure has an effect on mechanical properties. Material with the larger grains tends to have worse ductility, while the fracture toughness properties of the material tend to decrease with grain size.
Authors: Fang Guo, Jun Qiang Xu, Jun Li
Abstract: The Fe/Beta catalysts were prepared by conventional incipient wetness impregnation. The catalysis oxidation degradation of methyl orange was carried out in catalyst and H2O2 process. The results indicated that the catalyst and hydrogen peroxide were more benefit to degradation of methyl orange. The reaction condition was optimized. The optimum reaction process was as follow: iron amount of catalyst was 1.25%, the catalyst dosage and H2O2 concentration was 1 mg/L and 1.5 mg/L, and reaction temperature was 70 °C. The apparent activation energy (65 KJ/mol) was obtained according to the arrhenius formula, which was benefit to study the reaction mechanism.
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