Papers by Keyword: Binder

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Authors: M.S. Başpınar, Wolfgang Schulle, Ferhat Kara
Authors: Lu Xia, You Shou Zhang, Jin Huang
Abstract: Influences of additives on the physicochemical characteristics and technologies of binder are researched, and a new compound phosphate heat-cured foundry binder coded B8M15 is developed. The binder is made from environmental friendly inorganic materials such as phosphoric acid, aluminum hydroxide, B-ion additive and Mg-ion additive. Laboratory results indicate that combined effect of B-ion additive and Mg-ion additive can improve the storage stability of the binder and its sand mold or core, as well as they can increase the dry strength of its sand mold or core from 0.77MPa to 2.51MPa. This binder has low gas evolution and good collapsibility.
Authors: A. N. Sadikin, R.R. Ali, N. Othman, Mohd Ghazali Mohd Nawawi
Abstract: The newly developed non-woven filter media are composed of randomly oriented fibrous fibers from lignocellulosic biomass. The aim of this study is to investigate the feasibility of incorporating chitosan solution in fibrous filter media made from lignocellulosic biomass. The wet lay-up method was adopted for filter media fabrication. Diluted acetic acid was used as medium to dissolve the chitosan powder. Chitosan solution was applied to the fiber using two different deposition techniques, namely, spray method and addition method. The tensile test demonstrated that the filter media using spray method outperformed a filter media made from by addition technique. From the FT-IR spectrum, when the chitosan was added to empty fruit bunches fibers, the absorption peaks at around 1642 cm-1 are clearly identified that showing the presence of amine group in the fibers. The changes observed in the spectra indicated the possible interaction of functional groups between chitosan and cellulose in the fibers. The newly developed non-woven filter media integrates the functions for both the deep filtration and mechanical screen, thus it will be an alternative medium in oily wastewater treatment industry.
Authors: Ying Li, Wen Juan Gu, Bei Hai He
Abstract: The surface topography and properties of coating layer have an important influence on penetration and distribution of the print ink. In this research, the main objective was to investigate the effect of binder on the coating surface topography and characteristics. The surface microstructure was explored in the method of numerical and visual analysis using mercury porosimetry measurment and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The findings indicated that the binder content on the coating surface affected the pore size, depth and distribution of the coated paper surface. The conclusions were drawn that more amount of binder on the coating surface could contribute to improve the coating surface topography and the formation of even pore size and distribution, which was good to the paper surface characteristics and resulted in low roughness, high paper gloss, low ink absorption and high paper surface efficiency.
Authors: G. Thavanayagam, De Liang Zhang, K.L. Pickering, Stiliana Raynova
Abstract: Metal injection moulding (MIM) is an innovative injection moulding technique widely used to produce complex shaped components from feedstock composed of metal powders and thermosetting or thermoplastic binders. In MIM, binder selection and formulation are considered as critical processes since binder characteristics dictate the success of MIM. The purpose of this study is to determine the feasibility of polyvinyl butyryl (PVB) based binder system in Ti-6Al-4V(wt.%)/binder feedstock, as well as to understand the effects of key parameters, such as powder loading and mixing conditions on the rheological properties of a feedstock. In this study, PVB, polyethylene glycol (PEG), and stearic acid (SA) were chosen to formulate a multi-component binder system to prepare Ti-6Al-4V based feedstock with the aid of three types of mixers: a compounder, a modified mechanical mixer and a twin screw extruder. Further, morphological analysis was performed using optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Thermal analysis was performed using simultaneous differential thermal analysis and thermogravimetric analysis. Results showed that binder formulation was reasonably successful with the aid of both mechanical mixer and a twin screw extruder under certain mixing conditions, and the critical powder loading was 68 vol.%, resulting in an optimum powder loading of 63 vol.% .
Authors: D.P. Dias, Amilcar Soares, C.E. Viana, J.C. Soares, P.H.B. Azevedo
Abstract: The alkaline activation of Portland cement based materials, ground granulated blast furnace slag and pozzolans has been accomplished with success since the decade of 40, in several countries. The practicability of the use of the alkalis opens new opportunities for the production of special binders with properties different from those presented by the ordinary Portland cement. Besides the chemical composition, the mechanical strength of these alkali-activated materials depends a lot on the reactivity of the raw material, property that is influenced mainly by the specific surface area and crystalline degree of the raw material. Thus, an experimental program was carried out aiming at evaluating the influence of these variables in the compressive strength, at 3, 7 and 28 days of age, for mortars manufactured using alkaline activation of kaolinitic soils. The results have shown that the most suitable combination, in terms of mechanical strength and economy of energy, was the mortar manufactured with soil receiving a ½ hour grinding time and calcined at 650oC during four hours.
Authors: Chi Zhang, Jing Luo, Rong Xiang
Abstract: Small particle size powder of Fe and Ni was used as raw materials (the particle diameter of metal injection molding (MIM) was 0.5-20μm generally) [1], and the wax-based polymer was used as binder, a new type of Fe-Ni alloy for semiconductor was prepared by the MIM. The processes which include injection debinding and sintering were studied as well as the properties. Metallographic analysis and XRD analysis showed that the alloy was a single stable organization of austenite (γ phase) whose expansion coefficient was low, and the microstructure was uniform and dense. The parts formed by MIM have high forming quality and forming precision as well as lower processing and manufacturing cost.So the MIM opened up a new way for processing small complex parts.
Authors: Yue Xiang Wang, Ying Liao
Abstract: To understand the strength behavior of solidified waste matrices as building materials, sewage sludge as a kind of municipal solid waste had been solidified/stabilized by a binder constituted of Portland cement and stone material powder. Based on the experiment data, a mathematical model relating the strength gain of solidified sludge matrices to the ratio of binder to waste is proposed by statistical analysis. The proposed method is then verified with available test data.
Authors: Rodrigo Sanchotene Silva, Carlos Arthur Ferreira, Jane Zoppas Ferreira, Álvaro Meneguzzi
Abstract: The use of intrinsically conductive polymers such as polyaniline (PAni) has been presented as an alternative protective coating against corrosion, it intensifies the effect of anodic passivation and protection of the material. Given the difficulty in obtaining films of polyaniline in the oxidized form and driver in a self-supported and cohesive on the surface of metal substrates. Was held the undoped of the polymer, with the use of NH4OH solution to passing the PAni oxidized state and non-conducting polyaniline emeraldine base known as PAni EB. The complete mixture of PAni EB, organic solvent and plasticizer 4-chloro-3-methylphenol, allowed to obtain a resin. This was applied in AISI 1006 steel plates with the aid equipment Spin Coater. The film was characterized by thermal analysis TGA, where it was found that the coating is the result of the reaction components, predominantly the structure of PAni EB. The electrochemical tests of Cyclic Voltammetry and Potential Open Circuit were carried out in 2 molL-1 H2SO4 solution, which indicated the formation of redox couple polymer-metal, which provides the formation of passivating oxides, which allow the metal anodic protection against corrosion.
Authors: Bashir Ibrahim, Y. Tijjani, I.A. Rafukka, M.U. Suleiman
Abstract: The application of molasses as a binder in sand mold operation was investigated. Standard Sand Mold mixture (5 cm diameter x 5 cm height) were made with 1-5% molasses and Chalawa sand the balance. The molding Properties such as ; Green Compressive Strength(GCS), Green Shear Strength(GSS), Dry Compressive Strength(DCS), Dry Shear Strength(DSS), Green Shatter Index, Green Permeability, Flowability, and Compactibility of sand molasses mixture were obtained. 2% Molasses-sand mixture was selected for molding the prototype cast based on the highest values of the Green Compressive Strength, Green Permeability, and excellent Flowability (96.4%) observed in the experiments. The result shows that molasses alone could not be used as a binder. This is further supported by the low values of Green Shatter Index (31.3%) and Compactibility (25%) reported.
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