Papers by Keyword: Biodegradable

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Authors: Gaur Swati, Anand Sawroop Khanna, Raghuvir Kumar Singh Raman
Abstract: In the present study, combinations of a phosphonato silane with a precursor, Methyltriethoxy silane (MTEOS) in various ratios were applied onto the alloy Mg-6Zn-Ca. The corrosion resistance of the coated and uncoated specimens in a modified simulated body fluid (m-SBF) was characterized by potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Results suggest that the silane coating significantly decreases the degradation rate of the magnesium alloy, indicating its potential to be used as a corrosion barrier for magnesium alloy temporary implants.
Authors: Mehdi Mehdikhani-Nahrkhalaji, Mohammad Hossein Fathi, Vajihesadat Mortazavi, Sayed Behrouz Mousavi, Batool Hashemi-Beni, Sayed Mohammad Razavi, Ali Akhavan, Abbas Haghighat
Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the interaction of bioactive and biodegradable poly (lactide-co-glycolide)/bioactive glass (PBG) nanocomposite coating with bone and human adipose-derived stem cells (hASC) in vivo and in vitro, respectively. Sol-gel derived 58S bioactive glass (BG) nanoparticles and 50/50wt% poly (lactic acid)/poly (glycolic acid) (PLGA) were used to prepare the coating. The nanocomposite coating was characterized by SEM, XRD, and AFM. Mechanical stability of the prepared nanocomposite coating was studied during intramed­ullary implantation of coated Kirschner wires (k-wires) into rabbit tibiae. Titanium mini-screws coated with PBG nanocompoite coating was implanted intramedullary in rabbit tibia. Bone tissue interaction with the prapared nanocomposite coating was evaluated 30 and 60 days after surgery. The effect of PBG nanocomposite coating on the attachment and viability of human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) was investigated. Results showed that PBG nanocomposite coating remained stable on the K-wires with a minimum of 96% of the original coating mass. Tissue around the coated implants showed no adverse reactions to the coating. Woven and trabecular bone formation were observed around the coated samples with a minimum inflammatory reaction. The hASCs showed excellent attachment and viability on the PBG nanocomposite coating. It was concluded that PBG nanocomposite coating provides an ideal surface for bone formation and stem cells attachment and it could be used as a candidate for coating the dental and orthopedic implants.
Authors: Asfandyar Khan, Md. Nahid Pervez, Muhammad Asad Saleem, Rashid Masood, Ying Jie Cai
Abstract: In this research solid-solid microencapsulated phase change material (SSMePCM) with high thermal energy storage density (177.6 Jg/1) was synthesized successfully by in situ polymerization using biodegradable natural polymer chitosan as shell and polyethylene glycol (PEG-1000) as core. The morphology, chemical structure and thermal properties were characterized by optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The results show that the obtained SSMePCM dispersed individually with a spherical shape. Author (s) recommends the all set thermal and chemically steady microcapsule for thermal energy storage purposes as novel synthesized SSMePCM with latent heat storage capacities.
Authors: Mihaela Rațoi, Sergiu Stanciu, Nicanor Cimpoeşu, Iulian Cimpoeşu, Boris Constantin, Ciprian Paraschiv
Abstract: FeMnSi alloys are promising shape memory alloys which have been used for pipe joints but no previous work pays any attention to their biomedical application. Following the outline of the aforementioned development of biodegradable Fe-based alloys, we believe that it is worthwhile to investigate the feasibility of FeMnSi alloy as biodegradable metal candidate, since element Si is widely used in biomedical metallic materials as an alloying element. A shape memory metallic material based on FeMnSi was obtained through classical melting method. The material was analyzed as cast and plastic deformed through rolling concerning materials microstructure (scanning electrons microscopy - SEM), chemical analyses (X-ray analyze by EDAX) and corrosion resistance (or biodegradation rate) in an artificial saliva electrolytic solutions (Fusayama) artificial aerated by linear and cyclic curves determination (potentiometry - VoltaLab).
Authors: Rabiatul Manisah Mohamed, Kamal Yusoh
Abstract: The concept of biodegradable plastics is of considerable interest with respect to solid waste accumulation. Greater efforts have been made in developing degradable biological materials without any environmental pollution to replace the traditional plastics. Among numerous kinds of degradable polymers, polycaprolactone sometimes called PCL, an aliphatic polyester and biocompatible thermoplastic, is currently a most promising and popular material with the brightest development prospect and was considered as the ‘green’ eco friendly material. The application for this biodegradable plastic includes controlled drug releases, tissue engineering, bone scaffolds, packaging and, compost bags etc. This review will provide information on current PCL development, material properties of PCL and its composites, and also its wide spectrum applications.
Authors: Young Hee Lee, Jung Soo Kim, Han Do Kim
Abstract: Biodegradable superabsorbents, hydrolyzed AN(acrylonitrile)-grafted-SA(sodium alginate) copolymers were prepared in this study by graft copolymerization of acrylonitrile on sodium alginate and the subsequent hydrolysis of the resulting grafted copolymer. The absorbency was found to significantly depend on the % add-on, graft copolymerization conditions and hydrolysis conditions. The optimum condition for graft copolymerization to obtain the maximum % add-on (64.5%) was 4g SA, 12g AN, and 8.42g H2O2 in 100ml water at 70 oC for 10hr., respectively. The optimum hydrolysis conditions for the graft copolymer (64.5 % add-on) to reach the maximum water absorbency (2518g/g), saline absorbency (1558g/g), and WRV (288g/g) is 1g graft copolymer in 10 ml aqueous NaOH (1.0N) at 110 oC for 1 hr. Furthermore, this hydrolyzed AN-graft-SA showed a good biodegradability in enzymatic hydrolysis tests when compared with commercial superabsorbent materials.
Authors: Sarah Kayfetz Outzen, Cheng Chen
Abstract: Concrete has one of the highest carbon footprints of building materials in use, and is also one of the most often used building materials in modern construction. Polystyrene is a non-biodegradable polymer in continued use. This paper examines the feasibility of using polystyrene beads in structural concrete. Recycled polystyrene beads were used as a coarse aggregate in concrete mixtures to explore possible structural application. Two samples apiece of three experimental mixes of concrete as well as control concrete mixtures were tested in the laboratory for density and compressive strength at 14, 28, 56 and 70 days curing. The laboratory testing showed one experimental mixture was of comparable compressive strength to the control concrete mixture. The experimental results demonstrated that recycled polystyrene concrete in volumetric percentages below 18.75% could be a feasible green concrete mixture.
Authors: Toshimasa Uemura, J. Dong, Takafumi Yoshikawa, Y. Hakamatsuka, H. Irie, Hisahiro Inoue, Tetsuya Tateishi
Authors: Li Dan Fan, Gang Qin, Xin Xin Cao, Shao Kui Cao
Abstract: A novel catalyst for the copolymerization of CO2 and cyclohexene oxide(CHO) was prepared by using BTE and ZnCl2. The zinc complex showed catalytic activity for the copolymerization. The obtained copolymer was characterized by IR and NMR. Effect of reaction time on copolymerization was investigated.
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