Papers by Keyword: Biological

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Authors: Mariekie Gericke, Byron Benvie, Leon Krüger
Abstract: The weathering of kimberlite ores leads to the weakening of the kimberlite structure, which allows the use of less intensive comminution procedures during the liberation of diamonds from the ore, resulting in a decrease in potential damage to the diamonds. The possibility to use iron- and sulphur-oxidising chemolithotrophic microorganisms as a way to accelerate the weathering of kimberlite ores was evaluated. It was demonstrated that the presence of sulphuric acid as well as ferric iron could result in changes in the clay component of these ores. The results provided promising evidence that weathering can be successfully accelerated, but showed that the degree of transformation varies between different kimberlite types with different mineralogical characteristics.
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Authors: Peng Fei Liu, Shou Bin Dong, Yi Cheng Cao, Zheng Ping Du
Abstract: DBioSearch is a distributed model optimized for indexing next-generation exploding sequence data including the human genome and other biological sequence data. It is modeled in view of the distributed programming and text search engine Lucene, and reports good indexing efficiency for each kind of biological datasets. Indexing on large volume of sequences could be time consuming, but DBioSearch uses the distributed programming skill to parallelize indexing process that can take advantage of multiple computing nodes.
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Authors: Ahmed H.A. Dabwan, Daizo Imai, Satoshi Kaneco, Hideyuki Katsumata, Tohru Suzuki, Kiyohisa Ohta
Abstract: Treated dredged sediment by using Hi Biah System (HBS) was used for the construction of five different artificial tidal flats (E1-E5) in Ago Bay, Japan. AGOCLEAN-P which is mainly made from paper sludge ashes was used as a coagulant and hardener. After the construction, continuous monitoring for the physico-chemical and biological parameters was carried out quarterly for 28 months from May 2005 to August 2007. Physico-chemical parameters measured were; particle size, loss on ignition (LOI), total organic carbon (TOC), chemical oxygen demand (COD), water content (WC), chlorophyll a, and acid volatile sulphide (AVS). At the end of the experiment, physico-chemical parameters for the artificial tidal flats along with the sandy natural flat (S2) were almost similar. In regards to the natural muddy flats (S1) the results showed remarkable increase in the particle size <0.75 μm throughout the experimental period, whereas insignificant decrease was observed for the medium particle size. In addition the area around station (S1) was characterized by high concentration of silt/clay around 75% for the particle size less than 75μm. Biological parameter was represented by macrobenthos abundant as number of individuals, biomass, and species number. The abundant macrobenthos during the first year of monitoring was mollusca followed by polychaeta then bivalve, however at the end of the experiment, bivalve was the most dominant macrobenthos followed by mollusca and then polychaeta indicating that healthy environment was created.
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Authors: Yong Zhang, Jie Mo Tian, Chen Wang
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Authors: Qi Lin Deng, S. Sung, T.A. Mahmoud, G.M. Zhou, X. Lu, S.Y. Shen, K.L. Cheng, E.W. Hellmuth, C.F. Tsai, Yan Ching Jean, M.F. Lou
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Authors: Dau Chung Wang, Shinn Hwa Chen, Gen You Chen, Ken Yen Chen, Cheng Hsien Tsai
Abstract: Recently, self-assembly synthesis of metal nano-particles has attracted great interest due to its unique size dependent properties. In this study, an easy synthesis would be developed to form Au nano-particles which are without toxicity. The Au particles could be applied in biological and biological toxicity experiments. Some phenomena could be discovered in this paper. First, the concentration ratio of Au and trisodium citrate would be adjusted to control the Au nano-particles size. And the particle size is limited because of the size dependent energy would be discovered in this paper. The minimum particle size is also found. The one phase liquid reduction method is easy and without toxicity, it is low-cost, high-throughput, and suitable to be applied in biological and biological toxicity studies.
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Authors: Halizah Awang, Zawawi Daud, Mohd Zainuri Mohd Hatta
Abstract: Rivers play a major role for communities especially in fisheries and as a source of water for people residing within the vicinity. Water quality is of utmost importance and it covers a wide range of approaches and conflicts. Water is super abundant on the planet, as whole, but fresh potable water is not always available at the right time or the right place for human or ecosystem use [3]. Water quality refers to the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of water. It is a measure of the condition of water relative to the requirements of one or more biotic species and or to any human need or purpose. It is most frequently used by reference to a set of standards against which compliance can be assessed. Sembrong dam reservoir was built by damming a river. When a reservoir is built along a river’s flow, the physical, chemical and biological conditions of the river are disrupted to some degree [2]. Since Sembrong dam reservoir is constructed on large lowland rivers with gradually sloping banks, it can be characterized by inundation of large areas, extreme horizontal variability with extensive shallows riparian vegetation and shallow reservoir. Such reservoir is usually eutrophic and high natural organic load are likely to contribute to the formation of an anoxic hypolimnion [9]. Shallow reservoir is usually well mixed by wind, and this leads to non-stratified condition [7]. Therefore, Sembrong dam reservoir can be categorized as shallow unstratified reservoir.
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