Papers by Keyword: Bird Impact

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Authors: Yong Kang Zhang, Yu Long Li, Hong Bing Zhang
Abstract: Identification of a bird constitutive model and its parameters is a very difficult work in bird-impact coupling solution. In order to identify the constitutive model and the parameters simultaneously, an inversion analytic model for the bird material parameters is given based on penalty function method and nonlinear optimization principle, and then combining the model preferential criterion proposed in this paper, the identification system of the bird constitutive model is established with ANSYS Parametric Design Language (APDL). Finally, the feasibility and practicability of this identification method are verified by an example.
Authors: Yong Kang Zhang, Yu Long Li
Abstract: The 3-D finite element analysis model of beam-edge structure with spaced multiple layers under bird impact is established. Numerical simulations are implemented by using the non-linear contact-impact code ANSYS/LS-DYNA when the birds collide at three locations of the structure respectively. The failure process of the structure and the equivalent plastic strain at supports are obtained. The residual strength of the structure after impact is predicted. The results show that the front spars are penetrated or cracked after the leading edge is perforated. The equivalent plastic strain at the support is much higher when the bird impacts the structure at the central location. Both the structure deformation and failure mode from the simulation are consistent with the results of full scale test, which proves the validity of the method proposed in this paper.
Authors: Xiao Peng Wan, Wen Zhi Wang, Mei Ying Zhao
Abstract: In this paper, a new bird model which combined the visco-elastic material properties and Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) method has been proposed to simulate the bird features in high-speed conditions. A rigid plate impact test was adopted to compare the reaction of SPH and Lagrangian bird model. Compared with the results of Lagrangian bird model, new SPH model was more in line with the experimental data, and has better computational efficiency. The SPH bird model was further used to bird impacting with the wing leading edge by using finite element program LS-DYNA. Two kinds of leading edge structural enhancement programs have been proposed and carried out simulation of bird impact. Basis of calculation, the design parameters of experimental structure was determined and was produced to wait for final testing.
Authors: Xi Tao Zheng, Qiang Yang, Lin Hu Gou
Abstract: The finite element method was used to simulate and analyze I-shaped beam which was made of the three-dimensional braided composite and suffered from bird impact. The models contained five braiding modes, two kinds of three-dimensional three-directional braiding and three kinds of three-dimensional six-directional braiding. Three kinds of thickness (10 mm, 15 mm and 20 mm), and all of these models were impacted by three different velocities (80 m/s, 150 m/s and 200 m/s) respectively. The bird has different mechanical properties in different velocities; therefore, different finite element models were used. Also, the stiffness of the braided composites degraded while damaged was absolutely considered. The numerical results indicated that, the capability of anti-bird impact was best when the beam was made of three-dimensional six-directional braided composites with sizes proportion of braiding yarn 1:1:1 for the four-directional, five-directional and six-directional. After analysis, the most reasonable braiding mode and structure dimension was obtained, in which condition the I-shaped beam was strong enough to resist bird impact and less weight.
Authors: Ahmed Uzair, Jun Wang, Ying Jie Xu, Wei Hong Zhang
Abstract: In this study, a numerical model was established to predict the dynamic response of PMMA based polymeric aircraft windshield against high speed bird impact. A detailed nonlinear viscoelastic constitutive model with tensile failure criterion was used to predict the damage and failure of windshield structure. The numerical model was implemented by employing user defined material subroutine (UMAT) in explicit finite element (FE) solver LS-DYNA 3D. Numerical results were validated against experimental data and further investigations were carried out to study the influence of increased bird velocity and impact location on windshield. On the basis of numerical results, the limiting bird velocity and critical impact location on windshield were determined. The study will help to optimize the design of windshields against high speed bird strikes.
Authors: Jun Liu, Yu Long Li, Fei Xu
Abstract: This paper is focused on the development of an effective numerical method to simulate bird-impact aircraft windshield events. A new Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) which has been incorporated as a solver option into the explicit finite element program PAM-CRASH was used to model the bird. The deformation between the numerical results and the experimental results is in good agreement. Simulation results of a bird-impact process indicated that the SPH bird model is more suitable to model the break-up of the bird into particles. Failure of the windshield in the experiment was simulated, and the good agreement between the numerical and experiment indicates that the failure model established in the present paper is reasonable. Finally, the energy changes of the bird and the windshield were calculated.
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